• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Weimar Republic face political problems in the first years of its existence (1919-1923)

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Weimar Republic face political problems in the first years of its existence (1919-1923) In 1920, the newly formed democratic government was the victim of a "Putsch" or minor rebellion by a right wing party led by Dr Wolfgang Kapp. Though this "Putsch" was soon stamped out, the Weimar Republic were the victims of another, in 1923, but this time by the Nazi party led by Adolf Hitler. Both marches were broken up but they turned more and more people against the Weimar Republic. Even before this, the government faced a rebellion from the newly formed Spartacus Party which they crushed with the help of the Nationalists. The reason for the Spartacist revolution was because they felt betrayed by SPD party who were in government. ...read more.


There are several reasons why the Republic faced the Nationalist problems; the first is the German surrender in the war and Hindenburg's speech about the surrender. General Hindenburg was the Commander in Chief of the German army during the First World War and towards the end of the war, when he knew that Germany had no chance of winning, he told the Chancellor that surrender was necessary. After the war, Hindenburg addressed the public and said that the German army had been "stabbed in the back" by the government and that they could have gone on fighting. This statement was issued, not only to turn people against the new government but also to defend the honour of the German army and General Hindenburg himself. ...read more.


I think that the main reason for the political problems was the Treaty of Versailles. This treaty led to lots of others of these political problems: the Treaty led to the dissolving of the German military forces angering the Nationalists. The Nationalists were also angered by the loss of the German lands because their beloved Germany had lost its status as a first class power. The reparations owed due to the Treaty, were the cause of the hyperinflation as well as the money spent on the war. The surrender wasn't the biggest cause of the political unrest, in fact, it should barely have been a factor but the Nationalists chose to hold it against the Weimar Republic and made it a major issue. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What were the main problems faced by the Weimar Republic 1919-1923?

    As so many people disagreed with the way the government was being run, many groups were formed that opposed the government's views. One of the most well known of these groups was called the Spartacists, and it was a communist group.

  2. What problems did Italy face after the First World War?

    Before the war there the government had faced a number of problems. The democratically elected chamber of duties was unpaid and therefore prone to bribery and corruption making it an unstable system. Between the chaos of the inter-war period, Benito Mussolini founded the fascist party.

  1. Why did the extreme right hate the Weimar government and why did they fail ...

    due to lack of support. The army got to big after the end of the war as many old soldiers had been recruited to join the freikorps, when the freikorps were disbanded they decided to march into Berlin and seize control in protest to there dismissal.

  2. "Weimar Republic governments were remarkably successful in dealing with the economic and political problems ...

    This again made to government look weak by failing to take a harsher line on those who should have been punished. Also it shows that the government had no coping methods other than army intervention, communication was not possible. The governments way of dealing with this matter was, again, not entirely satisfactory.

  1. Weimar Germany 1918-23: Was the Weimar Republic Doomed to Failure?

    Parliament had to meet now in the town of Weimar as opposed to the traditional location of Berlin due to the unrest caused by the violence of the Sparticist rebellion. The Kapp Putsch occurred between the 13th and 17th of March.

  2. Why did the Communists and other revolutionary left-wing groups fail to seize power in ...

    The government again crushed this uprising. Ebert ordered the army and some Freikorps to put down this uprising, 1,000 workers and 250 police and soldiers were killed in the battle. Another uprising occurred in March 1921. This however showed the German government just how unorganised the KPD actually was.

  1. Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive the difficulties between 1919-23?

    He now claimed the army had been 'stabbed in the back' and prevented from winning the war. As many Germans accepted these accusations, radical right-wing parties who were against the Weimar Republic and 'Treaty of Versailles' gained support. From the end of the war creeping inflation had always been a problem for Germany.

  2. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    The main roots of the crisis on the CHT centered on the land issue, transfer of population from plain districts and the control of administration by non-inhabitants of the CHT. Besides, discrimination, deprivation and exploitation in social, cultural, economic and political fields and the program of assimilation of the indigenous

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work