• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

WHY WERE THE BOLSHEVIKS ABLETO TAKE AND HOLD POWERIN RUSSIA?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHY WERE THE BOLSHEVIKS ABLE TO TAKE AND HOLD POWER IN RUSSIA? The February Revolution of 1917 had essentially resulted in the collapse of the Tsardom. For centuries autocratic and repressive tsarist regimes ruled the country and a majority of the population lived under strenuous economic and social conditions. Russia's unsuccessful involvement in the First World War resulted in growing discontent amongst the Russian population, and eventually the fall of the Tsarist government. The Provisional government had replaced the Tsar but proved to be no more capable of successfully leading Russia than he had. The October revolution was a seizure of power by the Bolshevik party, arguably, not through their own strengths but due to the weaknesses of the opposition and the inefficiencies of the interim government. ...read more.

Middle

The result of these actions was severe inflation, and the prices of food and fuel almost quadrupled. To the problem of inflation and growing prices were the added difficulties of food production. Due to the full-scale mobilisation during the war of men from the countryside, it became difficult to maintain agricultural supplies. During the first two years of war, grain supplies were at a steady level. It was not until 1916 that peasants ceased to market produce and began to hoard supplies. Food shortages almost amounted to famine across Russia. This affected the army, who by 1916 in contrast to the high morale of 1914, became pessimistic and displayed defeatist attitudes and soon began to desert in increasing numbers. Overall the impression of an incompetent tsar emerged, and opposition to him rapidly came into existence from various political groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was a considerable amount of liaison between the two bodies, some individuals such as Alexander Kerensky were members of both. For a period he was Chairman of the Soviet as well as minister in the Provisional Government. From the very offset the Petrograd had the ability to restrict the Provisional Governments authority. And the 'Soviet order Number 1' in effect declared that the orders of the government with regard to military affairs were binding only if approved by the Petrograd Soviet. This drastically undermined the Government as any government which cannot directly control its army, cannot wield real power. After the fall of the Tsar there was an initial feeling of post revolutionary euphoria in Petrograd. However as the years wore on and the problems mounted, The provisional Government moved increasingly to the right and the Petrograd Soviet increasingly to the left, and soon the partnership of the Dual authority began to decay. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Critically evaluate/assess the achievements of Sergei Witte and their consequences for the social groups ...

    regime as it allowed them to directly control its growth economically in the way it wanted and without, it hoped, the social and political chaos or instability it feared.

  2. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    naval base situated 15 miles west of Petrograd in the Bay of Finland. Sailors and workers there defied the central authorities by setting up their own separate government. Such developments tempted a number of revolutionaries in Petrograd into thinking that the time and opportunity had come for them to bring down the Provisional Government.

  1. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought the October revolution about ...

    The situation rapidly worsened: "...robberies and housebreaking increased... week by week, food became scarcer...towards the end there was a week without bread at all." (John Reed, Ten Days that Shook the World). The Bolshevik party, with Lenin's pledge of "bread, peace and land" was one of the few realistic alternatives to the Provisional Government; the Bolsheviks took full advantage of the people's unrest and the Government's weaknesses.

  2. Why were there two Revolutions in Russia in 1917? Why did the Bolsheviks ...

    Russia's crops grew efficiently but due to military take over due to short supply of transportation for troops it decreased the amount of transport for crops and extra resources. Also, with the losses at the front, the enemy were able to push through and take over some of the railway mainlines.

  1. Explain why Lenin and the Bolsheviks replaced the Provisional Government as leaders of Russia ...

    So for the Russian people everything seemed to be going great, better, in fact then ever before. The Soviet was very powerful, even though it was not the official government. It seemed that the Petrogard Soviet had started a new trend, and Soviets emerged all over the country.

  2. Russia, 1905 - 1917, The Causes of Revolutionary Change. Using your knowledge of the ...

    Instead they should come back home to their family. Order Number I was issued on March 2nd 1917, the day the Tsar had abdicated his throne. Vast numbers of Russian soldiers left the front, and simply made their way home.

  1. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    The Provisional Government believed in a government that supported it's citizens without the use of force, basically everything the Tsar was against. The Bolsheviks believed in a strong army, and social equality. Since the Provisional Government had no immediate plans for the peasants, the Bolsheviks decided that they needed immediate action against the Provisional Government.

  2. Why did the Provisional Government fail to hold power?

    Although the rights of peasants to the great landed estates were recognised in principle the Government was in no position to implement this. The grievances over land had long been a concern to peasants and many were unwilling to wait any longer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work