• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


HANS EYSENCK'S THEORY OF PERSONALITY Hans Eysenck (1916 - 1997) was a psychologist best remembered for his work on intelligence and personality, though he worked in a wide range of areas (Hans Eysenck). Eysenck was a psychologist at Mill Hill hospital during World War Two, where he conducted research concerning the reliability of psychiatric diagnosis (Sandra Jones, 2007). Earlier in 1950's Eysenck's theory measured personality according to two scalable dimensions, neuroticism (stability-instability) and introversion-extraversion (Alan Chapman, 2005); but later; in the late 1970s he realized that psychoticism was also a contributing factor of personality. He then added psychoticism into his theory as the third factor of his model giving birth to his Big-Three model of personality (Porzio, 2003). Figure: Eysenck's Factor Model of Personality (Copyright (c)a2zpsychology.com (2002-2006)) 1. NEUROTICISM Eysenck referred the tendency to experience negative emotions to neuroticism (Hans Eysenck). It's a dimension that ranges from normal, fairly calm and collected people to one's that tend to be quite "nervous." ...read more.


Emotionally stable people, who have a high activation threshold, experience negative affect only in the face of very major stressors--i.e., they are calm under pressure (PEN Model, 1999). 2. EXTRAVERSION-INTROVERSION The second dimension of his theory is extraversion-introversion; shy, quiet people versus out-going, even loud people. Eysenck hypothesized that extraversion-introversion is a matter of the balance of inhibition and excitation in the brain itself. Someone who is extraverted, he hypothesized, has good, strong inhibition (Dr. Boeree, 1998). Dr. C. George Boeree, in his 1998 article titled 'Hans Eysenck and other Temperament Theorists', summarized Eysenck's hypothesis of excitation and inhibition by the following: "An extrovert is someone who, when faced with a trauma, such as a car crash is 'numbed' to the experience. He remembers little of the circumstances of the accident and needs details to be supplied to him. As he remembers nothing, he continues to be unaffected and learns very little from his mistakes. An introvert, however, would remember everything about the crash in minute detail and is unlikely to carry on the activity as normal - he learns from his mistakes." ...read more.


Highly neuroticistic extraverts, on the other hand, are good at ignoring and forgetting the things that overwhelm them. They engage in the classic defense mechanisms, such as denial and repression of emotions or problems. They can conveniently forget a painful weekend, for example, or even "forget" their ability to feel and use their legs (Dr. Boeree, 1998). 3. PYSCHOTICISM At a latter stage in his research from his studies of mentally disturbed people, Eysenck added a third dimension of psychoticism. It can be related to risk-taking and eccentricity (Alan Chapman, 2005). This grouping of people seems to encompass what is commonly termed 'social misfit'. These people are often found to be cruel, insensitive and have no care for other people's feelings or existence (Sandra, 2007). His description of psychoticism states that a person will exhibit some qualities commonly found among psychotics, and that they may be more susceptible, given certain environments, to becoming psychotic. Examples of such psychotic tendencies include recklessness, disregard for common sense, and inappropriate emotional expression to name a few (Porzio, 2003).Psychoticism is associated not only with the liability to have a psychotic episode (or break with reality), but also with aggression (PEN Model, 1999). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Psychoanalytical Theory.

    The next stage, phase of autonomy is determined. The next stage, phase of autonomy versus shame and doubt, children deal with their emerging sense of autonomy but remain concerned and worried about their continuing dependency on adults and their inability to live up to adults demands and expectations.

  2. freud personality

    Reflex actions are automatic actions like scratching, breathing which are inbred. These are performed in order to reduce tension. Primary processes achieve the same but by adopting a more complex methodology. It relieves tension by creating an image which will fulfil the desire.

  1. Psychoanalytical Theory

    The Id can be considered the instructional forces, which focuses around sexual desires or drives. This is now the time when the infant knows nothing but the pleasure principle and when tension gets high it will only behave according to the pleasure it desires.

  2. Uncovering the Defense Mechanisms in the Maya Epigraphy

    Other supportive professions such as those involved in the mental health field, may also find this study interesting. Literature Review: In theory as standardized by Elizabeth Koppitz (Koppitz, E.

  1. Psychoanalytical Theory.

    these include; free association, where the patient lies down on a couch and speaks any words that come into their head. Analysis of slip of tongue was also one of his therapies. This is where Freud believes that if one said something accidentally he believed that they secretly wanted it to be true.

  2. Compare and contrast Freud's explanation of dreams a wish-fulfilment and Davidson's theory of action.

    However, we will not deal now with the differences between manifest and latent meanings, or with the particulars of the dynamics of primary and secondary processes. For the time being, let us rather assume in a very general way that all dreams fulfil some sort of desire - taking desire

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work