• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? Indeed in Britain at the start of the war, the British government expected that here would be heavy raids on the big cities. Between the 1 and 3 September 1939 over 1.5 children, pregnant women and disabled people were evacuated to rural areas in mainland Britain. In Northern Ireland the government had made three attempts to evacuate people from Belfast. Unfortunately such was the complacency and strong belief that Northern Ireland would not be bombed, very few people availed themselves of the opportunities open to them. Three days before the big raid on Easter Tuesday, only 3,000 adults had registered to evacuate. The British Government feared the threat of German bombing in the cities and this made them decided to evacuate all children from the cities to the countryside. ...read more.


Although parents didn't want their children going away from them, they had no other choice, as death would be the outcome if they stay. Children often arrived at their destinations dirty, hungry and homesick, to discover that families on whom they were to be billeted would only take those who looked cheerful, neat and tidy. As part of the governments plans to protect children through evacuation, 9 areas were listed to be evacuated. These were big cities and ports e.g. London, Manchester, Liverpool. Cities such as Glasgow and Belfast were not to be evacuated. This was because the government believed enemy bombers would not be able to fly that far but they were wrong. Evacuation certainly provided relatively safe homes for Britain's wartime children as the country's cities experienced heavy bombing by the German Luftwaffe. ...read more.


Britain needed to have more weapons in order to defend themselves and that was exactly what happened during the period of evacuation. More and more parents had much more time to do war work like working in the ammunitions, which contributed very much to the war effort. Source D states the government's desire to take children out of the 'danger zone-where desperate peril may come at any minute'. Therefore protection. The government wasn't being pushed to enforce evacuation. They did it through their own desire to protect the future generation. This same source also states how children will be 'healthier and happier'. Whilst not a principal reason, cold be a minor factor. Although parents didn't like the idea, the government saw it as the only priorities, which in the end, helped, save lots of young lives. The government showed how committed and caring they were for the children and not only the children but the older generation as well. Anthony .A. Abladey 11 W d ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    Applying the national HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of 26.5% to the 72 178 employees of Transnet means that any point in time it is estimated that 18 445 employees are infected. Using the same rate on the 20 000 employees without medical aid it is estimated that 5000 employees in this group is HIV positive.

  2. Decentralization and development of modern local government systems in Eastern Europe

    of the provider have the opportunity to manage their area as a "concern"-that is, as indirect managers. This type of management is absolutely different from the previous method of administration. The crucial change here is more independence for the firm.

  1. The Belfast Blitz.

    It is believed that if aware had been heightened among the people of Belfast, the prospect of attack, and the attacks themselves, would have been taken more seriously, which could have saved lives. Another area in which the Government were criticized for was the lack of evacuations.

  2. Describe the part played by India in the Second World War.

    In conclusion, India's contribution to the war was important. This was showed by the Japanese troops being held up in Indian border when trying to take over India. The Britain also relied on the materials and essentials from India. The British would not have won the war if India did not help them.

  1. Why did the liberal government (1906-1912) decide to fight poverty? Source based work.

    Study Sources D and E How far do these sources differ in their attitude to old age pension? In Source D Will Crooks talks about how every man and women over seventy should be entitled to an old age pension no matter what background they have and how a

  2. The colonial factor in the Nigerian civil war (1967-1970)

    Nigeria has had a turbulent history of conflict throughout the years. The divisions within the country did not start with the arrival of the British. This essay will look at the divisions that led to the war from three main periods; the pre-colonial era, the colonial era and the postcolonial era.

  1. Is Legalization a Realistic Alternative to the War on Marijuana?

    Marijuana is often prescribed or recommended by doctors following cancer treatment because just as Stein affirms, marijuana restores the appetite and combats nausea following chemotherapy (66). In the past few years there has been an abundance of cancer patients who have been denied marijuana and often penalized if they should choose to use marijuana to ease their pain.

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at ...

    A father who would be away fighting for king and country would feel that the government is doing its best to look after his child. He would be able to fight without wondering if his child is still alive.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work