• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the problems facing Liberal Italyin 1919?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What were the problems facing Liberal Italy in 1919? There were a number of problems facing Italy during this period. The crisis of the liberal state as it underwent a process of significant transformation, which started with a process of modernization and lead to the totalitarian fascist state. Firstly, prolonged economic instability by war debts and reparation payments due to the 1st World War caused economic chaos. The cost of keeping soldiers armed and fed also laid a heavy burden on the Italian treasury. The value of money and interest rates were very stable but financing the War by borrowing and printing money caused inflation. This was terrible news for people who lived off fixed incomes and savings for the middle class was destroyed. People feared that the capitalist system was breaking down. ...read more.

Middle

but believed that the allies had failed on a promise to give them more land, particularly Fiume. The Italians, many whom hadn't wanted war in the first place, saw Italy as having a "mutilated victory" in the 1st World War. The Pope, amongst others, was very bitter about the loss of land and instructed all Catholics to take no part in politics. Women, despite having contributed massively to the war effort, also continued to be excluded from the political process. Subsequently, the soldiers that had fought so bravely in the Great War who believed they were coming home to glory instead got disappointment. The land that they were promised was not provided and they would have found that even the battlefield itself had changed. ...read more.

Conclusion

and the PPI (popolari, the Catholic Party). This meant that traditional political groups such as the Liberals no longer had a secure hold on power. The PSI had radicalized; large-scale strikes occurred; factories were occupied by red guards and the years 1919-1920 were referred to as the 'red years' - the two years of socialist anarchy. In these years Italy's government changed frequently. One of the nationalist critics of the government was Gabriele D'Annunzio writer who in September 1919, with a handful of supporters marched into Fiume and took over the government there. As a result of this, at 1920 no leader had the country under much control as rebels broke the law where and when they wanted to. The threat of socialist revolution could emerge, there was political instability with the frequent change of governments, and none of the politicians seemed to know how to re-establish law and order. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The debate over immigration and French identity is one of the most controversial questions ...

    This doctrine stand for the unification of men through similar backgrounds, professions, social positions, religions, ideologies or interests. Interwar frence didn't connote a lack of unifying factors, certainly regarding to foreigners and women, but these didn't bring them closer together or gave them any sort of "class conscious".

  2. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    It was seen above how women tended to be involved in the demand for justice for war crimes. This has to do with how a woman who had been affected by the war/conflict perceives the issue of justice. For them it attains the top most priority since the restitution of

  1. Japanese Political Timeline (1919).

    After Manchuria was conquered, The Chinese were left without option but to sign the Truce of Tangku, in order to prevent further expansion by the Kwantung Army (Japanese). The League of Nations and foreigner with their investmens in China (represented here by the scared "foreign interest" man), did nothing to help discipline Japanese's act of aggression and was scared.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    � Even more Italians turned to socialism due to the debilitating economic problems that the war caused. Prices had quadrupled during the war and Italians blamed the Liberal government - the government had simply printed too much lire (Italian money)

  1. The Problems Facing the Newly United Italy in 1870.

    This lack of money also increased the problem with foreign policy and Italy wanting to become a Great Power. To be a Great Power like England and Germany you needed money. This would be spent on improving the army and navy, which were an important part of the country's status.

  2. How far had the Liberal Governments of Italy gone to solve Italy's problems by ...

    In retaliation the Pope ordered that Catholics should not vote or stand as candidates in national elections many Catholics obeyed this instruction and the government continued to alienate more people from the democratic process. Italy had terrible economic and communication problems; Italy's mountainous geography and under-developed transport network meant that communication and movement of people was difficult.

  1. To what extent had Liberal Italy satisfied the needs of Italians by 1914?

    The Pope as well as being head of the Catholic Church had been the ruler of the Papal States covering central Italy. But, between 1861 and 1870 when unification took place most of the land that the Pope was in control of was taken away from him, he was left with just the Vatican City.

  2. What were the main problems facing the new states of central Europein the interwar ...

    His aim was to introduce a government which would face up to the social, economic and military problems which the 'coalitions by coalitions' had failed to address previously. However by 1926 national minorities, intelligentsia and those who anticipated more from their new national state were disaffected.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work