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How do we define Helping Behavior?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

(A) INTRODUCTION * How do we define Helping Behavior? Helping can be conceptualized as an interaction between helper and client that has the specific aim of resolving the client's presenting problem. (Processes in Helping Relationship, Thomas Ashby Wills) The helper provides benefit to others but it is not beneficial for the person who carries them out. (Baron, R. A., Byrne, D., & Johnson, B. T. 1998) This is called Altruism which is action intended solely to benefit another and not to gain external or internal reward for self. * How are Empathy and Helping Behavior related? Empathy is compassionate feelings caused by taking the perspective of a needy other and it sometimes called sympathy which is a form of feeling sorry for a separate other and it is easily moved by other's suffering. Since empathy is generally perceived to be a cause leading to helping behavior, we take this opportunity to investigate whether this perception is justified. (B) THE IDEOLOGY of our experiment * Why did we choose this Independent Variable? Psychologists' perspectives Referring to empathy-altruism hypothesis, (Batson, Klein, et al., 1995; Batson & Weeks, 1996) at least some helping behavior is motivated by the unselfish desire to help someone who needs help. ...read more.

Middle

We concluded that there is a low correlation in the two variables, "Empathy" & "the possibility of Helping". * What is the result for H2?(Re. Fig.2) To test H2, respondents are requested to take a photo after filling in the questionnaire. To our surprise, there were 71.43% of the objects accepted our request, while 80% of them did so in the control one. The result, which means the weighting between the test and control group, is just the opposite to that of the experiment for H1. (F) DISCUSSION * Do the findings justify our hypotheses? Based on the findings obtained, there are just tiny differences between the test group and the control group. Such a tiny difference is not enough in justifying our hypotheses that sympathy really makes helping behavior more possible. What's more, relatively speaking, there were slightly more people who agreed to take picture with our interviewers in the control group (80%) when compared with the test group (71%). Such finding contradicts with our hypothesis that sympathy makes a greater extent of helping behavior. * How did we analyze the findings? We tried to analyze our findings by thinking in two ways, that is whether the findings are really reflecting the reality or not. ...read more.

Conclusion

* What should we do to improve in doing experiment? Throughout the experiment, we learnt that a successful experiment requires an in-depth design of experiment procedures, variables and possible error which makes the research results inaccurate. Those are things that we may underestimate their importance in the past. If we got the chance to conduct this experiment again, we will choose a better venue, possibly not HKUST. Sai Kung may be a good place as people there are all strangers to us, and people there are generally relaxing, having time to help, it is more likely to test out the real helping behavior. Apart from venue, we will increase the sample size to make our result more significant and accurate. We would probably try a sample size of 200. * What did we learn to work in a team? Cooperation within the group, mutual support and involvement of group members are indispensable in making the success of a project. We have had many different opinions since we designed our DV and until we came up with this report. We shared but never argued. We are typical UST students, with piles of work and thousands of meetings. But we have worked closely no matter in doing the experiment, or consulting our professor and TA. Our group is definitely a cohesive one! ...read more.

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