• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15

A Critical Examination of the Sexual Life of Man In Sigmund Freud.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE SEXUAL LIFE OF MAN IN SIGMUND FREUD 1.0 INTRODUCTION It is a word that rings a bell, it penetrates all cultures and overwhelms all humanity. It means many things to many people; to some, it is sacred and should be treated with respect. To others, it is pleasurable and should be lured to without repression; expressed it is worded "human sexuality". Reiterating the central place which sexuality occupied in the life of man, Dietrich writers: Sex ... as contrasted with other departments of bodily Experience is essentially deep. Every manifestation of sex produces an effect which transcends the physical sphere and in a fashion quite unlike the other bodily desires involves the soul deeply in its passion ... (Dietrich, 1935:12-14) There is a crusade carried out to give sexual enlightenment to the youths and those who are ignorant of this all important and integral aspect of man. In this crusade some inquisitive minds may come in contact with some erroneous opinions that - claims to be authority on the subject. Therefore our concern here is to expose and criticize some of these erroneous opinions on human sexuality; so as to prevent frail, emotional and gullible minds against easy assimilation of such misgivings especially when it is not compatible with the injunctions of moral standards. One of such erroneous doctrines was postulated by Sigmund Freud, who is our cynosure in this work. Sigmund Freud extended the meaning of sexuality to include early childhood sucking for nourishment and evacuation of the content of the bowel. Consequently, he constructed the doctrine of psychosexual development, which is summarized as aiming at the libido. Another intriguing area is his description of instinct as a constant force from within which seeks after pleasure and cannot be controlled by the nervous system. For him then, there is no reason why sexual satisfaction should be repressed because of moral principles since it does not cause pain but pleasure. ...read more.

Middle

2.6 THE PHYSICALISTS VIEW OF HUMAN SEXUALITY The physicalists hold that there is a physiological energy that follows arousal, which is seeing outlets. They are of the view that all acts (that are not sexual intercourse) engaging the genitals are alternatively ways of tapping the same reservoir of psychological energy. This alternative channels such as masturbation, nocturnal emission, bestiality are due to non-coitus. According to Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, physicalists such as Ford and Beach saw sexual behaviour in terms of tension reduction and sex behaviour has some dependence on gonadal homones. Eayrs and Glass equally observed that hormone variables influence sexual behaviour, especially in women during oestrus. When these hormones are not released, they create tension. 2.7 THE SOCIALISTS' VIEW OF HUMAN SEXUALITY This group fundamentally between that tension result from non-coitus. Hence, they hold that all motives of social contacts are modifications of the sexual instinct. All social contact between opposite sex such as talking, playing are modified forms of achieving sexual life. For instance, sexual behaviour contains a non- verbal language through which individuals express or achieve sexual fulfillment. Such suggestive behaviouir as sensory exploration, gesture and wearing of cloths that reveals most part of the body (as mostly observed in women) are sexually related behaviours. From the data of this chapter ranging from biblical account of man's creation, where he was endowed with the gift of sexuality, sex is the most perceptible reality as is naturally seen in the complementarily of the opposite sexes, to the moralist view which situated sexuality in the confines of procreation, to psychologists, who saw it as analogous with personality development and the physicalists and the socialists inferences. Even though they disagreed in some areas, it is glaring that sexless life is against the nature of a normal human being. At this juncture, it becomes paramount to x-ray the Freudian doctrine of psychosexual development which forms the backdrop of this study 3.0: SIGMUND FREUD AND HUMAN SEXUALITY For Sigmund Freud, man is a being unto sex. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sexual intercourse is only one out of many end points of these natural needs for fulfillment from sexuality. Man indeed is a sexual being and not a being for sex. Freud's seemingly hyperbolic presentation of man as a being unto sex is questionable following its implications. a. OEDIPAL STAGE David R. Shaffer in criticizing Freud's oedipal age quoted Mcconagbu (1999) in pages 48 of his book "Development Psychology" writes; Clearly at this oedipal stage children were confused or ignorance about sex's differences in genital anatomy and it seems highly unlikely that they could be experiencing any castration anxiety or penis envy. b. IMPLICATION OF PSYCHOSEXUALITY ON MODERNITY In the ancient and medieval ages sex was seen as sacred. It was not discussed openly and that helped to maintain the sacredness and sanctity of sexuality. But with the advent of Freud and his doctrine on sex, sex seems to have been unmasked of all its taboo and every thing, sacred about sex have been desecrated and disdained. Following Freud, modern man views everything through the spectacle of sex. That we live in an oversexed age is as a result of Freudianism which ascertains that man is a being unto sex. Countering this position, Zimbardo Philip writes; Survival of the individual organism does not depend on satisfaction of the sexual drive, some animal and human remain celibate for a lifetime without apparent detriment to their daily functioning. 4.2: CONCLUSION We commend Freud for his work, especially going into the area which many people dreaded going into despite its relevance in our world and in our time. What is obvious is that man is a sexual being, in fact it is a study on course. But that man is a being unto sex is an excess on the part of Freud. Freud has not said the final word. What we need in this regard is honest introspective investigation into the nature of man and this will pave way for us to understand his sexuality and discard what is excess about Freudianism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will evaluate and explain the Social Learning Theory (SLT), which ...

    5 star(s)

    Therefore a cause-and-effect relationship can't be determined. Replication * The differences between natural settings make it difficult for the observations to be replicated. Ethics * Privacy is extremely important concerning observations. Unless the participants give consent to being observed, the observations should only be conducted in settings where those being observed would assume they were seen anyway e.g.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Freud's theory of psycho-sexual development

    5 star(s)

    However, for that to be completed, the wish for a penis has to be supplanted by a wish for a child, more specifically, a boy who has a penis that she longs for. In her Oedipal stage, she wants a baby with her Daddy, and since it is her mother

  1. A Study of Freud and Jung on the Values of Religious Belief.

    The opponent raises two key points: Without religion there would be anarchy, people will have no supreme force to answer to, chaos will come again. The second point is a little less extreme, to deprive people of religion would be cruel as religion is their one consolation.

  2. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    > Consider a child who clears snow off a neighbour's drive, and is then given money as a reward. > How can an observer know if the child's behaviour was altruistic or egoistic? > Social learning explanations of altruistic behaviour suggest that, > Young children tend to be motivated by

  1. Learning Revision Notes. Important terms and major experiments

    Successive Approximations: Breaking something down into manageable chunks. Vicarious reinforcement: when children are rewarded for their behavior Generalization & Discrimination: The learner will generalize by performing reinforced behavior in similar circumstances. A child who is praised when she is friendly towards visitors will generalize this behavior to others and if you don't want her to be friendly to

  2. Critically evaluate Nancy Chodorow's theory of the origins of gender identity in childhood. In ...

    Likewise, Freud considers how all children feel that their "mothers give some cause for complaint" (Chodorow 1989:52), for too little milk, another child etc. If this is the case, however, Chodorow points out that Freud does not acknowledge this hostility from the male offspring towards the mother as he does from female offspring.

  1. Autobiography - creative writing.

    Probably my most recent memory is when I fed a silvery marmoset a live maggot. It was an amazing experience. It all happened at Jersey Zoo.

  2. Different Theories and theorists in Human behaviour

    He found them impressive and exciting and wanted to learn more. 1945, skinner became the chairman of psychology department at India University. 1948 he was invited to come to Harvard, where he remained for the rest of his life. Skinner was an active man who done research and guiding hundreds of doctoral candidates as well as writing many books.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work