• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Provisional Government fail to hold power?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Provisional Government fail to hold power? After the February Revolution, which saw the fall of the tsar, a Provisional Government was set-up. It was comprised of the Petrograd Soviet and the representative assembly, which existed under the tsar. The new Government was a weak and unstable grouping of politicians trying to desperately gain some control over events. The Provisional Government faced the same problems as the tsar and was unable to offer any effective solutions and as a result lacked both authority and support from the start. Famine, disease and death were spreading throughout the empire as the Russian Government continued to aid France against the militia of Germany. The decision to continue the war was perhaps a crucial factor, sapping the strengths and diverting the energies of government whose hold on power was tenuous in the first place. The Provisional Government had a more fundamental problem, which led to its fall in October. ...read more.

Middle

Disorder spread throughout the countryside with many landowners finding themselves on the receiving end of the peasants' anger. The Government was clearly unable to control what was happening in the country. More than anything else the summer offensive swung many people to the Bolsheviks, the only major party which stood uncompromisingly for an immediate end to the war, and who had adopted the slogan, " Peace, Bread and Land". Had the Provisional Government adopted a similar policy it would not have led to its downfall and the Bolshevik seizure of power in October. What part did the revolutionary movement play in the collapse of the autocracy? The work of revolutionary parties had little effect on the collapse of autocracy as the outbreak of the war had initially cut across a revolutionary movement, which was developing in Russia in July/August 1914. From having the support of 80 percent of the active workers, the revolutionary group, the Bolsheviks, who opposed the imperialist war, were driven underground, as backward layers of the working class, mobilized by the war, embraced the ideas of patriotism. ...read more.

Conclusion

The tsar was politically inept and his decision to take command of the armed forces proved to worsen his reputation amongst the Russian people, as he was seen as being responsible for Russia's military defeats. By the beginning of 1917 there were demonstrations in Petrograd over food shortages, which were increasingly aimed against the tsar, and the radicalisation of the industrial workers and peasants became more significant. Demonstrations later rose to quarter of a million and the army were asked to put them down by opening fire on the crowds. Army leaders refused to do so as they were not content with the progress Russia was making in the war. This decision put a lot of pressure on the tsar who soon found that his supporters were no longer willing to save the government as they had lost their faith in it. In conclusion the end on the tsarist regime had not been brought about by the actions of revolutionary groups, as it had collapsed rather than been overthrown. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    The value of this book is that it provides multiple views on each aspect of the Russian Revolution. Each view is countered with an argument from the opposing view, allowing the reader to get an enhanced analysis. This book is also valuable because it is written very recently, thus making use of all the new information just released.

  2. Why Did Revolutions Break Out so Widely Across Europe in 1848 and Why Did ...

    was particularly poor and bread prices in France doubled in that one year. Considering that the typical citizen is thought to have spent 70% of their income on food alone, this represented a considerable reduction in standards of living. At the same time, the working classes were suffering unemployment in

  1. The Rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire.

    Between 1714 and 1718 they fought with Venice; between 1736 and 1739 with Austria and Russia in order to protect Muslim territories. The Russians in particular expanded aggressively into Central Asia, and these small Muslim states and no one else to turn to except the Ottoman Empire.

  2. Why did the Provisional Government fail, and the Bolsheviks succeed, in 1917?

    The end of autocratic rule brought new hope to millions of Russians, but it also left behind it the problems that had led to its demise in the first place. These factors, particularly the food shortages and the war, were not the fault of the Provisional Government, and therefore they were not entirely accountable for their outcomes.

  1. After the March revolution and the Tsar's resignation, why did the Provisional Government last ...

    In response to this, Lenin created the 'April Theses' and created the slogan, and thus their aims: 'Peace, Land, Bread', and 'All Power to the Soviets'. This was exactly what the people wanted, and soon there was a rebellion in July started by Bolshevik protests against the war.

  2. Why were there two Revolutions in Russia in 1917? Why did the Bolsheviks ...

    After the Kerensky Offensive, he felt that if the war was successful, Russia's downfall would come to an end, but with the army still suffering many defeats, Russia was still on a steep decline. Could things get any worse? By July, Russia had more problems yet to come.

  1. Was the Provisional Government doomed to failure?

    There were several reasons for this. Firstly, Britain and France had requested that Russia attack on the Eastern front to take the pressure off their forces in the West, so they in effect the Provisional Government was responding to its treaty obligations to the Allies. Secondly, there was still a strong sense of patriotism and nationalism

  2. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought the October revolution about ...

    It can be argued that many of the problems that Russia faced over this period were not those of the Provisional Government. The end of autocratic rule brought new hope to millions of Russians, but it also left behind it the problems that had led to its demise in the first place.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work