• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Delegates from 12 States Meet in Philadelphia in 1787

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Delegates from 12 States Meet in Philadelphia in 1787 In 1763 the "Peace of Paris" conference ended the expensive war fought between Britain and France. Britain was victorious in the war and many Americans fought for Britain, the colonists' were proud to be part of the British Empire. The colonies across America were very divided and almost separate countries, but the general sentiment was pride at being a part of the British Empire. The war with France, although establishing Britain as the dominant force in these new territories, removing the French from North America, was a very expensive ordeal and left Britain in debt. The British felt that, as the war was protecting the American colonies, the colonists' should pay towards it through taxes save face. The first direct taxes that the British enforced on the colonists' was the Stamp Act in March 1765 this and other attempts to tighten political and economic control led to calls of "taxation without representation" from the colonists'. ...read more.

Middle

The colonists labelled this as the "Boston Massacre" and used it as propaganda against the imperial rule. On the same day as the so-called "Massacre" the new Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord North, removed the duties Townshend had placed on colonial imports except for the one on tea. This was in order to demonstrate the "supremacy of Parliament" once again an example of the British backing down to the colonists' complaints, and leaving the duties on tea was another attempt to save face. In December 1773 colonists' decided that the import tax on tea was unconstitutional and in Boston a group of men disguised as Indians, boarded the tea ships and threw their cargoes into the harbour. This "Boston Tea Party" rallied support across America and symbolised the feelings of a large proportion of the people, uniting them. This is supported by the fact that in 1774 representatives from 12 colonies met in Philadelphia at the "Continental Congress" and denied that they were subject to the authority of British Parliament, though not denying the supremacy of the Crown. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was feared that with a weak central government the states would be picked off one by one by the European powers in the area and their fight ffor independence would have been in vain. The diversity of laws and taxes between states made trade difficult and was not economically sound. So in September 1786, The Annapolis Convention was held with five states being represented, calling for a general convention to be held to address the current problems, American businesses were failing because of competition from foreign imports and debt ridden states were forced to heavily tax hard pressed farmers resulting in revolts. In the Annapolis convention Hamilton (a young lawyer who called for and wrote the resulting notes from the convention) does not discuss any of the specific problems with the weaknesses in the central government so as not to deter any States from attending the Philadelphia Convention. He emphasizes the importance of the Philadelphia Convention by repeating what he says 3 times On May 14 1787 the Philadelphia convention opened, with the purpose to revise the Articles of Confederation in order to strengthen the central government. Created by Richard Price Created on 08/10/2002 19:36 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. DanielO’Connell – 1775 – 1847

    > The 1821 catholic emancipation Bill In Ireland too during this period the Catholic cause made little headway. The leaders of the Emancipation campaign, who were mainly members of the Roman Catholic upper class, were unwilling to seek active popular support and were cautious and conciliatory in their dealings with the authorities.

  2. Assess the Extent to which the Different Powers Prepared 'Their' African Colonies for Independence.

    Underneath Sir John Mac Pherson and Chief Secretary Hugh Foot Nigeria was taken out of social and political instability without the use of huge military force. A constitution, created by Mac Pherson, kept the three differing regions together by giving each an Assembly based on complex systems of indirect elections and manhood suffrage.

  1. The Drug Policy in the United States

    They've done this by teaching the basics about drug policy laws, and the basics about the effects that drugs have on the body and brain in elementary schools. They have also raised awareness by putting up public posters for all to see and allowing public service announcements about drugs to be aired to the public.

  2. On November 15, 1777, the Continental Congress, after painstaking debate, passed the Articles of ...

    This suggests that it was the entire people that were on the side against the idea. The majority of the people felt this way, and so it should have been first priority of the government to oblige to such wishes not to continue with the Articles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work