• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Apartheid come to an end in 1994?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Apartheid come to an end in 1994? Apartheid continued to develop in the years after the implementation of the nine major acts, put in place to further enforce Apartheid. However, soon the element of defiance would come to the nations attention, as people began to realise that by pulling together they could overcome their terrible restrictions. This essay will discuss the long term and short term factors which concluded in the abandonment of apartheid in 1994, these include economic, internal and international factors, black, Asian, white and coloured influences, and the actions of individuals. The first of the long-term factors was the revival of the African National Congress in 1944, by Dr A. B Xuma who became president of the ANC in 1940 and secured the organisations finances, attracting new younger members who formed the ANC youth league. The youth league included Walter Sisulu, Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela. These powerful individuals were all intellectuals although they came from peasant backgrounds. Their involvement in the ANC strengthened the organisation, and gave it power to help the repressed races protest against the injustices done to them. Nelson Mandela would also become one of the greatest shorter factors to cause the end of Aparthied. By the end of 1943 the ANC was ready to give more effective black resistance than ever before. ...read more.

Middle

The Freedom Charter was important because as Nelson Mandela Said " it captured the hopes and dreams of the people, and acted as a blueprint for the liberation and struggle and the future on the nation ". I allowed people to believe that their hopes for the future could come true (see source 2). The Freedom Charter unfortunately did not only have a positive outcome, the negative side was the treason trials which saw 156 people from all races and all walks of life accused of treason, and then proved innocent. This had both a positive and negative impact on the defiance as it further united the oppressed races, and a negative effect because it prevented many of resistance leaders from taking part in protest, and they were seriously weakened in the perspective. The next event was the most shocking and had a hug impact on South Africa and the rest of the world. In 1950, 5000 people from the ANC and pnc arrived at Sharpville police station. The crowd became hostile and those at the front trampled the barriers, the policemen panicked and began to shoot into the crowd. 69 innocent people were killed, and 180 were wounded. Some say it was due to the fact that the ANC and PNC were trying to upstage each other and this resulted in a bustle. ...read more.

Conclusion

They withdrew the apart laws and that same year abolished the Apartheid system. I believe that this was due to many factors that built the strength and power of the black resistance more and more until they gained more power than the dominant whites and were able to overthrow them and the laws that restricted them. The most important of these factors was the work of Nelson Mandela, as it captures the hopes and dreams of the nation and united them to make them stronger. Also because his strength and determination inspired his followers and made them stronger to resist the afflictions placed upon them. Once the government noticed the end was inevitable they decided to give up and keep their dignity. So I conclude that apartheid come to an end in 1994, because due to may different events the strength of the resistance grew stronger and stronger along with their hopes and dreams these dreams were captured by nelson Mandela and other prominent individuals who convinced the oppressed races that their dreams could become a reality, if they did not give up. When Nelson Mandela was put in prison the resistance suffered a consolidation in defiance. However soon the power of Nelson Mandela was remembered and from then on the public longed for his power once again. When he released the resistance become unstoppable to conserve peace the government abolished apartheid. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    apartheid by banning them from the Commonwealth Games, Olympics and Cricket World Cup. However it didn't work as the blacks were treated the same. These restrictions caused white South Africans to realise just how isolated they had become due to apartheid.

  2. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    The Black political organisations were banned and their leaders went into exile or were arrested. In this climate, the ANC and PAC abandoned their long-standing commitment to non-violent resistance and turned to armed struggle, combined with underground organisation and mobilisation as well as mobilisation of international solidarity.

  1. Comparative Analysis: The churches and their affect on society and politics in the cases ...

    In 1981 President Reagan proposed the idea of linking the implementation of UNSCR 435 to the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola. UNSCR 435 proposed UN assistance for the transition of Namibia to independence. As a result of political agitation from the CCN who denounced this 'linking policy', and the

  2. South Africa - Apartheid Sources Questions

    only' carriages on trains, they also demanded to be served at 'white only' counters in post offices and broke the pass laws. The Defiance Campaign lasted one year in which 8,000 protesters were arrested. Although this did not succeed in changing the laws, it won black protesters a lot of publicity for the anti-apartheid campaign.

  1. Apartheid in South Africa.

    firearms used against the police, which is why they opened fire so as to 'prevent more tragic results'. This gives the impression that the police cared about the protesters and that they did not want to open fire, however, if they really did not want to open fire, then they should have fond some other way of controlling the crowds.

  2. Turning points in Nelson Mandela's life

    Also many countries were worried that it would be them next so kept their mouths shut and feelings shut away. Sporting sanctions were put in place. South African loved their sports so the world hoped that they would stop apartheid by banning them from the Commonwealth Games, Olympics and Cricket World Cup.

  1. The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of ...

    urged whites to step down - probably would not have happened; black countries may not have joined the UN and the OAU and the Lusaka Manifesto might not have been drawn up. Ergo, African Nationalism was incredibly important in ending apartheid, and it inspired Mandela heavily.

  2. South Africa 1945-1994: Was Nelson Mandela a Terrorist? What was the Cartoonist's View of ...

    trying to retaliate and this is one of the points in the cartoon. That even though Mandela has been brought down the black community is still strong and there is still a strong opposition towards apartheid. Another reason why the cartoonist may have held this view is because he has

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work