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GCSE: Psychology

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  1. Feral children essay. In this essay, I will share with you three modern cases of feral children and one cases of an isolate, and how theyre brain development effected there a language and behaviour.

    John is believed to run away to the forest from around the age of 2-5. For the next three years, he lived uncivilized. He unclearly remembers green African Vervet monkeys coming up to him, after a few days they accepted john into their society. Unfortunately after john was discovered, his father was traced, and his father was not interested in caring for his wild son. The boy was adopted by Paul and Molly Warsaw, who run the Kamuzinda Christian Orphanage in Masaka.

    • Word count: 1044
  2. After watching Inception, the first idea that came into my mind was Is this movies story-line based on Freuds dream Lucid dreaming was also a huge concept in Inception.

    However, the activate-synthesis theory does not seem to be of much relevance to Inception. According to Freud's dream theory, the unconscious which was also known as the Id is where all your desire, fear, pain and conflict locates. When you are awake, the desires and fear are suppressed by the superego. However, when you are dreaming, you are able to access the id or unconscious mind because your guards are down during dream state so then your unconscious has an opportunity to act out and express the fear of the Id.

    • Word count: 509
  3. Sex and Gender Revision Notes

    When she knew, she decided to go back to being a male. Psychoanalytical approach The unconscious mind The Id The Ego The superego 5 stages 0 - 1 Oral Stage Putting things in mouth 1 - 3 Anal Stage Urinating properly 3 - 5 Phallic Stage Pleasure through genitals 5 - puberty Latency Period Repress sexual thoughts Adolescence - Adulthood Genital Stage Things done to achieve sexual pleasures. Gender is acquired in the Phallic Stage where the child has to solve the Oedipus complex.

    • Word count: 976
  4. Learning Revision Notes. Important terms and major experiments

    Therefore, whenever he got the white rat, he was scared to play with it. A new stimulus-response link had formed. This experiment raised ethical concerns because the behaviour was going to be unlearnt but Albert was taken away before. Extinction: This is when the conditioned stimulus no longer creates the conditioned response. In other words, the conditioning has been removed and the actions have been unlearned. For example, in 'Little Albert', the boy would be given the rat without the loud noise so eventually he won't shows signs of fear and his fear response has been extinguished.

    • Word count: 2537
  5. Psychology Coursework. In this piece of coursework I will be devising a test to see whether organisation can improve memory based on the work of Bower at al (1969). There are 3 mnemonics to help improve memory.

    This shows how the category headings served as cues improve recalls. Imagery Another thing that has been found to improve memory is the use of imagery. Bower (1972) asked his participants to remember word pairs consisting of unrelated nouns. He then asked some of his participants to form a mental image in which the objects were interacting. For example if the words were horse and table, you could image a horse on top of a table. Bower found that the participants who constructed a mental image found it easier to recall the word pairs.

    • Word count: 1969
  6. Feral Children

    Cases of feral children. 1.Traian Caldarar A Romanian boy who lived for approximately three years in the wild. In February 2002, a shepherd found him huddling in a cardboard box naked and barely alive. Although he was seven years old, he looked like a three year old because of suffering from malnutrition and rickets. He was looked after in an orphanage. By that time, he had forgotten how to speak considering he lived alone for so many years with dogs.

    • Word count: 706
  7. Dostoevsky and Maslow

    (The Bible) All individuals have accepted the Bible as truth would feel this way and therefore approach life's needs as Dostoevsky. The act of fasting is also an example of how Fyodor's statement might come into play during an individual's life. Another group of individuals who might be observed to follow the Dostoevsky idea would be those who are suffering from serious mental disorders. A loss of regular and proper diet is a symptom of severe cases of depression, anxiety, and stress.

    • Word count: 930
  8. Memory Experiment

    Therefore my prediction is that the participants will recall more words visually shown to them as opposed to the words verbally shown. Method Design I am using a laboratory experiment for this with 24 participants. A laboratory experiment is good because I can manipulate the variables (Independent variable and dependent variable); the procedure is standardized and therefore replicable making the experiment reliable. I will use 15 different words for each experiment. To make this test as fair as possible I will relate the words on each experiment.

