• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the state of Britain in 1815?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What was the state of Britain in 1815? After the end of the Napoleonic wars between France and England, which had lasted about a quarter of a century, England was the most powerful country in the world. This had come about because of many changes throughout Britain in Industry, Agriculture, Society, and Politics and also because of International incidents. The culmination of all these changes was that Britain had changed dramatically and had become a much more 'modern' state. In this essay I will be exploring the changes and what effects they had. From about 1750 the Industrial Revolution had begun in Britain, this was the transition from an essentially land based economy to an industrial one with high levels of services industries and manufacturing. This had been brought about by technological improvements especially in the metal, coal and textiles industries, some of the improvements included advances in loom technology, such as Cartwright's power loom. Also there were advances in the use of blast furnaces and the invention of the steam engine. All these advances brought about quicker and better ways to produce the goods in the industries, so many more goods were made, and the economy prospered. The war with France had also created a need for these goods and so more workers were needed to make the goods. ...read more.

Middle

This had the effect of putting many farm labourers out their jobs and the new enclosures also forced small-time farmers out as they lost their rights to the common land. Despite all these problems the agricultural revolution made a very positive impact. It pushed the farm labourers into towns and cities, which played an important part in the industrial revolution. It also allowed Britain to just about feed a very rapidly growing population. Throughout all this period of change, one thing can be seen as almost constant, the power of the Tories, between 1815 and 1830, mostly under Lord Liverpool, the Whig party failed to occupy office at all. The Tories, Whigs and the Radicals were not like political parties of the present, they were much more vague groups, with no definite policies. In general, the Tories wanted to stay with the status quo, with the same powers for the monarchy (who were not autocratic but were still very powerful) and the Anglican Church, and to keep very strict law and order. Some Tories were also in favour of cautious humanitarian reform, which could be seen as policy to keep them in power and to not allow another French revolution to happen in Britain. The Whigs saw themselves as more liberal despite also being wealthy landowners (Britain was an oligarchy, with the power in the hands of the wealthy landowners). ...read more.

Conclusion

So society faced a lot of turbulence at this time. Internationally the situation seemed better for Britain, the defeat of France had pushed Britain's prestige even and along with a booming economy and a large empire, Britain was the most powerful country in the world. Notwithstanding the war the France, Britain usually tried to keep out of European affairs, the kept a policy of 'splendid isolation', looking after themselves and their colonies. But sometimes Britain had to get involved, they had fought the war against France to keep the power balanced in France, to make sure no one country got too powerful and affected Britain's prime position in the world. Britain also had to get involved occasionally to further her trading interests, as at the time Europe was the biggest buyer of Britain's exports. Britain also had to protect its political interests, supporting liberalism and nationalism, which meant it, got into disagreements with autocratic governments like Austro-Hungary and Russia. Britain also became involved in the scramble for the colonisation of Africa, which later added to Britain having the biggest empire the world had ever seen. So in 1815 Britain had begun to go through a period of change, especially the industrial revolution which was to change Britain totally and affected Britain's society, politics and international situation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Multicultural Britain

    In 1971, it was about 1 million. It is now about 4 million or 7% of the population of England and Wales. It will, at least for a period, grow rapidly because of natural increase and continuous immigration. Births to all mothers born outside the UK were 14% of the total in 1999.

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    Capacity constraints such as a lack of well-educated and highly motivated people can severely compromise the positive role civil society can play in combating corruption. A Word of Caution: Accountability and Legitimacy Issues Civil Society Organizations (CSOS are not democratically elected.

  1. How Far Was Lord Liverpool's Government Directly Responsible for the popular unrest in the ...

    The Government had been incapable of effectively resolving the issue. However, public hostility was all that ministers had to fear, the threat of radical uprising had diminished as all the inspirational leaders for change had been imprisoned, and any attempted protest was powerfully suppressed.

  2. Separation of church and State

    One meaning which seems to be general meaning is "A system of social ethics based upon a doctrine that ethical standards and conduct should be determined exclusively with reference to present life and social well-being without reference to religion"(Hussain, Irfan).

  1. Was Britain changed forever by the impact of World War one?

    They changed their way of dressing and behaving. They cut hair short, smoked cigarettes and drank cocktails. Source F from the home front research booklet shows the new style of dressing called the flapper style. In December 1917, a bill was passed giving the vote to all women over 30

  2. The Revolution of 1905 in Russia

    Russia was at war with Japan at this time, yet many felt Russian autocracy rather than Japan was the real enemy. The inevitable political explosion was in fact precipitated by the assassination of Plehve and the appointment of Sviatapolk-Mirsky as Plehve's successor in August 1904.

  1. Democracy's Biggest Fan Speaks.

    Firstly, because democratic, social and political arguements take precedence. Secondly, because certain elements of the Queen's expenditure would continue with an elected President. And thirdly, because the money spent on the Windsors is a trifling fraction of the Government's overall budget. However, I am certain that becoming a republic would save the country a little money and that that money could be better and more justifiably utilised elsewhere.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    Returning peasant soldiers, with the support of the Catholics, seized common land. The Liberals were becoming associated with instability, inefficiency and poor living standards. They were alienating large sections of the lower classes as Italy appeared to lurch from one crisis to the next.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work