• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Behaviourism focuses exclusively on external and observable behaviours. There are two main believers to that all behaviour is determined by environmental influences

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

P1 Behaviourism focuses exclusively on external and observable behaviours. There are two main believers to that all behaviour is determined by environmental influences (i.e. learning). They are Ivan Pavlov and Burrhus Frederic Skinner. They both say that all behaviour can be explained in terms of conditioning. There are two main types;- Classical conditional- learning by association- which was Pavlov main theory, he used this by doing an experiment on dogs- Pavlov harnessed a dog to an apparatus which, by means of a tube inserted in the animals cheek, and measured the amount of salvation obtained during the experiment. Salvation is the normal reflex response to food in the mouth, what he found was that hungry untrained dogs do not ...read more.

Middle

Skinner experiment was an apparatus known as 'skinner's box' which was an empty box apart from a lever and a food tray. A rat was placed in the box and when the rat pressed the lever a pellet of food was released into the food tray. His theory relies on the law of reinforcement which states actions which are immediately followed by rewards. The rat in skinners box learnt food was provided when ever it pressed the lever. Reinforcement- can be positive and negative reinforcement. Positive is tangible rewards- toys, sweets, money or intangible rewards, such as praise or affection. ...read more.

Conclusion

Operant-this is an example of positive reinforcement of smiling- if two children who infrequently smiled at other people were taken on walks and if they smiled at passers by, give them a treat of some kind (i.e. sweet). It would cause the two children to smile much more often then they had before. Reinforcement- A child misbehaving would be shouted at but when they stop being naughty you take away the negative condition by stop yelling at them, so you've enforced negative reinforcement. For a positive reinforcement you would reward the child every time they do something good therefore they would keep doing good things to be rewarded. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will evaluate and explain the Social Learning Theory (SLT), which ...

    5 star(s)

    * Non-participant observation is when a researcher remains separate from the group. * They may also be disclosed if they inform the people they are observing, that they are observing them. Or they remain undisclosed and not tell them. * If a researcher is observing people without their knowledge, then

  2. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    They found that when the temperature was moderately hot, around 84 degrees, violence was highest, when temperatures got hotter, aggression declined. > This confirms the finding that temperature can act as a stressor leading to the response of aggression. > However, other evidence does not support the notion that aggressive behaviour declines when the heat becomes extreme.

  1. Ego's and social health

    For example, if people do not get the approval they need in order to develop a healthy ego, they become starved for approval. This may result in them scarifies their power or acting the victim to receive the approval they so much what.

  2. media influences on behaviour

    Other forms of human behavior and activities may not be given an equal opportunity in the entertainment industry. Those choosing what will entertain society seem to be admitting that violence is viable type of human behavior and other forms appear less presentable, attractive and marketable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work