• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic model of abnormality.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic model of abnormality. One of the most difficult tasks for those working within the field of psychology is to define abnormality. However, it is possible to try and define abnormality by using a range of models to help us, the psychodynamic model being one of them. It was Freud who developed the concept of the psychodynamic approach. The idea behind this was to use 'talking therapy' to bring past memories from the unconscious to the conscious. The unconscious is when you are doing or thinking something without being alert or aware that you are doing it. Along the idea of the unconscious Freud also developed the concept of the ID, the Ego and the Superego. The id is described as an impulsive, selfish side to our personality which is ruled by a pleasure principle, the superego is the moral part of our personality which recognises right from wrong; and our ego is the part of our mind which tries to rationalise and arbitrate both sides of our thoughts. ...read more.

Middle

The psychodynamic model consists of purely 'talking therapy' which means it is physically non invasive. No drugs or medication have to be used to solve the underlying mental disorder, unlike the biological model which consists purely of drug treatment and physically carrying out medical procedures. The psychodynamic model also helps us to find the root cause of the problem in the unconscious which helps the patient find a long term permanent cure, whereas in the biological model, the symptoms disappear in the patient but the underlying problem still exists. Another advantage of the psychodynamic model is that it's the first model which focuses on the importance of childhood. In the days of Freud it was thought that children were 'seen and not heard,' however after Freud's theory the importance of a child's first five years of childhood was recognised. The psychodynamic model is not culturally relative as you are directly focusing on one individual. This gives empowerment to the patient, and takes away the status divide between the doctor and the patient as the patient has all the answers in opposed to the doctor. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another limitation to using this model to define abnormality is that the method of relying on the first five years of a person's life is very specific as it dismisses all the problems after those five years such as menopause or the teenage years which makes this model too simplistic. In conclusion the psychodynamic model is a good way of defining abnormality as it uses more natural, physically non intrusive methods of treatment which are just as effective of dealing with the root problem. The basis of the treatment given regarding the id and the superego is one we can all understand and identify with, making the psychodynamic model favourable compared to the biological model, which deals with drugs as a method of treatment as well as possible chemical imbalance leading to mental illness. However there are a few limitations to this model such as the idea of it being very abstract and scientifically invalid which has been argued against by Kline (1980), and the idea of it causing more than the original problems, as well as the time, cost and money involved in the treatment. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sudha Purswani 12LML Miss Alverez ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Dreams Outline

    The Semantic section is a weak area in the brain. a. Without help from the hippocampus, new semantic memories are too weak to be intentionally recalled. b. Dreams will not be remembered without the hippocampus section. V. Back then, dreams were beliefs in the Ancient Roman Times, but today

  2. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using psychodynamic concepts of repression and resistance in ...

    On the other hand, if the patient rejects the therapist's interpretation of say a dream, that may simply be resistance by the patient's conscious mind to an unacceptable but entirely accurate interpretation made by the therapist. The problem with this is that therapist seems to win both ways because he

  1. Current and Past Drugs

    "Common users of illicit amphetamines included truck drivers on long commutes and athletes looking for better performance" (A Social History of America's Most Popular Drugs 2010). Students who were attending school gave the drug a name "pep pills" because it allowed them to stay up late studying.

  2. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    > In similar fashion, there are more acts of aggression and riots in prisons with a high density of prisoners than in those with a low density (McCain et al 1980). > Freedman suggests that the physiological arousal of a crowd heightens the mood you are in.

  1. How do we define Helping Behavior?

    decrease in the helping behavior in the control group and the test group respectively that makes the convergent result of the two groups. Base on this logic, we came up with 2 questions from our findings, they are Fall Help Why did people help even without the falling of experimenter?

  2. How can Freud's Psychodynamic model help me to understand and change my life?

    The Superego is largely unconscious though we do become aware of certain thing when they move into the preconscious. * Mastering Psychology. P243 Through psychodynamic therapy I discovered that I had repressed many memories. I believe these were being stored in my unconscious.

  1. Uncovering the Defense Mechanisms in the Maya Epigraphy

    M., Psychological Evaluation of Children' Human Figure Drawing), Viktor Lowenfield (Lowenfield, V., Creative and Mental Growth), and Dr. Myra Levick, ( Levick, Dr. Myra F., They Could Not Talk and So They Drew. ) age appropriate drawings tend to developmentally correlate specifically to psychoanalytic stages of development ( A.

  2. Ego's and social health

    In this stage the child is in a practising phase - whereby they are able to explore the world - but have a understanding that even though they are separated from their primary care giver, that care, protection, ever-presence and power is always within reach.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work