• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

WHY WERE THE BOLSHEVIKS ABLETO TAKE AND HOLD POWERIN RUSSIA?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHY WERE THE BOLSHEVIKS ABLE TO TAKE AND HOLD POWER IN RUSSIA? The February Revolution of 1917 had essentially resulted in the collapse of the Tsardom. For centuries autocratic and repressive tsarist regimes ruled the country and a majority of the population lived under strenuous economic and social conditions. Russia's unsuccessful involvement in the First World War resulted in growing discontent amongst the Russian population, and eventually the fall of the Tsarist government. The Provisional government had replaced the Tsar but proved to be no more capable of successfully leading Russia than he had. The October revolution was a seizure of power by the Bolshevik party, arguably, not through their own strengths but due to the weaknesses of the opposition and the inefficiencies of the interim government. ...read more.

Middle

The result of these actions was severe inflation, and the prices of food and fuel almost quadrupled. To the problem of inflation and growing prices were the added difficulties of food production. Due to the full-scale mobilisation during the war of men from the countryside, it became difficult to maintain agricultural supplies. During the first two years of war, grain supplies were at a steady level. It was not until 1916 that peasants ceased to market produce and began to hoard supplies. Food shortages almost amounted to famine across Russia. This affected the army, who by 1916 in contrast to the high morale of 1914, became pessimistic and displayed defeatist attitudes and soon began to desert in increasing numbers. Overall the impression of an incompetent tsar emerged, and opposition to him rapidly came into existence from various political groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was a considerable amount of liaison between the two bodies, some individuals such as Alexander Kerensky were members of both. For a period he was Chairman of the Soviet as well as minister in the Provisional Government. From the very offset the Petrograd had the ability to restrict the Provisional Governments authority. And the 'Soviet order Number 1' in effect declared that the orders of the government with regard to military affairs were binding only if approved by the Petrograd Soviet. This drastically undermined the Government as any government which cannot directly control its army, cannot wield real power. After the fall of the Tsar there was an initial feeling of post revolutionary euphoria in Petrograd. However as the years wore on and the problems mounted, The provisional Government moved increasingly to the right and the Petrograd Soviet increasingly to the left, and soon the partnership of the Dual authority began to decay. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Critically evaluate/assess the achievements of Sergei Witte and their consequences for the social groups ...

    believed that this was one of the key factors of the country modernization. Although Russia lacked sufficient capital at home he understood that she needed to attract foreign investors and in particular loans, that would support her industrial expansion. This suited very well with Russia's political motives of the tsarist

  2. To what extents can the events of 1905 in Russia be considered a revolution.

    highly critical of Czardom. The economic discontent of the peasants was expressed in the series of peasant riots from 1862 to 1917. The middle-class liberals in the zemstva advocated a Duma or Parliament. Some of the radical intellectuals became revolutionaries the Nihilists and the Populists.

  1. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    They had been willing to work with the other revolutionary and reformist parties. Lenin changed that. In his speech on his arrival at Petrograd's Finland Station on 3 April, he declared that the February Revolution, far from giving Russia political freedom, had created a 'parliamentary-bourgeois republic'.

  2. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    The Soviets were able to promise land to the proletariat, promised nationality to all Russian citizens, promised better wages for the proletariat, and provided an answer to the social problems that the Provisional Government was incapable of doing. C. (368)Evaluation of sources Two of the sources used were: Acton, Edward, 1990.

  1. The Revolution of 1905 in Russia

    So the party should align itself with regular liberal parties to help destroy monarchy and build a democratic republic. The Bolsheviks insisted that they should set up a dictatorship of the proletariat immediately. There could therefore be no alliance with the bourgeoisie.

  2. How did governments in pre - revolutionary Russia deal with social and political unrest?

    When announcing his accession to the throne, he let it be very clearly understood that he had no intention of limiting or weakening the autocratic power that he had inherited from his ancestors. Nor did he afterwards show any inclination to change his mind.

  1. Why did the Provisional Government fail to hold power?

    Although the rights of peasants to the great landed estates were recognised in principle the Government was in no position to implement this. The grievances over land had long been a concern to peasants and many were unwilling to wait any longer.

  2. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought the October revolution about ...

    Large delays prevented the election of a constituent assembly to replace the provisional government. The government stayed in power far longer than was originally planned, by October their failings had resulted in leaving them little real power and almost no public support.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work