• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the essential differences between the beliefs of the Conservatives and Liberals in the first half of the 19th century?

Extracts from this document...


What were the essential differences between the beliefs of the Conservatives and Liberals in the first half of the 19th century? In the 1830s, the terms 'Conservative' and 'Liberal' began to challenge the terms 'Whig' and 'Tory'. The first use of the word 'Conservative' was to describe the Tory party in an article in January 1830, in the early stages of the Reform Bill. The displacement of Whigs by Liberals happened differently than the 'Conservatives' and took a long time to establish itself properly. The term 'Whig' still remains today to describe particular political characteristics. 'Liberal' was used to describe a political attitude in general rather than one party in particular. In the 1830s onwards, parties stood for broad principles, rather than specific policies. In the 1840s, the beginning of Peel's ministry, it became clear what these principles were. Conservatives had a great respect for the Monarchy in the British political system. The monarch was allowed to exert real power - there could be no questioning of the authority in the country. Queen Victoria selected her own ministers and the Government was Her Majesty's Government. ...read more.


However, Whig-Liberal beliefs were not always as clear-cut as Conservative ones. There was a greater acceptance of reform and amendment of the political system than the Conservatives. Earl Grey, the Prime minister at the time argued that the Reform Act was 'the most aristocratic measure ever put before Parliament'. Even though this remark was designed to win over waverers to the cause of parliamentary reform, it reflected his belief that change was necessary in order to preserve the essentials of the political system. The land-owning aristocracy were the given rulers of the country due to their background, education and wealth. The stability of the country depended upon a land-owning class who had sufficient stake in the system to act in its best interests. Landowners desires would always take precedence over the manufacturing or commercial interest. The landed classes and House of Lords both depended on the hereditary system - titles and land were inherited in their entirety by the eldest sons. The Liberals were more open minded in allowing the middle classes into the political framework. ...read more.


The Liberals wanted less emphasis on the privileges of the Church of England and more attention to religious liberty. Liberals were more in favour of nonconformist denominations and sometimes the Roman Catholics - they were starting to believe in 'equality of opportunity for all', regardless of which Christian denomination an individual belonged to. This was connected with a concern to use the propertied wealth of the Church for the wider good, for example in education. The acceptance of the commercial industry and urban changes through which Britain was going led to a concern with such issues. There was great respect for the British constitution - a British protestant monarch was head of a national church and an English-based land-owning aristocracy with many estates in Wales, Scotland and Ireland was seen as part of one United Kingdom. After the extension of the vote in 1832, the House of commons was becoming accepted. Whilst the privileges of the church of England were to be maintained, there was to be religious toleration for other churches. However, there was still suspicion of Roman Catholics as foreign agents. Catholic emancipation was passed in 1829. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Representation and Democracy in Britain 1830 – 1931

    The first of these was the Franchise Act of 1884. In this act the Franchise was extended to all male householders. This increased the size of the Franchise from 3.1 million to 5.7 million. However, this does not mean that all that all male householders got the vote as not all males owned homes.

  2. Gandhi's beliefs.

    This made Gandhi even more determined to develop satyagraha. In 1930, Gandhi led hundreds of followers on a 300-kilometre march to the sea, where they made salt from seawater. This was a protest against the Salt Acts, which made it a crime to possess salt not bought from the government.

  1. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    The influence of Western capitalism horrified the Slavophils. It was not the technological advances that worried them - many of them were in fact improving landlords - but they hated the idea of a landless proletariat divorced from any prospect of landowning.

  2. Civil Service Reform.

    or turnover targets (e.g. 90 per cent of driving licences to be issued within thirteen days, passport applications to be processed within an average of nine working days).'('The Management of Central Government Services', in 'Politics UK') Robert Pyper in ''The British Civil Service', says there are four main types of target: quality, financial, efficiency and throughput.

  1. Why did the Conservatives remain in power from 1951 to 1964?

    However, this recovery was more due to external factors, particularly the end of the Korean War and a marked fall in import prices, than to his own policies. The initial success was the prelude to a period of economic expansion.

  2. Why were the Conservatives more successful than the Liberals in maintaining themselves in power ...

    The Conservative's party organisation also helped them to maintain power. The Conservative Party machine had the job of capturing the votes of the traditional upper class British, from who it drew funding, the lower middle classes, who provided most of its constituency workers, and around a third of the working class, needed for electoral success.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    The effects of the French Revolution on Malta. The order of St. John consisted of 8 different langues, were 3 of them were of French basis, such as the Langue of Auvergne, Langue of France and the Langue of Provence.


    'man who won the war', and as a result the Conservatives hope to profit from the PM's popularity. It could be said that the main reason for his political decline was due to him being trapped in a political limbo or no mans land, as he was in an inherently unstable position.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work