• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? Indeed in Britain at the start of the war, the British government expected that here would be heavy raids on the big cities. Between the 1 and 3 September 1939 over 1.5 children, pregnant women and disabled people were evacuated to rural areas in mainland Britain. In Northern Ireland the government had made three attempts to evacuate people from Belfast. Unfortunately such was the complacency and strong belief that Northern Ireland would not be bombed, very few people availed themselves of the opportunities open to them. Three days before the big raid on Easter Tuesday, only 3,000 adults had registered to evacuate. The British Government feared the threat of German bombing in the cities and this made them decided to evacuate all children from the cities to the countryside. ...read more.


Although parents didn't want their children going away from them, they had no other choice, as death would be the outcome if they stay. Children often arrived at their destinations dirty, hungry and homesick, to discover that families on whom they were to be billeted would only take those who looked cheerful, neat and tidy. As part of the governments plans to protect children through evacuation, 9 areas were listed to be evacuated. These were big cities and ports e.g. London, Manchester, Liverpool. Cities such as Glasgow and Belfast were not to be evacuated. This was because the government believed enemy bombers would not be able to fly that far but they were wrong. Evacuation certainly provided relatively safe homes for Britain's wartime children as the country's cities experienced heavy bombing by the German Luftwaffe. ...read more.


Britain needed to have more weapons in order to defend themselves and that was exactly what happened during the period of evacuation. More and more parents had much more time to do war work like working in the ammunitions, which contributed very much to the war effort. Source D states the government's desire to take children out of the 'danger zone-where desperate peril may come at any minute'. Therefore protection. The government wasn't being pushed to enforce evacuation. They did it through their own desire to protect the future generation. This same source also states how children will be 'healthier and happier'. Whilst not a principal reason, cold be a minor factor. Although parents didn't like the idea, the government saw it as the only priorities, which in the end, helped, save lots of young lives. The government showed how committed and caring they were for the children and not only the children but the older generation as well. Anthony .A. Abladey 11 W d ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Why did the liberal government (1906-1912) decide to fight poverty? Source based work.

    'The liberal government introduced welfare reforms only because they were afraid of the labour party' explain whether or not you agree with this interpretation. The liberal government introduced a lot of new socialist reforms. They started to take care of the poor children.

  2. Question A: Why Did The British Government Decide To Evacuate Children In The Early ...

    People believed for every ton of bombs there would be 50 casualties and one third of these would be fatal. If the RAF's estimates of 100,000 tons of bombs being dropped in the first 14 days were correct there would be 1,666,666 fatalities within this time period!

  1. Why Did the British Government Decide to Evacuate Children From Britain's Major Cities at ...

    Much of the government and public were in constant remembrance of the loss and tragedy of the First World War. The harsh memory haunted many and they didn't want to experience such ruin again. One evacuee, Harry Smith mentions in his memoirs how when war was declared on September 1939

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from major cities in the ...

    People were evacuated and shelters were introduced. Gas masks were also another precaution delivered by the British government. Evacuation was a scheme that was to move people from highly populated areas to areas that are less populated. This occurred at the beginning of the Second World War.

  1. Why did the British Government Decide to Evacuation Children from Britain's Major Cities in ...

    a profound psychological effect upon the citizens Britain, who now knew they were no longer safe if war broke out again. Also, the bombing raids of World War One demonstrated the potential of aircrafts to carry out air raids on towns and cities, and as early as 1922, Lord Balford

  2. Why did social policy questions come to dominate British politics in the decade before ...

    This matter concerned social affairs just as much as it did economic according to Chamberlain, even though much of his Parliamentary support was drawn from staunch pro-tariff MPs whose disposition was little to do with concern for workers at this time.

  1. Prospects for India's development

    could face an environment whereby 30% of the country has privatized operators and the remaining is state-run. This presents challenges at the national level as the need for interconnection and sharing of resources is essential. Furthermore, national leadership fails to set a national goal or model for the country and thus does not take advantage of potential economies of scale.

  2. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    24 Economic 25 Social 25 Technology 25 Legal 26 Environment 26 The impact on the business. 26 Positive impacts. 26 Negative impacts 27 Recommendations and Conclusions 27 Social Issues 27 Politics 29 REFERNCES: 30 Introduction Transnet the giant of the South African transport industry, is made of 9 business divisions

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work