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When Mao and the Communist party came into power, there were many problems to solve

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Introduction

2002-10-09 Laura Schutte 11LFS China Coursework When Mao and the Communist party came into power, there were many problems to solve. The country was poverty stricken because landowners made the peasants pay high rents on property and land. Both people and the cities were unclean and unhealthy, because of "bad habits" and the lack of education. China was stuck in a rut and needed modernising. China needed to industrialise, so they would catch up with the Western world. Also, if they were to build heavy industry, it would solve the problem of unemployment and homelessness. The people of China were unequal both in class and gender. Over half of China's population were peasants, and all earned poor wages compared to landowners and businessmen. Usually, only men would be educated and also if a girl was born into a family, they would kill it and try to have a boy as they knew a male would be able to support them better than a female. When China was run by capitalists, they were very much influenced by foreign countries. Mao wanted to change this because he felt that China should be independent. Mao wanted to introduce China to the principles of communism. The political principles of the Communist Party were: * There should be equality between people * There should be no privileged class of people * There should be no private ownership * There should be no private profit or inherited wealth * Everyone should work for the common good of the people and the state * The state should control all economic, cultural and political life until a perfect state of communism should develop The Communists had different policies in the town and country. A policy of land reform was put into place in the countryside. This is when the landowners were removed from the land and the land was redistributed among the peasants. ...read more.

Middle

They should reject domination by the West, refuse all contact with the west and eliminate western influences. "After 1949 Chinese foreign policy had two main purposes: the desire not to be dominated or humiliated by any other foreign power, and an obsessive concern for the security of Chinese borders." (Extract - 'China: Portrait of a Superpower' by Long and Oates 1981) In the 1950s, China was involved in the Cold War, against US and USSR. The United States was an ally of the GMD (Guomindang), a nationalist party, in Taiwan. The US disallowed China to enter into the United Nations and would no longer trade with them. They were worried about the 'domino effect', otherwise known as the spread of communism. (Refer to figure 1 - pg...) When Deng Xiaoping took over, President Nixon of the USA started talking to the Chinese again. Deng visited the USA and President Nixon visited China. This was the start of foreign relations. Deng wanted to open up a relationship with the west. Deng was a strong communist but believed China would not be able to modernise if the did not open up to foreign countries. In 1977, China took over Hong Kong from Britain and opened up more links with capitalism. "...China was becoming less isolated and more willing to talk to other countries. We started to deal with countries and the basis of their actions, not their ideas. The interests of the US and China don't seem to collide anymore." (Adapted from President Nixon's Foreign Policy report to Congress, 1973) China normalised her relationship with the USA in 2000/1 and joined the WTO (World Trade Organisation) this year (2002). China still ignores all foreign condemnation of their human rights record and still doesn't make alliances with other powers. They still want to integrate Taiwan into China. Most recently, involving the attack against Iraq for September 11th, China has stayed neutral in the matter and has not decided whether they are for or against attacking Iraq. ...read more.

Conclusion

The party that controls China at the moment is the CP or Capitalist Party. The party wants to conserve their authority on the country. The rich people support the CP because of ability in social control which makes money. Many countries, such as Hong Kong, put bases in China as there was a lot of cheap labour there and many people were desperate for these jobs to earn more money. I feel that there will soon be a demand for more democracy as China is still reasonably oppressed. These people that are more likely to demand this are the younger people and peasants as they are both becoming more aware of western propaganda. I believe there will be another revolution in China because, as I repeat, it is still oppressed. The peasants are certain to cause the revolution as there have been many complaints about their state of living. Also, the rich might get involved about the fact that only one baby is allowed in each Chinese family. I am positive that China will affect the rest of the world's economy because of there cheap labour. Some examples of this are the fact that Prudential are moving to India and Avon is moving to Eastern Europe for the same reasons. One example, close to home, is that the famous makers of Doc Martens, R. Griggs, from Northampton are moving to China for the cheap labour. This has caused over 700 shoe workers to become unemployed. "But this week they stunned the nation by announcing that the low cost of Chinese workers was an irresistible attraction for the firm's accountants." (Northants on Sunday, 27 October) This situation is not only happening in Northampton, but all over the world, which means many people are now unemployed. I fear for the eventual backlash to these moves in our own country, Great Britain. I wonder if people today think as my grandparents did when they saw "Made in China" that it was cheap, cheerful rubbish. My thoughts are will this cheap labour really be "cheap labour" after all the economic questions, in economic and humane terms. ...read more.

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