    • Word count: 1716
  9. Critical Issue Analysis - Psychological Debriefing

    Debriefing became popular again in 1983 when J.T. Mitchell published "When disaster strikes, the critical incident stress debriefing process". Mitchell described the debriefing process known as critical incident stress debriefing (CISD) which forms part of the wider strategy called critical incident stress management (CISM). The process of debriefing begins after a traumatic event and is a seven-stage process that occurs in a group session 24-72 hours after the traumatic event. These group sessions are facilitated by trained mental health workers. Debriefing is different from an early intervention program.

    • Word count: 1345
  10. Psychological Theories Paper

    To illustrate this point this paper will discuss cross-cultural aspects in Erikson's Theory of Development. We will also discuss the ways in which our ethnocentricity affects the way we interact with others who are different than us. Erikson's Theory of Development In the developmental theories of psychology we find many ethnocentric limitations that emphasize Western culture, therefore the developmental milestones are predicted according to life in Western industrial culture. Erik Erikson (Erikson,1968) developed one of the most well known theories of psychosocial development.

    • Word count: 1249
  11. Psychological factors

    Rhythm and coordination is necessary for performance during sports and athletic activities to complete precise and efficient muscular movements. Anxiety is a negative emotional state with feelings of worry, nervousness and apprehension that is associated with the activation of the body. The heavy breathing, chest pains, tension and sudden lack of confidence in routine athletic performance represent symptoms of anxiety in many athletes when playing sport. There are two types of anxiety, the first kind refers to the cognitive aspect. It deals with the mental state affecting performances such as worry and concern. The second type of anxiety addresses the emotional component.

    • Word count: 679
  12. A social learning theory is one that we learn from our environment around us, meaning out behaviour is shaped through the people and things around us.

    The results showed that the group which saw the man before beating up the doll performed more violently than the group that didn't. This showed that the social learning theory was correct as we learn what we do is determined by what others do as a consequence of whether we are rewarded or punished this is called observational learning. This was shows as we pick up the behaviour and store it in our conscience. Then when we see the doll we bring that thought forward again and imitate the behaviour we had seen before.

    • Word count: 535
  13. Current and Past Drugs

    Plantation flourished across the nation in states such as California, Georgia, Mississippi, Nebraska, and South Carolina. Marijuana use grew rapidly throughout the U.S. between the years of 1850 and 1937. This particular drug was available at pharmacies or could be purchased from general stores. "The increasing use of marijuana by mainstream white American help lead to the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, under which mandatory penalties for drug offenses were repealed by congress and marijuana was categorized separately from other narcotics"( A Social History of American's Most Popular Drugs 2010). Although marijuana was considered an illegal substance, the government still allowed doctors or physicians to use it as medicine.

    • Word count: 1488
  14. Drug Abuse in the Workplace

    In the construction environment, the OSHA act is a legal policy that must be followed by all construction companies. The act ensures a legal safety procedure for all construction employees. For example, OSHA states that for every 25 workers, a safety coordinator must be assign. Safety harness must be worn if an employee is elevated six-feet high. Seatbelt and headlights must be worn when operating a mobile vehicle. The construction industry is the most dangerous job in America. This particular industry has more fatality than any other industry in the world. 1,186 fatal injuries were recorded by OSHA in 2005.

    • Word count: 842
  15. A psychological question

    This illustrates the reciprocal nature between people and the environment. The second idea is self-monitoring, where individuals monitor their behaviour and develop a 'picture' of themselves. This allows the individual to judge and evaluate their behaviours. Next, it leads to self-reinforcement, which is an internal process of self-rewarding or self-punishment. For example, a person may be happy, after solving a problem, even when no one is around. Lastly, there is self-efficacy. This is where the individual develops an awareness of their abilities. For example, when learning a new concept, an individual with high self-efficacy have higher confidence, than someone with low-efficacy.

