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Freud developed his theory in the early 1990's. According to Freud, there are 3 personality structures, separate from each other, influencing our behaviour. These are the ID, ego and super ego.

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Introduction

Psychology Assignment Introduction Freud developed his theory in the early 1990's. According to Freud, there are 3 personality structures, separate from each other, influencing our behaviour. These are the ID, ego and super ego. In this investigation, we concentrated particularly on the psychosexual development; we are born with sexual desires but change as we get older and the way we express them. When our desires change, we go to the next stage. There are 5 separate stages: 1) ORAL - child's lips get sensitised. 2) ANAL - anal muscles become sexually sensitised. 3) PHALIC - Most important stage of our life, the genitals become sensitised. The boys go through the Oedipus complex and the girls go through the Electra complex. These are when the child has sexual feelings for the parent of the opposite sex. However, they are terrified if the parent of the same sex will find out and so repress their thoughts into the unconscious mind so that in future they will be forgotten. 4) LATENCY - no area of sensitisation. Known as period of rest. 5) GENITAL - coincides with puberty. Start to engage in sexual activities with opposite sex. ...read more.

Middle

The type of job the person has; 2) The enjoyment and satisfaction rating. This was measured as a score out of 10 being the highest rate of enjoyment. Results Table - scores Smokes/ Bites nails Not smoke/ Bites nails TYPE OF JOB SCORE TALIKING 5.4 NOT TALIKING 5.4 TYPE OF JOB SCORE TALIKING 8.0 NOT TALIKING 6.4 Average scores: TYPE OF JOB AVERAGE SCORE TALIKING 6.7 NOT TALIKING 5.9 The table and graph show the results of the average scores given by the participants in each category. From the results, I have found: Hypothesis 1 - people who smoked or bit their nails scored their jobs exactly the same as the people who had non-talkative jobs, this means it does not support my first hypothesis. Hypothesis 2 - people who did not smoke or bite their nails did score the non-talking jobs higher than the talking jobs, therefore it did fit my second hypothesis. My first hypothesis was an example of a Null hypothesis, there was no significant different in scores for talking jobs to non-talking jobs for people who smoke or bite their nails. My second hypothesis was an example of an alternate hypothesis because there was a difference between the scores of talking jobs to non-talking jobs for people who didn't smoke or bite their nails. ...read more.

Conclusion

The people who were mainly asked were the student's parents or people they knew very well, this did not represent the majority of the community so the results were not very representative. To make the sample more representative, we need a lot more people to question. We need to ask around a larger area and also people from various backgrounds. There were other problems with the end results: * How often do they smoke or bite their nails * Whether they were fixated in the oral stage - they could be biting their nails or smoking not to stimulate their lips but because of anxiety. * Eating, kissing, chewing etc also indicate oral fixation - these weren't taken to account. The people who did not smoke may have been orally fixated in a different way. This has affected our results because we don't have enough information to back our predictions. * The people who said they don't bite their nails or smoke may have done so in the past and recently given up. Does this mean they are still orally fixated? According to Freud this characteristic should persist through their whole life. * Talking jobs may be more popular because individuals enjoy interacting with other people, in general, talking jobs more than non-talking jobs. The person may not necessarily have been fixated in the oral stage. ...read more.

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