• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

When Mao and the Communist party came into power, there were many problems to solve

Extracts from this document...


2002-10-09 Laura Schutte 11LFS China Coursework When Mao and the Communist party came into power, there were many problems to solve. The country was poverty stricken because landowners made the peasants pay high rents on property and land. Both people and the cities were unclean and unhealthy, because of "bad habits" and the lack of education. China was stuck in a rut and needed modernising. China needed to industrialise, so they would catch up with the Western world. Also, if they were to build heavy industry, it would solve the problem of unemployment and homelessness. The people of China were unequal both in class and gender. Over half of China's population were peasants, and all earned poor wages compared to landowners and businessmen. Usually, only men would be educated and also if a girl was born into a family, they would kill it and try to have a boy as they knew a male would be able to support them better than a female. When China was run by capitalists, they were very much influenced by foreign countries. Mao wanted to change this because he felt that China should be independent. Mao wanted to introduce China to the principles of communism. The political principles of the Communist Party were: * There should be equality between people * There should be no privileged class of people * There should be no private ownership * There should be no private profit or inherited wealth * Everyone should work for the common good of the people and the state * The state should control all economic, cultural and political life until a perfect state of communism should develop The Communists had different policies in the town and country. A policy of land reform was put into place in the countryside. This is when the landowners were removed from the land and the land was redistributed among the peasants. ...read more.


They should reject domination by the West, refuse all contact with the west and eliminate western influences. "After 1949 Chinese foreign policy had two main purposes: the desire not to be dominated or humiliated by any other foreign power, and an obsessive concern for the security of Chinese borders." (Extract - 'China: Portrait of a Superpower' by Long and Oates 1981) In the 1950s, China was involved in the Cold War, against US and USSR. The United States was an ally of the GMD (Guomindang), a nationalist party, in Taiwan. The US disallowed China to enter into the United Nations and would no longer trade with them. They were worried about the 'domino effect', otherwise known as the spread of communism. (Refer to figure 1 - pg...) When Deng Xiaoping took over, President Nixon of the USA started talking to the Chinese again. Deng visited the USA and President Nixon visited China. This was the start of foreign relations. Deng wanted to open up a relationship with the west. Deng was a strong communist but believed China would not be able to modernise if the did not open up to foreign countries. In 1977, China took over Hong Kong from Britain and opened up more links with capitalism. "...China was becoming less isolated and more willing to talk to other countries. We started to deal with countries and the basis of their actions, not their ideas. The interests of the US and China don't seem to collide anymore." (Adapted from President Nixon's Foreign Policy report to Congress, 1973) China normalised her relationship with the USA in 2000/1 and joined the WTO (World Trade Organisation) this year (2002). China still ignores all foreign condemnation of their human rights record and still doesn't make alliances with other powers. They still want to integrate Taiwan into China. Most recently, involving the attack against Iraq for September 11th, China has stayed neutral in the matter and has not decided whether they are for or against attacking Iraq. ...read more.


The party that controls China at the moment is the CP or Capitalist Party. The party wants to conserve their authority on the country. The rich people support the CP because of ability in social control which makes money. Many countries, such as Hong Kong, put bases in China as there was a lot of cheap labour there and many people were desperate for these jobs to earn more money. I feel that there will soon be a demand for more democracy as China is still reasonably oppressed. These people that are more likely to demand this are the younger people and peasants as they are both becoming more aware of western propaganda. I believe there will be another revolution in China because, as I repeat, it is still oppressed. The peasants are certain to cause the revolution as there have been many complaints about their state of living. Also, the rich might get involved about the fact that only one baby is allowed in each Chinese family. I am positive that China will affect the rest of the world's economy because of there cheap labour. Some examples of this are the fact that Prudential are moving to India and Avon is moving to Eastern Europe for the same reasons. One example, close to home, is that the famous makers of Doc Martens, R. Griggs, from Northampton are moving to China for the cheap labour. This has caused over 700 shoe workers to become unemployed. "But this week they stunned the nation by announcing that the low cost of Chinese workers was an irresistible attraction for the firm's accountants." (Northants on Sunday, 27 October) This situation is not only happening in Northampton, but all over the world, which means many people are now unemployed. I fear for the eventual backlash to these moves in our own country, Great Britain. I wonder if people today think as my grandparents did when they saw "Made in China" that it was cheap, cheerful rubbish. My thoughts are will this cheap labour really be "cheap labour" after all the economic questions, in economic and humane terms. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays


    As arbitration, the wall stands as a referee to protect innocent Jews from being slaughtered. Moreover, the wall is not being built on land that was agreed. This gives the Palestinians an impression of the Israelis to be a greedy bunch.

  2. Has Spain’s system of Autonomous Communities created more problems than it has solved?

    these conflicts are first solvable and secondly conflicts imply a democratic situations in which objective different interests are expressed. Some of these increasingly overlapping responsibilities required cooperation between the regions and the center, which brought about a dialogue between the two to the forefront.

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    This was known as the 'Great Leap Forward'. Part of the Great Leap Forward was to organise the Chinese people into Communes. The speed at which they did this was astounding. By the end of 1958, 700 million people had been placed into 26,578 communes, which held about 5000 families each.

  2. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    The Maltese realised and tried to escape; yet the majority of them were caught and sentenced to death. The French discovered the involvement of Lorenzi and Dun Mikiel Xerri who was considered to be the mastermind of the scheme. At the end of January 1799 these patriots were all killed.

  1. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    In china there were very few machines to use on the new large-scale farms. In any case there was no point in getting machines to take over more and more peasants, because there was just not enough work for the peasants to do in the cities.

  2. In the following areas: Political, Social and Economic, have the people of China had ...

    The death of Mao led to a relaxed feeling among certain reformists, who either consciously or sub-consciously must have believed that no one would stop them voicing their views. Hence "Democracy Wall" sprung up and was, for some reason, allowed for a while (probably because Deng was deciding what to do about it).

  1. When disputing over international borders of relations it is very common for history to ...

    The Tibetans submitted to Mongol rule peacefully. While the Chinese fought and lost in both their northern and southern provinces. The Chinese historians' claim that at his point Tibet was "officially incorporated into the territory of China's Yuan Dynasty" (China White Paper, p.3).

  2. To what extents can the events of 1905 in Russia be considered a revolution.

    The Social Revolutionary Party: While the Social Democratic Party appealed to the workers for support, a new party arose, which appealed to the peasants for support. This was the Social Revolutionary Party. Like the Social Democratic Party, the Social Revolutionaries believed in an imminent bourgeois revolution and the subsequent overthrow of the bourgeois government by a socialist revolution.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work