    • Word count: 553
  16. The Fun Theory

    "The Fun Theory" is based on the idea that making the world more fun can improve people's behavior. Several experiments by Volkswagen, launching their brand-new eco-friendly series, proved the fun theory. One of them is what you saw just now. This campaign is an initiative to get people to change their careless behaviors by allowing them to see the fun side of acting responsibly. Then, what makes 'the fun theory' work well? The effectiveness of 'the fun theory' can be divided largely into two things. Above all, the fun theory just tries to make something fun to do. Fun is the strongest motivation factor in human. If you find something very interesting, you feel strongly to do it.

    • Word count: 889
  17. Understanding Addictive Behavior

    The value message that many families are expecting the school's health program to teach is watered down. From a student's perspective, the schools seem to be mixing the messages about drug facts, drug effects and reasons a person might use drugs. The classes themselves are boring and repetitive with regard to the clinical affects of drugs. Schools seem, more and more, to be teaching the belief that not only will drugs be used by high school students but that the reasons for drug use are more important than the fact of the use or how to prevent use at all.

    • Word count: 596
  18. Psychology:conformity

    The three main studies which were done were Asch study with the lines. This study was done in 1955. Asch wanted to see how other people's opinions and views affected an individual person participating in this study. In the study 7-9 college students were told to enter a classroom. They were told it was an experiment concerning psychological reasons to do with visual judgments. One factor however was that the participant didn't have any idea that the people in the groups were confederates, overall there were 123 participants. The person in charge of doing the experiment (experimenter)

    • Word count: 1745
  19. How Racist Are You?

    In my opinion things like this would give Jane Eliot the manipulation results she wanted from doing something like this. The editing of the video footage did a great job of highlighting the impacts and comparisons especially. The cameras did a great job of capturing the expressions on peoples faces from both the blue and brown eyed groups. What the editing did well was to highlight the comparisons. For example during the video, when a bold statement has just been said by somebody, the faces of the blue eyed and brown eyed can be compared quickly between one another for the maximum effect of the situation.

    • Word count: 668
  20. Explain and assess the mind and body debate in relation to two branches of psychology

    Or mental process as in what is inside the brain or the cognitive side of the debate. It may also tell us how the two biological and cognitive interact. Monism or materialism argues that the brain or physical matter is the only realism. This view suggests that everything cognitive can be explained in terms on the physical brain. So according to this view nothing exists apart from the biological side. Any talk of cognitive skills would therefore be irrelevant as biology is the only reality.

    • Word count: 512
  21. Memory Experiment Procedure

    If at any time you feel uncomfortable about this, you can withdraw anytime before or during the experiment. After you have finished, we will give you a debriefing of our intentions with the results and how I was testing you. Instructions - Condition 1 For this experiment, we will read out 10 pairs of words for you to remember e.g. grass-plate. After we have read out the word pairs, we will repeat one word from each pair and you will have to name the other word in that pair e.g.

    • Word count: 408
  22. Advertizment analysis

    When you are looking on the advert for the first time, your eyes are going directly to the apple-perfume in the right top corner. It is because the rest of the picture is a little bit faded. The apple-perfume itself is shiny. The princess� sight is on the apple-perfume and that�s why we look on that at the first place. The apple-perfume picture is not really big; however it generates interest because everything on the advert is focused on that.

    • Word count: 1618
  23. Psychology Essay

    This disorder is sometimes difficult to diagnosis due to the fact that its symptoms closely resemble depression and other disorders. The second Anxiety Disorder is Panic Disorder which is "marked by the occurrence of panic attacks - sudden, severe states of anxiety so extreme that the individual is unable to function effectively for a time period that can range from minutes to hours"(571). People are diagnosed with this disorder when they have at least three of these attacks in a period of three weeks along with some of the physiological symptoms during the attack.

    • Word count: 864
  24. Psychology of Sports Coaching

    On the other hand, a serious competitor winning a tournament and getting medals or trophies is also a way of seeing the achievement and progression of the performer. These achievements either simple or complex achievements both give the performers the motivation to continue their hard work and succeed to a greater extent.

    • Word count: 535

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