• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the Conservatives weak 1846 - 1865?

Extracts from this document...


Why were the Conservatives weak 1846 - 1865? The Conservatives were weak during the period of 1846 till 1865, because of 6 major factors: leadership problems, lack of popular policies, losing the Peelites, the dominance of Palmerston, the dominance of the Whigs and also the instability of the political system. There were leadership problems because Lord Derby (also known as Edward Stanley), was the leader of the Conservative party/ Protectionists in the House of Lords. He was a pessimistic and reluctant character, who didn't want to be a leader and was nicknamed 'jockey'. He didn't go to University or College, but was home tutored. ...read more.


If one of these politicians was in the Conservative party, then the Conservatives would me more politically stronger and there would be more challenge between the Conservatives and the Peelites. The Peelites took over after Peel's death and were Liberal minded Conservatives, who were almost like Whigs. Secondly, there was a lack of popular policies because it was seen that the Conservatives were tied to the same old policies. Protectionism was holding back the Conservative party, and an anything done for protection policy will prove to be a failure. The success of free trade showed the policy of the Protectionists as weak. ...read more.


On the other hand, there was the Conservatives, who were in favour of agricultural protection and didn't want changes. The instability of the political system was an important issue, as it was caused because of Peel's idea to abandon tariffs for agricultural producers (Repeal of the Corn Laws) and to adopt to free trade. Before 1846, the Conservatives had approximately 350 seats, Whigs had 280 roughly and the Radicals and others within this group had about 50 seats between them. After 1846, the Conservative party split into, Protectionists and Peelites. The Peelites had the experienced, talented people, who had the brains and were the most powerful. They held the balance, as whoever they support would win. The Peelites were most likely to favour the Whigs, as their ideas were a bit the same. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Free essay

    To what extent was Sir Robert Peel responsible for the conservative party break up ...

    In 1845 Peel administration was faced with an Irish potato famine witch left most of Ireland without food. Peel first action was to devise a strategy to solve the problem and then warm his cabinet to it. Peel knew that the only solution to this crisis was a total repeal of the Corn Laws.

  2. Why did the Conservative Party split in 1846? - Ed Pearson When Peel announced ...

    However there is the opinion amongst some historians that many at the time believed 'Conservative success at the elections in 1841 derived principally from confidence which the electorate placed in Peel's administrative ability.' Indeed the Tamworth Manifesto did not mention preserving the Corn Laws or protecting agricultural or landed interests

  1. Contribution of both Gladstone and Disraeli to British Politics between 1846 and 1865

    These were two principles Gladstone himself believed in very much. Gladstone who described it as 'disgusting and repulsive' tore Disraeli's budget to pieces and Gladstone replaced Disraeli as Chancellor when the Tory government collapsed and the Peelites took over. Disraeli saw this as a personal attack and due to this

  2. Conservative Victory of 1941, Peel and the Weakness of the Whigs.

    On the basis of this evidence, it was clear that the Whigs were simply not willing to reform anymore. The Whigs under Lord Melbourne had an attitude that quite simply was not popular with the British population and this proved hugely important as this contributed to their loss in the elections in 1941.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work