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- Marked by Teachers essays 12
- Peer Reviewed essays 38
Antidepressant drugs are classified as stimulants, and were also introduced in the 1950s. As well treating depression, they have been used in the treatment of panic disorder, specific phobias, obsessive compulsive disorder and eating disorders. These drugs include monoamine oxidase inhibitor, tricyclics, tetracyclic such as Prozac and serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Again, there are side-effects to using the drugs. MAIO's require adherence to a special diet. Amine rich food must be avoided and continuing eating these foods causes cerebrum haemorrhage. Both MAIO's and tryclics are associated with the heart block, dry mouth, blurred vision and urinary retention.
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Freud claimed to have discovered 'scientific method by which the unconscious can be studied.' What according to Freud, is the unconscious, what was its role within the human mind, and how did he set about studying it? What was scientific about his metho5 star(s)
The superego represented our conscience and counteracted the id with a primitive and unconscious sense of morality. This primitive morality is to be distinguished from an ethical sense, which is an egoist property, since ethics requires eligibility for deliberation on matters of fairness or justice. The superego, Freud stated, is the moral agent that links both our conscious and unconscious minds. The superego stands in opposition to the desires of the id. The superego is itself part of the unconscious mind; it is the internalisation of the worldview and norms that a child absorbs from parents and peers.
- Word count: 1928
The psychoanalytic approach to psychology is based on the system of psychoanalysis, developed by Sigmund Freud (1859 - 1939). Freud was interested in studies of the unconscious mind and mental illness5 star(s)
According to Freud, everything we do, why we do things, who we are and how we became like this are all related to our sexual drive. Childhood sexual experiences will determine our personality in adult life. Freud outlined 5 stages of sexual development. In each stage the libido, the energy from the love instinct, Eros, fixates on different parts of the body, focusing on sexual pleasure on that specific part. Differences in the way sexual pleasure is obtained in each stage will lead to differences in adult personalities.
- Word count: 1024
An impressive study which shows the power that people can have over our behaviour was carried out by Milgram (1963). He set up an experiment in which volunteer research participants were required to give increasingly painful electric shocks to another person, as part of a study which they thought was about learning. The participants were aware of the danger involved and that it could prove fatal. They could hear the other person in the room next-door, who they had seen being strapped to the chair, giving out loud cries of pain, and then suddenly becoming silent, as if they had just died.
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The theory I am going to discuss is Piaget's Cognitive-Developmental Approach. His theory of moral development is concerned with how the child's moral knowledge and understanding change with age. Piaget saw morality as any system of rules, which governs interaction between people. The methods of investigation he used to develop his theories were, he looked at the way children imposed rules in their games. He used games to study the development of children's moral development as he thought that by studying rules in the context of a game, he could study the child's spontaneous though directly.
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He believed that all human behaviour is controlled by drives, which he relates to human instincts. Freud insisted that there are two forces feeding our instinctual urges with energy; the Libido and the Death Instinct; the Libido being a sexual energy and the Death Instinct being more of an aggressive energy. According to Freud, the adult human mind is made up of three different parts and levels of awareness; the unconscious mind, which he named the 'Id'; the preconscious mind, which he named the 'Superego', and the conscious mind, which he named the 'Ego'.
- Word count: 1366