• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically evaluate the psychodynamic approach.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critically evaluate the psychodynamic approach. The psychodynamic approach, developed by Freud, emphasizes the interplay of unconscious psychological processes in determining human thought, feelings, and behaviour. The basis of this approach is that psychological factors play a major role in determining behaviour and shaping personality. Freud divided the human psyche into three; the ID, ego and superego. He said you were born with ID which was in your unconscious and it comprised of selfishness and lack of awareness. The other two parts; the ego and superego were said to be in your conscious. The ego was comprised of awareness and consciousness and the superego of definite conscious where you begin caring about others. Freud believed that personality develops in psychosexual stages; in each stage a part of the body becomes the child's main source of pleasure. Failure to resolve conflicts at any stage can cause fixation, an unconscious preoccupation with the pleasure area associated with that stage. ...read more.

Middle

Defense mechanisms include; repression, where you prevent unacceptable desires by making them unconscious, therefore making you not aware of them. For example, victims of rape attacks may repress memories because they do not wish to remember them. Projection is another defense mechanism when peoples own faults or wishes are attributed to someone else, for example, calling someone else angry when it is actually you who is angry at them. Rationalising is when rational reasons or excuses are found to justify actions that have unconscious motives, for example eating chocolate even when on a diet because you do not want to waste it. Denial is when people sometimes refuse to believe events, like alcoholics deny they have a problem. Regression involves people responding to anxiety by acting in a childish way like stamping their feet or speaking in a childish voice. Displacement involves diverting emotions to someone else because the emotions cannot be expressed to the person concerned, or alternatively because accepting faults in ourselves will cause anxiety. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the theory Freud also suggests that abnormal behaviour is as a result of the parents. Saying this, by taking the responsibility of abnormal behaviour away from the patient, the psychoanalyst is also removing stigma to a certain extent. Freud's theory is also criticized for being based on an unrepresentative sample: his own patients, who were predominantly upper-class Viennese women with mental problems. Freud never examined patients from, or his theory with regard to, other cultures. I think that perhaps past mistakes, if an individual can learn from them, can help improve the future for those with problems in the future. To conclude, I think that Freud's psychodynamic approach does make sense, although it may be explained in other ways, and does explain a lot about a person's personality and habits and why they have these certain traits. Even though Freud was known as being a bit too over the top and eccentric with his ideas and theories, they do make great sense and are of great use to finding out about a certain person's personality and why they are like the way they are. It can be useful in further research. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Discuss the psychodynamic approach to psychology.

    The libido is again focused on the genitals in this stage, but generally involves sexual exploration with a partner. Conflict in each of these stages and between the structure of the personality is very important in Freud's theory. The conflict must be resolved in each stage of the development.

  2. Different Theories and theorists in Human behaviour

    In the course of actualisation and their potentials, people have created their own society and culture, as humans have created a culture it has created and life of its own, which singles out humans to nature. Rather that staying close to other aspects of nature, culture can become a force in its own rights.

  1. Outline and evaluate one theory of personality development based on the psychodynamic approach

    Stage 3 is the phallic stage between 4 to 6 years. Genitals and masturbation becomes a new source of pleasure. This is the stage that the Oedipus complex starts. Both boys and girls experience conflicting emotions in relation to their same and opposite sex parents and how successfully these are resolved is crucial for future personality development.

  2. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    > Naturalistic study - Baron and Ransberger (1978) showed that incidences of violence could be related to high air temperatures. They used collected data on incidents of group violence in the US as well as the corresponding weather reports.

  1. Memory. In this investigation, my aim is to see whether shallow processing or deeper ...

    We are more than happy to answer any questions you would like answering to. Thank you once again RESULTS TEST RESULTS Number of participants Condition A Condition B 1 I I I I I I I I I I V I I I I I I I I X 2

  2. How can Freud's Psychodynamic model help me to understand and change my life?

    I was treated as an outcast by nearly everyone; I was spat at, ignored, teased and put down. During therapy I began to see in my mind a monster. It was black with red eyes. I had often had nightmares involving such a creature.

  1. Uncovering the Defense Mechanisms in the Maya Epigraphy

    It led to the depletion of resources that created leaner times, and as a result the Maya civilization dissolved in order to survive by blending outward and losing their original hierarchal structure. The Maya culture is alive and thriving within the borders of Central America, including Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, as well as the Yucatan.

  2. Describe and evaluate any one approach to the study of Human behaviour.

    This is the part of our mind that is aware and is in contact with the outside world and which, hence, understands the consequences for behaviour and actions. This is known as "secondary process thinking". As well as these two parts Freud also claimed there was a third part, which

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work