• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With the introduction of conscription in 1916, many jobs formally male dominated were open to women because the men had left to fight in the war

Extracts from this document...


January 2001 Question Paper 3(a) In October 1915 the Derby Scheme was introduced; all men had to register and they were put into categories of age, marital status and occupation, under this scheme the young, unmarried and unskilled men were enlisted. In 1916 conscription was properly introduced in Britain to increase the size of the army. (b) During the course of the First World War, Britain was geared towards the aim of winning the war. Women of all social classes were involved in the war effort. This was the first time that many women in the upper-class and middle-class had experienced paid work; contemporaries would have considered this unsuitable in peacetime. There was still a clear distinction between classes, for example in munitions factories the women who put the explosives in the shells would be from the working-class, while the middle-class women would be a supervisor. Therefore women from the lower class got fewer opportunities than women in a higher class. With the introduction of conscription in 1916, many jobs formally male dominated were open to women because the men had left to fight in the war; women took over jobs such as working in agriculture in the woman's land army or in munitions factories, which were essential for running the country and fighting in the war. ...read more.


Prior to the outbreak of the war there were 130 railway companies, but when the government took control the individual companies were unified by the Railway Executive Committee. It was imperative for the government to take over the rail service because before the war the trains were unreliable and The government set up a ministry of Shipping; which ordered more merchant ships to be built, a convey system was adopted where battle ships would travel with the merchant ships, and coordinating the activities of the docks. Another important area of state intervention was food production. At first the government simply left the distribution of food to the free market, but by mid-1916 the shortage of food in the country had become a serious problem, and farmers were taking advantage of this by raising their prices; Lloyd George set up a Ministry of Food under Lord Davenport, to combat this problem. In 1917, the British government decided to ration food, but Davenport insisted the prices of food and rationing should be left to the shopkeepers. It was not until Davenport was replaced by Lord Rhondda, that the rationing of food and prices was properly controlled. Prices of bread and potatoes were kept down so that everyone could afford some food. By 1918, sugar, meat, butter, jam and margarine were rationed. ...read more.


The state also controlled existing establishments; for example by November 1918 there were 20,000 munitions factories under the government's control. In addition, in these controlled establishments profits were limited to pre-war levels plus one-fifth. The government had to control these industries because with the requirement for their goods, employers could raise the prices high, which would not have been beneficial to the war effort. At the start of the war many men volunteered to join the army, in September 1914 450,000; however by December 1915 this figure had dropped to just 55,000. To increase the amount of men in the army, conscription was introduced in January 1916. This was the first time the state forced thousands of men to join the army and it was a highly controversial issue, which caused Asquith and many other Liberal MP's to split from the co-illation government. State intervention was necessary during the war, as inflation had risen so high that the economy could not function without the government's help. The amount of state control was remarkable; it encompassed all Britain's basic industries, agriculture and transport. State control also extended to social issues such as labour placements in key jobs and forcing some men to go to war. Without state intervention Britain would not have been able to continue fighting in the war as the country would have been in serious debt and there would not have been enough military supplies to run it efficiently. ?? ?? ?? ?? Gemma O'Donoghue 12.5 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Free essay

    Women's contribution to the war

    Another gain for women in WWII was the trade unions. In 1945 one third of a million women were authorized to join, in comparison to 1939 where only one half of a million joined. Women were provided with a chance to convey their feelings about the work.

  2. Was the most important reason for the collapse of the coalition government in 1922 ...

    would be difficult for them to handle domestic issues so for them to get as far as they did is an achievement made by Lloyd George. Another reason why I disagree with this statement is because it was said that Lloyd George lost support because of the Irish Free State

  1. Explain why the country moved from voluntary Recruitment to conscription.

    They could be called anytime so everyday could be there last. The reason for the conscription was because in December 1915 this was the lowest month for people conscripting so that is why the government decided to start conscription. The dead and wounded needed replacing and another problem was that the volunteer system was damaging Britain's agriculture and industry.

  2. Source F is an advertising poster looking for female help. Before the war it ...

    had increased by over two and a half times, women working in government offices went from 2,000 up to a staggering 225,000 and women who worked in food, drink and tobacco increased from 196,000 to 235,000. These are statistics given by the government and are seen as a reliable source.

  1. Legislators have three essential functions: representation, law-making and control of the executive. How does ...

    However, the strongest evidence that the performance of the Bundestag is successful is that the percentage people who trust the German parliament are the highest compared to the other political and economic "giants" in Europe, namely France, Britain and Italy.


    Using different resources and reading widely I gathered different sources of information as I believe universities need money to survive and stay successful. The major problems which have arisen by universities are funding and tuition fees. The Financial Times contacted almost 70 universities in an attempt to chart the impact

  1. Britain in the Age of Total War.

    This is exceptionally useful as evidence, as it illustrates how daily life was interrupted by the Blitz, for example children were killed while they were trying to get on with their everyday lives at school. There is also evidence from the photograph that wardens, policemen, and what appeared to be

  2. An Introduction to a Liberal-Democratic Government

    This principle suggests that when the governments are making decisions on policies and laws, for example, they do it fairly and not show any signs of discriminations to certain groups. So in turn trying to reduce the threat of a political backlash, in terms of protests or simply a loss

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work