• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Determinism in the biological perspective

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how determinism relates to the biological perspective Determinism is an important aspect in the biological perspective. This perspective focuses on a biological basis in explaining behaviour. The key element of hormones, neurotransmitters, genes and brain structures suggests how behaviour is influenced. Consequently, this perspective is deterministic, due to the fact that it emphasise that some behaviours may be biologically determined. Hence, it suggests that humans may have limited control and free will is determining their behaviours. Several empirical studies have outlined the deterministic aspects in this perspective. However, it may be reductionist to only focus on biological elements to explain complex human behaviours because there is evidence that suggests that cognitive and behavioural factors can also play an important role in determining behaviour. ...read more.

Middle

Lorenz illustrates the deterministic aspects in the biological perspective. The duckling's lack of ability to choose the object or person to imprint on depicts their lack of free-will, because they were unable to "choose" their behaviour. However, another possible explanation is that there was a "critical period" in which this needs to occur, which shows the interaction between genes and the environment. Thus, behaviour may not be 100% biologically pre-determined. The significance of determinism in the biological perspective is also evident in a study by Noam Chomsky, on the role of the language acquisition device (LAD). Chomsky studied a girl, who was known as "Genie", who was locked in a room for 13 years. ...read more.

Conclusion

but it is not full determined; not 100% of the twins developed depression, thus allowing the possibility that environmental, and possibly cognitive, factor that can influence behaviour. Thus, the study by Lorenz and Chomsky outlines the deterministic elements in the biological perspective. It suggests that behaviour may be pre-determined, but not 100%, where biological factors, such as innate mechanisms (the LAD) plat an important role in influencing human behaviour. Hence, determinism is an important aspect related to the biological perspective. However, there may also be a role for the interaction between the individual and the environment and cognitive aspects which could influence behaviour, as shown by Chomsky's study on "Genie" and McGuffin's study on twins with depression. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

5 star(s)

Response to the question

This is an excellent essay. It is very succinct and to-the-point, very rarely writing anything that does not directly score marks/is unrelated to the question. The candidate provides a good indication of their understanding of both determinism, the biological approach, ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This is an excellent essay. It is very succinct and to-the-point, very rarely writing anything that does not directly score marks/is unrelated to the question. The candidate provides a good indication of their understanding of both determinism, the biological approach, and the role of determinism in explaining behaviour through biological means. The evaluation shown is balanced and provide two studies supporting of the presence of determinism in biological studies and two that prove that biology does not 100% determine behaviour. A little more clarity could be useful here, as many of the studies are outlined in brief and those unfamiliar with them may not fully understand the theories behind them, such as in McGuffin's study, where it should be made clear the use of a sample of monozygotic twins, rather than dizygotic or a mixture of both.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis is prescriptive and may comes across regimented, but this really is the best way to convey all the necessary information the question requires. The discussion about the empirical evidence for and against determinism in the biological approach is balanced and makes a good argument that uses it's psychological studies well. As stated earlier, some extra background to some of the studies could be useful, and the links to determinism must be made very clear, as there are marks for establishing the relevance of studies in accordance with the question. For example, Chomsky's case study on "Genie" could also be analysed for cognitive individual differences, and so them this study would have to be linked in a different way to a different aspect of psychology.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication here is very good. All signs indicate a candidate who is proficient and writes with a good level of understanding of a wide variety of psychological terminology. This shows the examiner a comfortability with the language of the professionals and is a great way of making your essay sound more confident. From an English perspective, there is no cause for concern with regards to spelling, grammar or punctuation.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 20/08/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will evaluate and explain the Social Learning Theory (SLT), which ...

    5 star(s)

    involves questioning participants' views about traumatic experiences, which could cause them anxiety. section 3: non-experimental methods Non-experimental methods These are research methods in which the independent variable isn't manipulated by the experimenter. Correlational analysis * A correlation is a measure of the relationship between two variables (You could say it's like co-relation, but with an extra 'r').

  2. Peer reviewed

    Discuss issues with biological therapies

    5 star(s)

    Tetracyclic drugs like Prozac are also not free from serious side-effects, including impairment of sexual function and abnormal aggression. However, antidepressant drugs have been effective in reducing symptoms. These have been tested in trials with placebos and found to be effective in reducing symptoms of severe depression in around 65% to 75% of cases compared to around 33% for placebos.

  1. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    Its novelty value is important. Its fun! * Cumberbatch (1990) reported that children who were unfamiliar with the doll were five times more likely to initiate aggressive behaviour against it than children who had played with it before. > There is the problem of demand characteristics.

  2. Personality Psychology

    While most people can live pretty normal lives with mild personality disorders (or more simply, personality traits), during times of increased stress or external pressures (work, family, a new relationship, etc.), the symptoms of the personality disorder will gain strength and begin to seriously interfere with their emotional and psychological functioning (Gunderson, 1998).

  1. Learning Revision Notes. Important terms and major experiments

    This supports the Law of Effect. Kohler (insight learning) Put chimpanzees in cages and they had sticks to get the fruit outside. These principles were tested by B.F. Skinner (1938) Skinner devised a Skinner box with a mechanism like a lever or a key which will deliver a food pellet to the animal inside.

  2. Highlight the key features/tenets of Freud's and Murray's theories of personality. Identify key similarities ...

    Now, I am going to talk about Freud's five stages of psychosexual development. According to Freud, psychosexual development is an innate sequence of stages through which all human beings pass. At each stage, pleasure is focused on a different region of the body.

  1. Different Theories and theorists in Human behaviour

    Instead, skinner relied on statistical descriptions of people. Maslow's hierarchy of needs was an alternative to the disappointing determinism of Freud and skinner. Maslow felt that people are basically trustworthy, self-protecting and self-governing. Humans have a tendency towards love and growth.

  2. How would you apply Stanislavski's principles of tempo rhythm, emotion memory, action and 'magic ...

    This all then creates fluidity. 'On the stage you must always be enacting something; action, motion is the basis of the art of the actor'- 'An Actor Prepares' To create realistic movements, energy must be directed at that physical motion and the inner feeling.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work