• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Gognitive psychology essay

Extracts from this document...


Cognitive psychology is study of how people perceive, think, remember, speak and solve problems. It is rather new discipline in psychology, than the behavioral psychology. The main aim of Cognitive Approach is to explain people's behavior with reference to their internal mental processes. Until the 1950s, behaviorism was the dominant school of thought in psychology. Between 1950 and 1970, the tide began to shift against behavioral psychology to focus on topics such as attention, memory, and problem solving. Often referred to as the cognitive revolution, this period generated considerable research including processing models, cognitive research methods and the first use of the term cognitive psychology. Early psychologist in the 19th century, such as Wundt, used subjective methods to explain behavior. He believed that psychology was the science of conscious experience and that trained observers could accurately describe thoughts, feelings, and emotions. ...read more.


Cognitive psychologists argue that events within a person are as important as environmental stimuli, in contrast to the Behaviorist approach - observation to the stimuli - response. These internal events are termed mediators, which come between the stimuli and response. They are memory - the process of storing information people received via the senses; perception - the process by which we analyse and make sense of incoming sensory information; thinking - the process of generating ideas and using symbols /language/ to represent these ideas; attention - the process by which we focus on sensory information so that we are prepared to response and language - a complex system of communication. This all is known as a Mediational Process. In addition the Cognition is about how we process the information we received in order to build up our knowledge of the world. ...read more.


When the questions are asked wrong, could bring to planting information, which was not there at the first time. However, the Cognitive psychology has a few limitations. It tends to omit emotional influences on behavior and does not take into account the environmental factors, such as family and education. Much of the work of Cognitive psychology is experimental and based in laboratories, which mean that participants behavior was ideological and with not ecological validity. In today's society Elizabeth Loftus's study of memory is used from criminal departments. Because her work raises doubt about the validity of long-buried memories of repeated trauma in particular--though it in no way disproves them--she has found herself asked to testify in some of the more famous trials of our time - the mass murderer Ted Bundy to accused child-killer George Franklin. 714 words ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Response to the question

This candidate responds well to the question, which asks about the rise and development of cognitive psychology. The candidate has shown clear knowledge of the practice of psychology, though more effort could be expended on the theories, as well as ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This candidate responds well to the question, which asks about the rise and development of cognitive psychology. The candidate has shown clear knowledge of the practice of psychology, though more effort could be expended on the theories, as well as the evidence for these theories. Simply mentioning the computer metaphor and touching on the studies that validate it's assumptions is not enough to get much higher than a middle/high C grade. The two studies are not explained clearly enough and are not tied to the cognitive approach explicitly enough, and there is not a sufficient amount of effort expended on the strengths and limitation of the cognitive approach. I would recommend re-evaluating what it is a question like this asks, and how it would be best to structure an answer that satisfies this.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis is quite poor. The candidate shows an extensive knowledge of the birth of cognitive psychology and does well to briefly compare it to the previous stronghold of psychological research, behaviourism. But there is not enough emphasis on the strengths and limitations of the cognitive approach, such as, for example, the reductionist tendencies of the cognitive approach due to studies being conducted under this approach collecting primarily quantitative data; or as a strength, the candidate could use the high control most studies have, due to be conducted under laboratory conditions. Without this analysis of the approach, only points for AO1 can be awarded, and they themselves can be considered quite poor due to the lack of the poor elaboration of the studies. I recommend that the candidate take a little more time on the studies that use the cognitive approach and slightly less context so that more time can be invested where the real marks are.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication is good. There is a sound appreciation of good grammar and spelling and there is a strong, confident use of complex terminology, each one being spelt correctly also. Other than that, there is very little else to say with regards to QWC because it is clear this candidate can proof-read their coursework to ensure clarity in their written expression.

Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 30/06/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will evaluate and explain the Social Learning Theory (SLT), which ...

    5 star(s)

    * Positive correlation: this is where high values on one variable are associated with high values on another variable. For example, time spent studying is positively correlated with exam mark. * Negative correlation: high values on one variable are associated with low variables on another variable.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast two psychological perspectives I am going to research the psychodynamic ...

    3 star(s)

    In addition, critics find fault with the demographically restricted sample of individuals on which Freud based the majority of his data and theory According to A. H. Almaas, It could be argued that using "free association' talking out methods using his theory on the tripartite theory that a patient

  1. Personality Psychology

    Case studies rely heavily on the interpretation of the observer, while self-report methods depend upon the memory of the individual of interest. Because of this, these methods tend to be highly subjective and it is difficult to generalize the findings to a larger population (Funder, 2001).

  2. Past IB Psychology Exam Questions Answers Paper 3

    will need to ask questions, record the answers as well as note down any body language, that can often come with the interviewee's response to the question. The interviewer will also need to be aware for what the body language means and sometimes they will need to ask for confirmation of their own interpretation body language.

  1. Learning Revision Notes. Important terms and major experiments

    Successive Approximations: Breaking something down into manageable chunks. Vicarious reinforcement: when children are rewarded for their behavior Generalization & Discrimination: The learner will generalize by performing reinforced behavior in similar circumstances. A child who is praised when she is friendly towards visitors will generalize this behavior to others and if you don't want her to be friendly to

  2. Primacy/ Recency Effect

    watch 8. paper 9. horse 10. cause 11. plate 12. faces 13. skate 14. reach 15. mango 16. mouse 17. doors 18. light 19. house 20. press Table of raw data to show how often each word from a list of 20 words was remembered by participants in a study into primacy and recency effect.

  1. Highlight the key features/tenets of Freud's and Murray's theories of personality. Identify key similarities ...

    By 6 or 7 the child enters the latency stage. Children's sexual desires are relatively weak. During this the child can concentrate on social and cognitive skills. The source of pleasure shifts from self to other persons. Finally, during puberty adolescents enter the genital stage.

  2. Different Theories and theorists in Human behaviour

    religious groups, clubs, work groups, gangs etc. Humans need to be felt loved (in a non-sexual way), they also need the comfort that they belong and have been accepted. Esteem needs: There are two types of esteem needs. * Self-esteem - results from competence or master of a task.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work