• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the Easter Rising such a pivotalevent in Irish history?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was the Easter Rising such a pivotal event in Irish history? The Easter Rising was an important event for Irish history and independence. The Act of Union of 1800 resulting in the loss of the Parliament in Dublin and was governed directly from Westminster with 100 MPs and 28 peers representing Ireland. After the formation of the Act of Union, nationalist opposition to British rule emerged, mainly inspired by the Wolfe Tone rebellion of 1798. These small secretive organisations used force to establish a fully independent Irish Republic. There were many rebellions attempted in 1803, 1848, 1867 and 1916. The main aim of all the groups was to restore self government to Ireland by the use political influence to have the necessary legislation passed by the British government. In the 1880s, the nationalist Irish Parliamentary Party were returning to the House of Commons with 80 MPs and had developed into Westminster's first modern political party. The party's success was due to gradual growth of political consciousness in Ireland (literacy rate had reached over eighty percent), to the charisma of the leader Parnell and to the gradual extension of the franchise. ...read more.

Middle

The IRB were too small to operate a full-scale rising so therefore they used the IVF who were frustrated by the delay of Britain granting Ireland self government. The aim of the rising was centred on an insurrection in Dublin which was to be supported by munitions and troops from Germany which were to be landed on the coast of County Kerry. The involvement with the Germans was a failure and never took place because the British captured shipments of German and Russian arms which greatly reduced the scale outside the capital. Therefore the Easter Rising was confined to Dublin. On Easter Monday, the rebels assembled at various prearranged meeting points in Dublin and set out to occupy a number of imposing buildings in the inner city. The rebels had the advantage of surprise where British intelligence had failed hopelessly where the targets were seized without resistance and immediately the rebels set about making them defensible. The General Post Office served as the rebels' headquarters. ...read more.

Conclusion

In December 1918, the Irish Parliamentary Party was replaced by Sinn Fein. The Irish Rising had resulted in the growth of Sinn Fein. The executions and deportations after the Rising fuelled popular hostility in Ireland towards Britain and increased sympathy for the use of force to achieve independence as well as support for an independent Irish republic. In 1917, the IPP's domination of Irish politics was challenged and it was the Sinn Fein party that displaced the IPP. Sinn Fein was not directly involved in the uprising but certainly benefited from it. Sinn Fein was well-known for being anti-English and a nationalist propaganda body in Dublin. In December 1918, Sinn Fein's manifesto offered voters a republic. It stated that it would refuse to attend Westminster and set up an Irish assembly. Sinn Fein won because of its natural focus for persuasive hatred that many felt towards the English. Sinn Fein was well organised and offered a greater measure of independence rather than the IPP's limited self-government offer. This then provoked the Anglo-Irish war which resulted in Independence for Ireland from Britain. Tim Martin ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. With reference to any material you have studied explain the approach of the Democratic ...

    The reason the DUP cite for their ability to sit in the assembly but not the executive is that they acknowledge the electoral endorsement of Sinn Fein by the electorate of NI and therefore must concede to Sinn Fein's democratic position and rite to sit on the assembly as a result.

  2. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Parnell as a leader of the Irish cause.

    The characteristic feature of this 'Land War' was the 'outrages' against the landlords. 2,590 incidents were reported in 1880 and between 1879 and 1882 there were 67 landlord murders. The situation was difficult for the police to contain, as the attacks were sporadic and occurred at night.

  1. Parnell and the Irish Parliamentary Party 1882-5 After the Kilmainham ...

    clinched his support for Home Rule. Gladstone's third ministry Since it soon became clear that Lord Salisbury did not intend to support Home Rule. Gladstone now became Prime Minister for the third time, at the age of 77, committed to the introduction of Home Rule. Following his accession to power in January 1886, Gladstone, determined 'to

  2. British History Coursework: The Irish Famine 1845-1849

    In 1829 The Duke of Wellington wrote "There never was a country in which poverty existed to the extent it exists in Ireland." In the summer of 1845 a potato disease struck Ireland. A fungus Photophthora Infestans turned the potato harvest into decaying blackish masses of rottenness, unfit for human or animal consumption.

  1. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    He condemned the Provisional Government and called for its overthrow in a second revolution. The following day he issued his 'April Theses', in which he spelt out future Bolshevik policy. Lenin insisted that the Bolsheviks abandon all compromise with other parties and work for the true revolution entirely by their own efforts.

  2. How effectively did Irish Catholic and nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    Though aiding the Great Reform Act in 1831 did bring greater fairness to British and Irish democracy. In 1835 O'Connell pre-empted future Irish leaders by taking advantage of a weak British government. As apart of the 'Litchfield House Compact' the O'Connellites earned greater influence over the Whig government.

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    founded in 1906 on the Christian model and the General Council of Burmese (Buddhist) Organisation started in 1922. By 1916, the YMBA had begun publicly to express concern over British religious policy. 3. The YMBA established schools conforming to the governmental curriculum requirements but also giving lessons in Buddhist scriptures to counter the Christian missionary schools, which offered Bible lessons.

  2. A Short History of the Basque Country.

    south of the Pyrenees, and he contributed greatly to the unification of the country. This Kingdom of Pamplona was later to be known as the Kingdom of Navarre. By then it had become a smaller territory, where the people with classical Basque features were settled.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work