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What Were the Reasons for the Early Weaknesses of the Weimar Republic

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Introduction

What Were the Reasons for the Early Weaknesses of the Weimar Republic Germany suffered a great tragedy during its clash with various European countries, which became the First World War, the biggest war of its time. An unanticipated defeat led the Germans leading them into an age of darkness. A government was formed under the umbrella of democracy at this time when huge opposition, anger and division were rampant in German society: due to the defeat of WW1. Germany was torn apart due to the political penalty left by defeat. The old government who fled in fear handed over the power of governance to the new government, later known as the Weimar republic. The Weimar republic was often referred to as the 'November Criminals' for what the public were made to believe and their obvious mentality towards them; they were portrayed as the perpetrators of war and the blame of World War 1 fell upon them, this political deception was later known as the 'stab in the back.' The treaty of Versailles was the initial point of Germany's chain of weaknesses. This 'enforced' treaty was an unforgivable blow to the pride and honour of Germany and it's people. The misguided people of Germany were under the perception that the war weighed heavier in their favour, through clever manipulative media propaganda, to the people's shock Germany was 'forced' to sign a harsh peace treaty after an unexpected defeat. ...read more.

Middle

Arracks from the left had left the government with few options; attacks from the right were bound to happen. And it did, now the government was in a dilemma, they could not call upon the army, a right winged army would not fight another right winged party or kill their 'own' people. The Kapp takeover, 5000 ex-marines marched and occupied buildings in Berlin declaring their nationalism, they soon won support from army leaders and people. The government called upon the workers of Berlin for a strike. This subsequently meant Germany came to a 'stand-still' stopping all forms of transport and business to stop in Berlin. Kapp eventually resigned. This left the government successful without the aid of an army, but now the army was considered untrustworthy. Weaknesses appeared in the courts of Berlin, the judges seemed to be in favour of the right winged party. Politically the country may be devastated but physiologically the country was scarred for eternity. Germany had lost over 2 Million fathers, husband and sons not to mention the 3/4 million civilians that starved. 'So it had all been in vain. In vain all the sacrifices,' the bitterness of Hitler's words represents the bitterness of the entire country. Defeat came and stabbed them from behind, having been engrossed and hammered with propaganda of Germany's victory; the country could not tolerate such humiliation but above all utter defeat. ...read more.

Conclusion

Least affected were the upper class people whose possession were a means of survival for them not to mention they were already wealth. The Weimar Republic responded by introducing a new currency abolishing the old mark thus making all old marks worthless. These actions introduced newfound bitterness amongst Germany's people adding to their already bitter attitudes. To summarise, the conjoined effects of political, physiological and economical had left Germany shattered, divided and bitter. When one consequence could have destroyed a country, three joined efforts devastated Germany. Politically Germany was being pressured from the left and the right, the government did not want to come under the flag of either country but to stay as democratic as it is. It seems they cannot fight such oppositions forever. Economically Germany was going down an extremely slippery slop, the Mark's value was plummeting, unemployment was rising and starvation was rampaging Germany. Reparation weren't forgiven although Germany was in such a state. Physiologically the people's mind would never appreciate this government nor will they forgive them, World War 1 had left them brutalised. This experience would not disappear from the annals of history nor will would the people adapt the democracy and way of life the Weimar Republic has brought. These early weaknesses were a sign of the government's future, it would be a very short and hard life governed in vain. ?? ?? ?? ?? Mansoor Khan Page 1 of 3 ...read more.

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