• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the German revolutionary situation of October 1918 to January 1919 fail to produce a revolution?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Revolutionary Situation of October 1918 to January 1919 Fail to Produce a Revolution? In October 1918, Germany was flung into disarray as the "Revolution from Above" kicked off. This started in October when political changes altered the entire history of Germany as the Kaiser was stripped of all power and the previous autocracy crumbled to reveal a hybrid parliamentary democracy based on the American and English government systems. This change was brought on not by a revolution from the people but purely for the interests of the High Command, this led to October 1918 being called the "Revolution from Above" by historians. By 1918 the naval blockade on Germany had taken its toll. Germans were really feeling its full effects, the food supplies were running low, and people moral even lower. ...read more.


However the Kiel Mutiny was a major rung in the ladder, as it was the first step of the "Revolution from Below" this was when the workers and soldiers gathered in there thousands to rally against the government rule. They called for a German republic and they passed a resolution that set up workers and sailors councils. The 9th of November is a very important day in German history, as three major events shook the foundations upon which the basis of German rule had been laid. It was on this day that the Kaiser gave up his fight against the ever mounting pressure on him to leave, and he fled to Holland. On the same day, Prince Max's five week old party government was the second victim. As his government system collapsed, he appointed Freidrich Ebert to succeed him. ...read more.


However, on the 6th of January, the spartacists rose up against the December Congress. They occupied newspaper offices, government buildings and railway stations. The leaders of the Spartacus League, or German Communist Party, were Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, they recognized the fact that the Spartacists were too few to take power but had been spurred into action because they felt that the time for a revolution was slipping away, and when the revolt started they worked endlessly for its success. This uprising lasted until the 11th of January, when the Freikorps were called in by the Government to route them out. Therefore in my opinion, by looking at the evidence we can see that the revolutionary situation of October 1918 to January 1919 didn't become a revolution because those who wished to bring the revolution about, the Spartacists and the USPD, were not prepared for combat which they experienced when the freikorps came in. Also, their numbers were too few in order to overcome the army and overthrow the government. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Comparing the German and Russian systems of government

    Power in Russia is basically divided between the parliament and the president. While in Germany the chancellor leads a cabinet of ministers and the president serves as a ceremonial head of state. The German system of Government is often called a "Kanzlerdemokratie" (a Chancellor's Democracy).

  2. What was Chartism and why did it fail

    magistrates would requisitioning railway carriages deploy troops from the nearest military centre and late notice as the Evidence of the Quartermaster explains; 'You send a battalion of 1,000 men from London to Manchester (by rail) in nine hours: that same battalion marching would take 17days; and then arrive at the

  1. Summary of the Causes of the 1905 Revolution.

    It was made up 2 main groups which split in 1903 into the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks. The Tsarist Government in the face of a broad range of opposition tried repression with them all. It set up a great network of spies to infiltrate the organizations.

  2. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    Soviet economic and technical assistance was expected to play a significant part in the functioning of the plan, and technical agreements were signed with the Soviets in 1953 and 1954. These agreements pledged 300 million U.S dollars over 5 years as well as thousands of soviet Technicians to help construct large industrial plants in china.

  1. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought the October revolution about ...

    Lenin's fantastic leadership not only got the Bolsheviks into power but also kept them there; it was his willingness to sacrifice ideology for the good of the party that kept the Bolsheviks alive. The revolution itself was conducted surprisingly quickly and with almost no violence, partly due to Trotsky's detailed

  2. Japanese Political Timeline (1919).

    In 1921-1922, the concern of Japanese's expansionist policy was brought up in The Washington Conference. Two most important treaties signed were "The Four Power Treaty" which ended the Anglo-Japanese Alliance and an agreement United States, France, Britain and Japan to maintain respect for each other in the Pacific region.

  1. What problems faced the new republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923? Why did ...

    Many were killed when the government crushed this attempt using Freikorps. Also, in the Spring of 1919, March, a soviet republic was set up in Bavaria. This too was suppressed by the Freikorps with 700 people dying and a right wing government was established in its place.

  2. A Detail on the British Empire Between the Great Wars, from 1918 to 1939.

    Elections were called, and Baldwin returned as Conservative Prime Minister. Reforms Initiated The first Labour government, before being ousted by the Conservatives, did implement a number of reforms, with the consent of the Liberals of course. The most important out of all these was Wheatley's Housing Act which gave local

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work