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Describe and evaluate Bowlby's theory of attachment.. 10 marks

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Introduction

´╗┐Describe and evaluate Bowlbys theory of attachment (10)? Bowlby believed that babies have a biological need for an attachment with an adult carer (most often the mother), this is a biologically mechanism as it keeps the baby close to the mother for survival this would be done by both parent and child. The attachment instinct promotes survival in three ways: keeping the baby close for food and protection; to provide a safe base for exploration; also to help form future relationships with stranger (e.g. by introducing the baby). Bowlbys theory came under five sections, Firstly ?Monotropy? this is the belief that infants form one very special attachment with their mother. This special intense attachment is called Monotropy, if the mother is not present the infant could bond with another ever present adult (mother-substitute) ...read more.

Middle

Genie). Fourth there is ?Deprivation? this is when a child has formed an attachment to a care giver, but this attachment is broken through separation deprivation. Bowlby said children experience deprivation if they are separated from a caregiver for a week or longer in the first five years of their life another name used is ?Maternal deprivation? this can cause children to be clingy or over demanding, may develop a phobia about going out or to school. Those who experience maternal deprivation were more likely to become ?affectionless psychopaths? this could happen with children who had been in hospital, parents have gone to prison, children taken away by social services or if the parent is in the army. Furthermore Bowlby also thought that Infants give off signals that make people want to care for them. ...read more.

Conclusion

This point disagrees with Bowlbys theory because he believed we can only form one solid bond with our mothers (Monotropy). Following this the critical period is to extreme because this may not be a critical period but just a sensitive one, so maybe the first three years is the best time to form an attachment but not the only time there is still an opportunity after this even though this contradicts Bowlbys theory because he was sure that the only period to form attachment was form birth up until 2 ½ years. The theory can explain why attachments become fully developed at about the same time that a child starts to move. As the child become mobile a mechanism is required that makes it want to stay close to its attachment figure. Another evaluation point is that attachment is learnt or innate; this links to the theory because Bowlby believed that the ability for form attachment was innate. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

The writer clearly demonstrates good knowledge of Bowlby?s theory and the associated terminology. Key aspects of the theory are very well described. The only development point I have is to include some examples to illustrate the points made regarding the evaluation of the theory. The writer states there is evidence that children can form multiple attachments ? what is this evidence exactly?
There are a few odd grammatical errors, so please do read through the finished piece carefully to eliminate these. The writing style was good overall.
4/5

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 09/08/2013

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