• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe and evaluate Bowlby's theory of attachment.. 10 marks

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Describe and evaluate Bowlbys theory of attachment (10)? Bowlby believed that babies have a biological need for an attachment with an adult carer (most often the mother), this is a biologically mechanism as it keeps the baby close to the mother for survival this would be done by both parent and child. The attachment instinct promotes survival in three ways: keeping the baby close for food and protection; to provide a safe base for exploration; also to help form future relationships with stranger (e.g. by introducing the baby). Bowlbys theory came under five sections, Firstly ?Monotropy? this is the belief that infants form one very special attachment with their mother. This special intense attachment is called Monotropy, if the mother is not present the infant could bond with another ever present adult (mother-substitute) ...read more.


Genie). Fourth there is ?Deprivation? this is when a child has formed an attachment to a care giver, but this attachment is broken through separation deprivation. Bowlby said children experience deprivation if they are separated from a caregiver for a week or longer in the first five years of their life another name used is ?Maternal deprivation? this can cause children to be clingy or over demanding, may develop a phobia about going out or to school. Those who experience maternal deprivation were more likely to become ?affectionless psychopaths? this could happen with children who had been in hospital, parents have gone to prison, children taken away by social services or if the parent is in the army. Furthermore Bowlby also thought that Infants give off signals that make people want to care for them. ...read more.


This point disagrees with Bowlbys theory because he believed we can only form one solid bond with our mothers (Monotropy). Following this the critical period is to extreme because this may not be a critical period but just a sensitive one, so maybe the first three years is the best time to form an attachment but not the only time there is still an opportunity after this even though this contradicts Bowlbys theory because he was sure that the only period to form attachment was form birth up until 2 ½ years. The theory can explain why attachments become fully developed at about the same time that a child starts to move. As the child become mobile a mechanism is required that makes it want to stay close to its attachment figure. Another evaluation point is that attachment is learnt or innate; this links to the theory because Bowlby believed that the ability for form attachment was innate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

The writer clearly demonstrates good knowledge of Bowlby?s theory and the associated terminology. Key aspects of the theory are very well described. The only development point I have is to include some examples to illustrate the points made regarding the evaluation of the theory. The writer states there is evidence that children can form multiple attachments ? what is this evidence exactly?
There are a few odd grammatical errors, so please do read through the finished piece carefully to eliminate these. The writing style was good overall.

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 09/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will evaluate and explain the Social Learning Theory (SLT), which ...

    5 star(s)

    Noble, reports that one child arriving at the experiment said to his mother "look Mummy, there's the doll we have to hit". Bandura's study also looks at a doll rather than a person (who would tend to hit back). However Bandura responded to this criticism by conducting another experiment where

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Health and social care - Physical, intellectual and emotional need.

    4 star(s)

    The health, social care and early year's service were developed to help us as individuals. Our needs include: * Physical needs * Intellectual needs * Emotional needs * Social needs Maslows pyramid of needs Abraham Maslow suggested that our basic needs could be arranged in level of importance.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast two psychological perspectives I am going to research the psychodynamic ...

    3 star(s)

    Freud used the term ego strength to refer to the ego's ability to function despite these dueling forces. A person with good ego strength is able to effectively manage these pressures, while those with too much or too little ego strength can become too unyielding or too disrupting.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Freud's theory of psycho-sexual development

    5 star(s)

    Thus, he manages to retain his maternal love-object, without subsequently alienating his father. For the little girl, the castration complex leads her to develop a hostility towards her mother, as her love was only for her phallic mother. Once she 'realises' that her mother has been castrated as well, she loses all respect and love for her.

  1. Peer reviewed

    Critically evaluate the psychoanalytic approach

    4 star(s)

    This is Freud's reality principle. The Ego directs the individual's behaviour in two ways: Mediates between the greedy id and reality, motivates the individual to gain status/ power. By acting in is interest the ego will satisfy the demand of the ID.

  2. Critically Evaluate Freud's Theory.

    Jung did not agree with the distinction between content and meaning. To him dreams had no disguised meaning, but directly reflected the minds current state. Their content included thoughts, memories and emotions from the day's conscious events and images reflecting our unconscious world.

  1. Critically evaluate Nancy Chodorow's theory of the origins of gender identity in childhood. In ...

    Chodorow understands the significance of the child's first identification with it's mother as does Freud however, this of course would be impossible to disagree with due to the mother's importance for a child when considering care and feeding needs for example.

  2. Feral children essay. In this essay, I will share with you three modern ...

    When the local tribe's women found him he was not able to cry or talk.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work