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Loftus and Palmer

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Introduction

Psychology Objective - Examine the ethical issues in the study by Loftus and Palmer. To debate on the ethical issues in this study. Task 1- Pick any two ethical issues and discuss them. Give examples for each. Task 2- Outline any ethical issues found in the study conducted by Loftus and Palmer. Task 1- Right to Withdraw Right to withdraw means that the participant may choose to leave or "withdraw" from the experiment at any given point of time. It is entirely their choice and they must not be forced into completing the experiment. ...read more.

Middle

Sophie signs up at a local university as a volunteer for a psychological experiment. However, the next day she discovers the experiment is being held in a different city. She has no available transport and has the "right to withdraw" therefore she takes her name off the list. Equitable Treatment- Equitable treatment is when all participants who take part in the experiment are treated equally. Regardless of their race, skin color, heritage, financial stability, ect.. Example: Ron took part in a research held in the West Indies. People of all cultural backgrounds were asked to participate. ...read more.

Conclusion

Task 2 - Violation of Protection of Participants Protection of participants is a core ethical issue which is violated in the study conducted by Loftus and Palmer. The video clip of the car accident shown to the participants may have had a traumatizing effect or negative psychological impact on the viewers. Protection of participants was not considered as the details of the video were not disclosed prior to the viewing. Therefore, the experimenters did not know whether or not a negative impact could take place on the participants. Likewise, the participants did not have the opportunity to withdraw, which they might have done had they known a clip of a traumatizing accident was going to be shown. ...read more.

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Response to the question

A very systematic response, this essay excels in it's Response to the Question because the candidate has structured the answer so clearly and so effectively that it becomes very obvious that they possess both the knowledge to answer the proposed ...

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Response to the question

A very systematic response, this essay excels in it's Response to the Question because the candidate has structured the answer so clearly and so effectively that it becomes very obvious that they possess both the knowledge to answer the proposed question as well as the writing skills and essay ability to express that knowledge well.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis does stick to the bare minimum required to answer the question for top marks, and the response does feel very regimented (this is probably how candidates are expected to answer) and thus, whilst it may appear that the candidate is regurgitating text book knowledge, there is clear evidence they understand the case study given (Loftus & Palmer's study into the reliability of memory reconstruction) and the importance of ethical regard in psychological research.
Task 1 provides a good range of examples to illustrate the ethical issues they make, remembering to use approopriate terminology when required (Equitable Treatment, Right to Withdraw), putting each example in real life context so that even those who do not have a great awareness of Psychoplogical Research are able to understand these ethical issues.
Task 2 could be more detailed, such as explaining, prior to any evaluation of ethical regard, what the study entails. Doing this shows examiners that candidates are aware of what the whole study was aiming to investiage, rather than the one piece of infomration required to answer the proposed question, e.g. - "Protection of participants is a core ethical issue which is violated in the study conducted by Loftus and Palmer" instead could be: "Protection of participants is a core ethical issue which is violated in the study conducted by Loftus and Palmer's study in the reliability of memory reconstruction in eye-witness testimony" (this is an example of where the candidate could've improved their answer, just to set themselves ahead of the rest of top mark achievers).

Quality of writing

Tghe Quality of Written Communication is excellent. Not a single spelling mistake is made, nor a grammatical error or a misuse of punctuation.


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