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Why was the Easter Rising such a pivotalevent in Irish history?

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Introduction

Why was the Easter Rising such a pivotal event in Irish history? The Easter Rising was an important event for Irish history and independence. The Act of Union of 1800 resulting in the loss of the Parliament in Dublin and was governed directly from Westminster with 100 MPs and 28 peers representing Ireland. After the formation of the Act of Union, nationalist opposition to British rule emerged, mainly inspired by the Wolfe Tone rebellion of 1798. These small secretive organisations used force to establish a fully independent Irish Republic. There were many rebellions attempted in 1803, 1848, 1867 and 1916. The main aim of all the groups was to restore self government to Ireland by the use political influence to have the necessary legislation passed by the British government. In the 1880s, the nationalist Irish Parliamentary Party were returning to the House of Commons with 80 MPs and had developed into Westminster's first modern political party. The party's success was due to gradual growth of political consciousness in Ireland (literacy rate had reached over eighty percent), to the charisma of the leader Parnell and to the gradual extension of the franchise. ...read more.

Middle

The IRB were too small to operate a full-scale rising so therefore they used the IVF who were frustrated by the delay of Britain granting Ireland self government. The aim of the rising was centred on an insurrection in Dublin which was to be supported by munitions and troops from Germany which were to be landed on the coast of County Kerry. The involvement with the Germans was a failure and never took place because the British captured shipments of German and Russian arms which greatly reduced the scale outside the capital. Therefore the Easter Rising was confined to Dublin. On Easter Monday, the rebels assembled at various prearranged meeting points in Dublin and set out to occupy a number of imposing buildings in the inner city. The rebels had the advantage of surprise where British intelligence had failed hopelessly where the targets were seized without resistance and immediately the rebels set about making them defensible. The General Post Office served as the rebels' headquarters. ...read more.

Conclusion

In December 1918, the Irish Parliamentary Party was replaced by Sinn Fein. The Irish Rising had resulted in the growth of Sinn Fein. The executions and deportations after the Rising fuelled popular hostility in Ireland towards Britain and increased sympathy for the use of force to achieve independence as well as support for an independent Irish republic. In 1917, the IPP's domination of Irish politics was challenged and it was the Sinn Fein party that displaced the IPP. Sinn Fein was not directly involved in the uprising but certainly benefited from it. Sinn Fein was well-known for being anti-English and a nationalist propaganda body in Dublin. In December 1918, Sinn Fein's manifesto offered voters a republic. It stated that it would refuse to attend Westminster and set up an Irish assembly. Sinn Fein won because of its natural focus for persuasive hatred that many felt towards the English. Sinn Fein was well organised and offered a greater measure of independence rather than the IPP's limited self-government offer. This then provoked the Anglo-Irish war which resulted in Independence for Ireland from Britain. Tim Martin ...read more.

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