• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the South African government introduce the policy of apartheid in 1948?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the South African government introduce the policy of apartheid in 1948? Apartheid was a policy brought in by the Sou8thAfrican government in 1948 aiming to separate the whites and the blacks. Apartheid had already existed in the 1930s, used by Afrikaner thinkers who led the Afrikaner nationalist revival. The difference in 1948 was that it was to become official government policy. Increasing integration in the 1930s created real social tensions. The Afrikaners were against mixed marriages. They feared that if there were too many mixed race children being born, then they may lose control over South Africa. They also feared for there identity, something very important to the Afrikaners. They knew that they were outnumbered by the blacks in South Africa (they represented no more than 12% of South Africa's population) - they saw this as 'the black threat' and they wanted a government who would pass policies to eliminate this 'black threat'. ...read more.

Middle

They believed that South Africa's success and prosperity was down to them; that they made South Africa what it was. This made them very proud of their culture and history. In 1902, the South African government was dominated by Afrikaners. They had replaced blacks in South Africa and felt that God wanted them to survive and shape South Africa the way they wanted. There were also political reasons for the setting up of apartheid. At the time, the Nationalist Party wanted to get into government. The party existed to promote Afrikaner ideas as well as their culture and language (and other such features of Afrikaner life). Like all political parties, they aimed to target their ideas to appeal to all groups within their country; in this case, South Africa. They promised separation and that they would prevent integration. They also promoted Afrikaner Nationalism; this relates back to the idea that the white Afrikaners were afraid that blacks, who dominated most of the country's population, would take over South Africa, ridding it of all Afrikaner culture and history. ...read more.

Conclusion

All over the world, black colonies were campaigning for freedom. The Afrikaners feared that this would happen in South Africa; if apartheid was brought in, this would put aside any Afrikaner fears that blacks would attempt freedom campaigns and attempt to win power in South Africa. I think that these reasons did play a part in apartheid's setting up, but they were not influential and did not play as big a part as some of the other reasons in the setting up of apartheid. In conclusion, I found that all of the reasons that I have mentioned played a part in the setting up of apartheid. However, I found the most important reasons to be the racist reasons. These reasons were very influential in apartheid's setting up as the Afrikaners believed that they were better than the blacks - they thought that the blacks should not have any rights. I found that another very influential reason to be Afrikaner Nationalism, because the Afrikaners were extremely proud of their identity; they felt that they had made South Africa what it was. They thought that South Africa was rightly theirs. Jordan Hoose 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    Although this showed how much support the blacks had, it also meant the National Party would now have to work even harder to keep up ahead of them, which they were willing to do, hence it is unfortunate for the blacks.

  2. The position of the New Labour government with Tony Blair ahead of that government.

    That is why this Government is putting in place the most rigorous competition framework this country has ever seen. For example, our new Competition Act builds on our decision to create a new independent competition authority. For banking and financial services, the Financial Services Authority will now, for the first time, be required to facilitate competition" (www.pmo.gov.uk, May 4, 2004).

  1. How did the policy of Apartheid lead to increasing violence in south Africa (1948-1991).

    Nevertheless, Africans living in the homelands needed passports to enter South Africa: aliens in their own country. In 1953, the Public Safety Act and the Criminal Law Amendment Act were passed, which empowered the government to declare stringent states of emergency and increased penalties for protesting against or supporting the repeal of a law.

  2. Describe the treatment of blacks South Africans in South Africa in the 1930s and ...

    Because their wages were very low they couldn't afford to live in proper houses and had to go live in Shanty towns. The role of 125,000 blacks in the war was to be drivers, labours, and servants and to carry guns.

  1. From reading source A, I can learn a lot about National Party's policy of ...

    This piece of propaganda is only a limited source, because it describes the aims, and not the effects. Source G shows a table of figures and how much money is spent on education. It says that whites get �63.92 spent on each child, compared to a mere �8.99 on black children.

  2. Race Relations in the USA and South Africa since 1945 : How external pressure ...

    not be absent from the property of his employer with out permission. Once the Blacks were able to vote there were still rules they had to follow. These rules were that they would have to vote separately from Whites and they had to vote for a Black member from a different Black party.

  1. In what ways were the lives of South Africans changed by the policy of ...

    Each of the laws mentioned were created to ensure that the blacks were inferior to the whites. Many aspects of the lives of the Natives were virtually ruined by the policies of Apartheid. These policies limited the movement, jobs, education and changed the whole living style of the blacks.

  2. However before the 1950's the opposition for apartheid wasn't effective what so ever. This ...

    they were in a public area made them not wants to go out. It made the blacks feel not wanted. Also in 1950 the group area's act was brought in so blacks had to move off whites only land, and if they refused they could be forcefully be moved by police.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work