• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the National party in South Africa put forward the policy of apartheid in the 1948 general election campaign?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

South Africa Question 2 Why did the National party in South Africa put forward the policy of apartheid in the 1948 general election campaign? Why was the policy of apartheid put forward in the 1948 election? Apartheid means segregation and white domination of all other races. Was apartheid put forward cause of Afrikaners fear of change, fear of blacks or cause apartheid was going to be a vote winner among whites? The white South Africans feared about black South African was change. The Afrikaners were frightened of losing their culture and language. The Afrikaners community was very worried by the 'Swart Gevaar" (the black danger). The A.N.C was getting well organised and had started a big campaign for more rights for blacks. ...read more.

Middle

Only one race would be allowed to live in one area and non-whites were banned from towns and cities. People who lived in wrong areas were forced to move. Most of the areas were reserved for whites. The "Group Areas Act" never real work, the task was to big. Because this didn't work another law was passed in 1951, which banned illegal squatting. This stopped anyone entering land or building without permission. The Afrikaners wanted more powers because in the 1950s and 1940s some Afrikaners became poor and wanted to return to a stronger position. The national party wanted a completely independent genuine Afrikaner government for South Africa. Also the Afrikaners needed a simple vote-winning programme for white voters. Afrikaners believed they were superior and wanted to protect themselves from a threat of blacks in jobs and politics. ...read more.

Conclusion

The report state that the idea of total segregation could never work; that industry and trade needed a permanent settled black population in the cities; and that it was quite impossible for all the present black towns people ever to return to the already overcrowded reserves. He recommended that black families be encouraged to settle in locations in a carefully controlled way. The reason the National party won, because they were well organised and the "Apartheid" plan of the Sauer Report proved a vote winner amongst the white voters. Many farmers and whites that voted for the United Party in 1943 voted for the National Party in 1948. Further more Malan did a deal with the Afrikaner Party that won him vital seats. Nonetheless, Smuts won more than 50% of the votes cast against Malans 40%. Smuts lost because fewer votes were needed to win the rural, mainly nationalist seats, compared the urban ones. Mizanur Rahman ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Why did Labour lose the 1951 General Election?

    It had several effects, all of which were harmful in both the long and short term. Firstly, the Parliamentary party was split in its loyalties to the party leadership, and cohesion within the legislature was less assured. Secondly, the split right at the very top of the party meant that

  2. Describe the treatment of blacks South Africans in South Africa in the 1930s and ...

    Because their wages were very low they couldn't afford to live in proper houses and had to go live in Shanty towns. The role of 125,000 blacks in the war was to be drivers, labours, and servants and to carry guns.

  1. Apartheid in South Africa.

    The principal piece of evidence to prove this is that Source A is an eyewitness account from the only journalist allowed into the demonstration in Sharpeville, and Source B is secondary information from the South African government to a British newspaper.

  2. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    Some believed Mandela was the only hope for the ending of apartheid and stayed loyal in supporting him even whilst he was in prison but Mandela's time in prison was not useful to help apartheid end sooner. His decision in 1968 to turn to violence could be argued to be a half-hearted one.

  1. Was the Great Leap Forward a ‘Tragedy of Good Intentions’?

    production, and through appeal to the latent talents of workers and peasants is not in itself enough in capital-deficient underdeveloped countries. The Great Leap, however, distorted the idea by making it compulsory, claiming too much for it, and introducing into it an element of haste.29 It can be argued though, that the intention (in the most simplified form)

  2. South Africa - Apartheid Sources Questions

    Therefore, it can be seen that Source D challenges the view of Bantustans, Source H agrees with the view of Bantustans and Source F both agree and disagree with the view of Bantustans. Question E The Sources D, G and I are useful in helping us to understand the effects that Apartheid had upon South Africans.

  1. In what ways and for what reasons did British policies and attitude towards Africa ...

    " 'Detribalization' ceased to be a ghost, and became an Angel of progress. 'Classes'...were now the harbingers of a bright future"6 and education of Africans allowed. A key reason for this supposed change in attitude towards Africa hinges on the lack of confidence in existing attitudes to provide effective governance, namely, the failure of the system of indirect rule.

  2. personal exercis programme

    I also applied the 'Time' principle to the rock climbing by increasing the time spent on the wall by a further ten minutes. I continuously ran for thirteen minutes therefore I also applied the 'Time' principle to the run as I only ran for twelve minutes in week four.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work