• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically evaluate the psychodynamic approach.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critically evaluate the psychodynamic approach. The psychodynamic approach, developed by Freud, emphasizes the interplay of unconscious psychological processes in determining human thought, feelings, and behaviour. The basis of this approach is that psychological factors play a major role in determining behaviour and shaping personality. Freud divided the human psyche into three; the ID, ego and superego. He said you were born with ID which was in your unconscious and it comprised of selfishness and lack of awareness. The other two parts; the ego and superego were said to be in your conscious. The ego was comprised of awareness and consciousness and the superego of definite conscious where you begin caring about others. Freud believed that personality develops in psychosexual stages; in each stage a part of the body becomes the child's main source of pleasure. Failure to resolve conflicts at any stage can cause fixation, an unconscious preoccupation with the pleasure area associated with that stage. ...read more.

Middle

Defense mechanisms include; repression, where you prevent unacceptable desires by making them unconscious, therefore making you not aware of them. For example, victims of rape attacks may repress memories because they do not wish to remember them. Projection is another defense mechanism when peoples own faults or wishes are attributed to someone else, for example, calling someone else angry when it is actually you who is angry at them. Rationalising is when rational reasons or excuses are found to justify actions that have unconscious motives, for example eating chocolate even when on a diet because you do not want to waste it. Denial is when people sometimes refuse to believe events, like alcoholics deny they have a problem. Regression involves people responding to anxiety by acting in a childish way like stamping their feet or speaking in a childish voice. Displacement involves diverting emotions to someone else because the emotions cannot be expressed to the person concerned, or alternatively because accepting faults in ourselves will cause anxiety. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the theory Freud also suggests that abnormal behaviour is as a result of the parents. Saying this, by taking the responsibility of abnormal behaviour away from the patient, the psychoanalyst is also removing stigma to a certain extent. Freud's theory is also criticized for being based on an unrepresentative sample: his own patients, who were predominantly upper-class Viennese women with mental problems. Freud never examined patients from, or his theory with regard to, other cultures. I think that perhaps past mistakes, if an individual can learn from them, can help improve the future for those with problems in the future. To conclude, I think that Freud's psychodynamic approach does make sense, although it may be explained in other ways, and does explain a lot about a person's personality and habits and why they have these certain traits. Even though Freud was known as being a bit too over the top and eccentric with his ideas and theories, they do make great sense and are of great use to finding out about a certain person's personality and why they are like the way they are. It can be useful in further research. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    In some situations a crowd may be associated with enjoyment, as in a rock concert, or pro-social behaviour as in a peace gathering. However, if you are not enjoying yourself you might feel stressed, or behave anti-socially. > There is also the possibility of de-individuation in a crowded situation >

  2. How can Freud's Psychodynamic model help me to understand and change my life?

    I feel that while I was at school I may have internalised some of the negatives messages into my Ego. In some ways my Ego stopped looking after me. Through psychodynamic therapy I have begun to rebuild my Ego almost teaching it that the things that happened to me were

  1. Describe and evaluate any one approach to the study of Human behaviour.

    developed later, called the "superego", the superego is conscious and makes us aware of the moral and social standards of society and in particular of our parents. It is our conscience and it guides us to socially acceptable behaviour. According to Freud the ego dwells in the conscious mind whereas the id exists in the unconscious mind.

  2. Memory. In this investigation, my aim is to see whether shallow processing or deeper ...

    I I I I I I I - 8 I I I I I I - I I I I I I - 9 I I I I I I X I I I I I I I V 10 I I I I I I I V I I

  1. Uncovering the Defense Mechanisms in the Maya Epigraphy

    Their creative processes in the artwork still maintain much of their ancestral graphics although developmentally there are added elements which support an increase in their level of sophistication. The Maya epigraphy contained minute graphics resembling miniature drawings or pictorial compositional art, syllabic.

  2. Interacting with VoiceXML applications via a Voice User Interface.

    For example, provide a tutorial option for the first-time caller. This tutorial might play sample dialogs describing how to interact with to the application. Another option is to send a caller a web page link with dialog samples when they sign up for a voice service.

  1. Describe and evaluate any one approach to the study of Human Behaviour. Sigmund Freud's ...

    In contrast a young boy enters the Oedipus phase where both castration and the father figure are feared, but sexual relations with the mother are a fantasy. After the Phallic phase a period of latency is experienced where sexual development halts.

  2. A Critical Examination of the Sexual Life of Man In Sigmund Freud.

    The individual at this stage have double social needs; erotic need for the opposite sex and intimacy for the same peer. According to him, if the double social needs are met, the self-system becomes stabilized. But if confusion arises between these two social needs homosexuality results.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work