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Primacy/ Recency Effect

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Introduction

Introduction: The aim of the study by B. Murdock (1962) was to find out if the position of the words on the list was having an effect on the easiest way to remembered. B. Murdock have participants a number of words to remember and then he asked them to recall as many as they can remember, in any order. The results shown that the first words to be recalled were those the P'c heard last (or the words that were last on the list) because they were stored in STM. Also P'c can remember the few first words that have being on the list because they were stored on the LTM. Few words in the middle of the list were recalled, because they were not fully registered or remembered or there was lack of time to rehearse them. The conclusion of that study is that the words on the beginning of the list and on the end of the list were more able to recall, because were stored in LTM than the words in the middle of the list because were stored in STM and there was lack of time to rehearse them. Aim of my study is to carry out a partial replication of B. Murdock study. Hypothesis: My hypothesis is to find out that if the P'c can remembered more words from the beginning and the end of the list than from the middle. ...read more.

Middle

trees 6 6 stone 5 9% 7 watch 3 8 paper 3 9 horse 6 10 cause 1 11 plate 3 7.50% 12 faces 3 13 skate 2 14 reach 1 15 mango 6 16 mouse 7 15.50% 17 doors 5 18 light 6 19 house 9 20 press 4 Method: Design: This study used an repeated measures design. This design was used because if I will give my P'c twice the same words they will be able to remember more words. The independent variable was position of a words in a list. The dependent variable was how often the word was recalled. Extraneous variable are variables which could influence the results and so they have to be controlled. In this study extraneous variables were noise from the out side, if some participants have studied psychology, light, time to complete task, reading clearly, tone of voice, speed at which read out. These were controlled by doing this study in a quiet room, only those who have not studied psychology can do the experiment otherwise they will know what study is all about. Also the experiment have to be done in similar light levels. I have to also make sure that I gave my P'c the same amount of time. If I will be worried about that I will not read questions or words loud and clearly, I will write down everything on a big piece of paper. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also primacy/ recency effect can be used also for teachers. Some students can't remember what to do for homework, coursework, what are coursework deadline, what date is the exam or even on revision workshop. Because they were not listening to what teacher was saying because teacher was telling all of this stuff on the middle of lesson or conversation when any of the student doesn't concentrate on the lesson. Teachers should tell everything that is important on the beginning of the lesson and should also repeated this on the end of the lesson. If I would carry out further investigate I will make sure that the people can listen to words that I say. I should record myself so that people will have equal opportunity to remember words. I will look at the length of the words, to see if the length have an effect on my experiment. CONCLUSION: The aim of the study by B. Murdock was to find out if the position of the words on the list having an effect on the easiest way to remembered. My hypothesis is to find out if P'c can remembered more words from the beginning and end of the list than from the middle. On my experiment 14% were remembered from the beginning of the list and 15.5% from the end of the list compared to 9% and 7.5% from the middle of the list. My results clearly shows that this supports the aim and the hypothesis of the study. ...read more.

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