• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

media influences on behaviour

Extracts from this document...


Outline and evaluate research theories in to media influences on behaviour. Certain forms of media compose the multi-billion dollar a year entertainment industry. The largest markets in the entertainment business are TV and movies. Almost one and a half billion Americans attend movies in the theatres each year. Over one billion households worldwide have at least one television set. TV and movies have positive aspects, which enhance the society. Numerous films and programs bring joy and satisfaction to many people; however a number of observers will argue that some elements of entertainment are not appropriate for young children. Violence on TV and in movies is a controversial aspect under much scrutiny nowadays. A reason TV and movies are under scrutiny is that children in America are exposed to more violence on TV with each passing year. The average American child watches 8,000 murders and 100,000 acts of violence before finishing elementary school. Studies suggest that television violence is responsible for the increase in childhood violence. Conversely, it is widely believed that American children are negatively affected by violence on TV and in movies because it desensitises them to violence, and leads to sometimes irreversible patterns of behaviour and actions in their adult lives. ...read more.


Zamora was said to be "brainwashed into living in a television fantasy world", rendering him incapable of understanding he was even committing a murder (Torr 21). This case is the first of many in which the defendant claims he or she was exposed to too much violence on TV or in video games. This case leads to a question: Does television violence directly affect the behavior of children? Is television violence responsible for the number of violent acts by America's youth? Thomas G. Moeller would agree. Moeller is a psychology professor at the University of Mary Washington and a licensed psychologist who specializes in youth behavior and is an expert in childhood violence. In Moeller's book, Youth Aggression and Violence, different studies are analyzed correlating the link between youth aggression and TV violence. One study highlighted in his book is done of three different Canadian towns. The towns, Notel, Unitel and Multitel all received the same government owned Canadian television networks. At the time of the study, the children in all three towns had the same aggression level. The towns were then introduced to three major U.S. networks. Soon after, the levels of both verbal and physical aggression among not only the youth but adults as well had increased dramatically. ...read more.


Sullum also suggests that the researchers see and record what they want to see. He quotes a psychologist named Jonathan Freedman who has done many studies on media violence and researched many aspects of TV, and he says, "The majority of studies do not find evidence that supports the notion that television violence causes aggression" (Torr 111). Sullum also argues that correlation does not prove causation. The fact that people act more violent when around violence doesn't mean that their actions are caused by it. Sullum writes that children acting aggressively could just be that violent or aggressive people prefer to watch violent entertainment (Torr 112). Finding a flawless means of testing the effects of TV violence on children seems not to be plausible. There will be those who support the studies supporting it and those who oppose. No one party is incorrect with their theories, but the question still remains if there is a direct correlation between what children see on TV and how they act. Regardless of what the studies show, what children see on TV is on the shoulders of the parents. America's mothers and fathers are directly responsible for not only what children watch on TV, but more importantly how a child is raised, and what kind of man or woman he or she is likely to become ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Different Theories and theorists in Human behaviour

    This can be distinct as the built-in motivation current in every life form to develop its potentials to the highest level as possible. Rogers believes that all creatures make every effort to make the very best of their life. Rogers's theory looks at: Why do we want air and water and food?

  2. Interpersonal Relationships

    creates their inner models of how to give care to others (Fiske, 2004). Belonging People tend to follow social norms in forming intimate relationships, to fulfill their core motive of belonging to the social group. People tend to believe that their own way of forming intimate relationships as better than

  1. Ego's and social health

    In this stage the child is in a practising phase - whereby they are able to explore the world - but have a understanding that even though they are separated from their primary care giver, that care, protection, ever-presence and power is always within reach.

  2. How do we define Helping Behavior?

    71.43% 16 80.00% No Photo 6 (6/21) 28.58% 4 20.00% Total 21 (21/30) 70.00% 20 66.67% Reject Total 9 (9/30) 30.00% 10 33.33% 30 100.00% 30 100.00% * What is the result for H1? (Re. Fig.1) To summarize the data, 70% of the objects helped complete our questionnaire in the

  1. Current and Past Drugs

    Cocaine was also used in surgical procedures to numb an specific area of pain. However, in the 1970's this substance was used for recreational.

  2. Child Sexual Abuse

    These prevention programs also encourage efficient skills, which can be used in any uncomfortable situation that could lead to sexual abuse. Although child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention programs promote and teach effective skills to use when confronted by an abuser, they do not successfully reduce sexual violence because of the

  1. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    and it is likely that much of the aggressive behaviour observed by Bandura was only play fighting.- Durkin (1995) > The Bobo doll is of interest to young children because it has a weighted base and so bounces back up when it is knocked down. Its novelty value is important.

  2. Memory. In this investigation, my aim is to see whether shallow processing or deeper ...

    X 5 I I I I I X I I I I I I I I I V 6 I I I I I I I I I - I I I I I I I I I - 7 I I I I I I I I - I

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work