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Why did the Weimar Republic face political problems in the first years of its existence (1919-1923)

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Introduction

Why did the Weimar Republic face political problems in the first years of its existence (1919-1923) In 1920, the newly formed democratic government was the victim of a "Putsch" or minor rebellion by a right wing party led by Dr Wolfgang Kapp. Though this "Putsch" was soon stamped out, the Weimar Republic were the victims of another, in 1923, but this time by the Nazi party led by Adolf Hitler. Both marches were broken up but they turned more and more people against the Weimar Republic. Even before this, the government faced a rebellion from the newly formed Spartacus Party which they crushed with the help of the Nationalists. The reason for the Spartacist revolution was because they felt betrayed by SPD party who were in government. ...read more.

Middle

There are several reasons why the Republic faced the Nationalist problems; the first is the German surrender in the war and Hindenburg's speech about the surrender. General Hindenburg was the Commander in Chief of the German army during the First World War and towards the end of the war, when he knew that Germany had no chance of winning, he told the Chancellor that surrender was necessary. After the war, Hindenburg addressed the public and said that the German army had been "stabbed in the back" by the government and that they could have gone on fighting. This statement was issued, not only to turn people against the new government but also to defend the honour of the German army and General Hindenburg himself. ...read more.

Conclusion

I think that the main reason for the political problems was the Treaty of Versailles. This treaty led to lots of others of these political problems: the Treaty led to the dissolving of the German military forces angering the Nationalists. The Nationalists were also angered by the loss of the German lands because their beloved Germany had lost its status as a first class power. The reparations owed due to the Treaty, were the cause of the hyperinflation as well as the money spent on the war. The surrender wasn't the biggest cause of the political unrest, in fact, it should barely have been a factor but the Nationalists chose to hold it against the Weimar Republic and made it a major issue. ...read more.

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