• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Determinism in the biological perspective

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how determinism relates to the biological perspective Determinism is an important aspect in the biological perspective. This perspective focuses on a biological basis in explaining behaviour. The key element of hormones, neurotransmitters, genes and brain structures suggests how behaviour is influenced. Consequently, this perspective is deterministic, due to the fact that it emphasise that some behaviours may be biologically determined. Hence, it suggests that humans may have limited control and free will is determining their behaviours. Several empirical studies have outlined the deterministic aspects in this perspective. However, it may be reductionist to only focus on biological elements to explain complex human behaviours because there is evidence that suggests that cognitive and behavioural factors can also play an important role in determining behaviour. ...read more.

Middle

Lorenz illustrates the deterministic aspects in the biological perspective. The duckling's lack of ability to choose the object or person to imprint on depicts their lack of free-will, because they were unable to "choose" their behaviour. However, another possible explanation is that there was a "critical period" in which this needs to occur, which shows the interaction between genes and the environment. Thus, behaviour may not be 100% biologically pre-determined. The significance of determinism in the biological perspective is also evident in a study by Noam Chomsky, on the role of the language acquisition device (LAD). Chomsky studied a girl, who was known as "Genie", who was locked in a room for 13 years. ...read more.

Conclusion

but it is not full determined; not 100% of the twins developed depression, thus allowing the possibility that environmental, and possibly cognitive, factor that can influence behaviour. Thus, the study by Lorenz and Chomsky outlines the deterministic elements in the biological perspective. It suggests that behaviour may be pre-determined, but not 100%, where biological factors, such as innate mechanisms (the LAD) plat an important role in influencing human behaviour. Hence, determinism is an important aspect related to the biological perspective. However, there may also be a role for the interaction between the individual and the environment and cognitive aspects which could influence behaviour, as shown by Chomsky's study on "Genie" and McGuffin's study on twins with depression. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

5 star(s)

Response to the question

This is an excellent essay. It is very succinct and to-the-point, very rarely writing anything that does not directly score marks/is unrelated to the question. The candidate provides a good indication of their understanding of both determinism, the biological approach, ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This is an excellent essay. It is very succinct and to-the-point, very rarely writing anything that does not directly score marks/is unrelated to the question. The candidate provides a good indication of their understanding of both determinism, the biological approach, and the role of determinism in explaining behaviour through biological means. The evaluation shown is balanced and provide two studies supporting of the presence of determinism in biological studies and two that prove that biology does not 100% determine behaviour. A little more clarity could be useful here, as many of the studies are outlined in brief and those unfamiliar with them may not fully understand the theories behind them, such as in McGuffin's study, where it should be made clear the use of a sample of monozygotic twins, rather than dizygotic or a mixture of both.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis is prescriptive and may comes across regimented, but this really is the best way to convey all the necessary information the question requires. The discussion about the empirical evidence for and against determinism in the biological approach is balanced and makes a good argument that uses it's psychological studies well. As stated earlier, some extra background to some of the studies could be useful, and the links to determinism must be made very clear, as there are marks for establishing the relevance of studies in accordance with the question. For example, Chomsky's case study on "Genie" could also be analysed for cognitive individual differences, and so them this study would have to be linked in a different way to a different aspect of psychology.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication here is very good. All signs indicate a candidate who is proficient and writes with a good level of understanding of a wide variety of psychological terminology. This shows the examiner a comfortability with the language of the professionals and is a great way of making your essay sound more confident. From an English perspective, there is no cause for concern with regards to spelling, grammar or punctuation.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 20/08/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will evaluate and explain the Social Learning Theory (SLT), which ...

    5 star(s)

    involves questioning participants' views about traumatic experiences, which could cause them anxiety. section 3: non-experimental methods Non-experimental methods These are research methods in which the independent variable isn't manipulated by the experimenter. Correlational analysis * A correlation is a measure of the relationship between two variables (You could say it's like co-relation, but with an extra 'r').

  2. Peer reviewed

    Discuss issues with biological therapies

    5 star(s)

    Tetracyclic drugs like Prozac are also not free from serious side-effects, including impairment of sexual function and abnormal aggression. However, antidepressant drugs have been effective in reducing symptoms. These have been tested in trials with placebos and found to be effective in reducing symptoms of severe depression in around 65% to 75% of cases compared to around 33% for placebos.

  1. Peer reviewed

    Findings of the Obedience Studies

    4 star(s)

    Another beneficial effect was that the participants learnt from their actions, and (whether a negative aspect or not), were able to discover more about themselves. To support this, in a follow-up questionnaire, just less than 1% of the participants said that they had any regrets about becoming involved in the study.

  2. Learning Revision Notes. Important terms and major experiments

    complete strangers then ensure that she only receives praise when she is friendly to people the parents know. This is discriminating. Behavior shaping: Reinforcement can be used to shape completely new behavior by reinforcing a narrower and narrower range of behaviors.

  1. "Some mothers choose to stay at home and look after their children while others ...

    as the conditioned or secondary reinforcer, and the food being an unconditioned or primary reinforcer). The infant will eventually begin to develop a sense of security when this caregiver is present. These theories have been challenged by an Ethologists 'Harlow' whose studies involved monkeys.

  2. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    Results: > Children in condition one behaved most aggressively > Those in condition two behaved least aggressively. > However an important distinction must be made between learning and performance. - > All the children learnt how to behave aggressively but those in condition two did not perform as many aggressive

  1. Memory. In this investigation, my aim is to see whether shallow processing or deeper ...

    Furthermore, they are legally entitled to withdraw whenever they feel like it. Ethics are used so that we do not invade personal privacy. Ethics to do with this are confidentiality and withdrawal. Confidentiality means that the participants' data and results are not shown to any one else but kept anonymous,

  2. media influences on behaviour

    Television is a focal component of American life. American children spend less time in school than watching TV (Sege 32).Yale graduate, Dr. Robert Sege is a physician and researcher studying the development of a medical response or eventual cure to violence involving children and adolescents.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work