The next section is the pre-conscious mind. This is our store of readily available memories. Memories of which we are aware and know that we are aware, but are not consciously thinking about at the current time. These memories can be recalled easily and are often recalled for everyday use. The final section is our unconscious mind. This is our store of long term memories or memories that cannot be recalled so easily. We may not even be aware of all the memories within this section because they are stored so deeply within the section but these memories can be triggered unknowingly as a result of sensory stimulation.
Risk factors in stress-related illnesses are a combination of personal, impersonal and social factors. These can include a loss of control over an individual's personal environment, and a severe lack, or loss of social support network. Those who depend on another human being, be it because they are a child, elderly or disabled, are at a higher risk of developing stress-related illnesses. There are numerous approaches to stress. The first approach is the Biological Approach. With the biological approach people see stress as something biologically wrong. Stress is experienced as anxiety. People with anxiety disorders are often prescribed tranquilisers.
Anal stage - (approx 2-4 years) Pleasure is focused on the passing or excreaton of faces. On this stage Freud said that if parents were too pushy and strict with toilet training then the child may become anally retentive - resulting in excessive tiredness and cleanliness and very self controlled. If the child enjoyed the training this could lead to an anally expulsive personality - messy, untidy and sadistic. However where did Freud provide this evidence that this is caused in later life if the child does not pass through this stage sufficiently? Phallic stage (approx 3-6 years)- Child becomes aware of new pleasures - playing with themselves.
GCSE Psychology is the study of the human mind, the brain and human behaviour. It covers questions such as how do our brains develop, how do we react to certain situations, why humans behave the way they do. You'll study a broad curriculum of psychological theory and research and get to look at some truly fascinating case studies and examples.
You may cover perception, memory, attachments, abnormal behaviour and criminality amongst many other fascinating topics and subjects. One of the best things about the subject is that you don't have to travel very far to observe what you're studying! There is a grounding in experimentation and in the importance of ethics in the way that such experiments are carried out.
Assessment is generally completed by end of course examinations and you'll find plenty of examples of Psychology GCSE assignments on Marked by Teachers. Studying these will give you a valuable insight into how essays in the subject and planned and written.
Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.
Do they use key words from the title or question?
Do they answer the question directly?
Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
"In conclusion, although feature comparison models do a satisfactory job in explaining how we analyse images for features and match them with images stored in memory, they do not explain how features are combined and recognised thereafter as actual objects in the environment. Although supported by both behavioural and neurological evidence, feature models are limited as they do not account for top-down processes, and at best address only part of the process of pattern/object recognition.
"Freud believed every child should go through the Oedipus Complex he believed it was a universal phenomenon and other criticism is that it is cultural bias. For example the Malinowski's study of Trobriand islanders the boys were disciplined by their uncles instead of their dad. It was the uncle's role to guide the boy through childhood. However the father remained the mothers lover. Malinowski found was that a Trobiand Island boy his relationship with his father was very good, free of the love- hate ambivalence, which is central to Freud's Oedipus theory. It backs up the behavioural view as he has learned his feelings through his environment by comparison the relationship with the uncle was not usually so good. Segal (1990) suggests that more societies need to be examined including both western and avuncular. His theory has low ecological validity.
Freud's theory is not widely accepted anymore. It is hard to give a precise definition of personality. As time changes personality changes over time or does it?"
"To conclude, I think that Freud's psychodynamic approach does make sense, although it may be explained in other ways, and does explain a lot about a person's personality and habits and why they have these certain traits. Even though Freud was known as being a bit too over the top and eccentric with his ideas and theories, they do make great sense and are of great use to finding out about a certain person's personality and why they are like the way they are. It can be useful in further research."
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