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Why did Apartheid come to an end in 1994?

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Introduction

Why did Apartheid come to an end in 1994? Apartheid continued to develop in the years after the implementation of the nine major acts, put in place to further enforce Apartheid. However, soon the element of defiance would come to the nations attention, as people began to realise that by pulling together they could overcome their terrible restrictions. This essay will discuss the long term and short term factors which concluded in the abandonment of apartheid in 1994, these include economic, internal and international factors, black, Asian, white and coloured influences, and the actions of individuals. The first of the long-term factors was the revival of the African National Congress in 1944, by Dr A. B Xuma who became president of the ANC in 1940 and secured the organisations finances, attracting new younger members who formed the ANC youth league. The youth league included Walter Sisulu, Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela. These powerful individuals were all intellectuals although they came from peasant backgrounds. Their involvement in the ANC strengthened the organisation, and gave it power to help the repressed races protest against the injustices done to them. Nelson Mandela would also become one of the greatest shorter factors to cause the end of Aparthied. By the end of 1943 the ANC was ready to give more effective black resistance than ever before. ...read more.

Middle

The Freedom Charter was important because as Nelson Mandela Said " it captured the hopes and dreams of the people, and acted as a blueprint for the liberation and struggle and the future on the nation ". I allowed people to believe that their hopes for the future could come true (see source 2). The Freedom Charter unfortunately did not only have a positive outcome, the negative side was the treason trials which saw 156 people from all races and all walks of life accused of treason, and then proved innocent. This had both a positive and negative impact on the defiance as it further united the oppressed races, and a negative effect because it prevented many of resistance leaders from taking part in protest, and they were seriously weakened in the perspective. The next event was the most shocking and had a hug impact on South Africa and the rest of the world. In 1950, 5000 people from the ANC and pnc arrived at Sharpville police station. The crowd became hostile and those at the front trampled the barriers, the policemen panicked and began to shoot into the crowd. 69 innocent people were killed, and 180 were wounded. Some say it was due to the fact that the ANC and PNC were trying to upstage each other and this resulted in a bustle. ...read more.

Conclusion

They withdrew the apart laws and that same year abolished the Apartheid system. I believe that this was due to many factors that built the strength and power of the black resistance more and more until they gained more power than the dominant whites and were able to overthrow them and the laws that restricted them. The most important of these factors was the work of Nelson Mandela, as it captures the hopes and dreams of the nation and united them to make them stronger. Also because his strength and determination inspired his followers and made them stronger to resist the afflictions placed upon them. Once the government noticed the end was inevitable they decided to give up and keep their dignity. So I conclude that apartheid come to an end in 1994, because due to may different events the strength of the resistance grew stronger and stronger along with their hopes and dreams these dreams were captured by nelson Mandela and other prominent individuals who convinced the oppressed races that their dreams could become a reality, if they did not give up. When Nelson Mandela was put in prison the resistance suffered a consolidation in defiance. However soon the power of Nelson Mandela was remembered and from then on the public longed for his power once again. When he released the resistance become unstoppable to conserve peace the government abolished apartheid. ...read more.

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