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Psychoanalytical Theory The definition for the psychoanalysis can be expressed by a psychodynamic theory of motivation and personality. Freud's theory is that the issues are developed over sometime; he did not believe that we are born the way we are. Psychoanalysis is known for potential are for mental illness. Most work on development and attachment has been directly or indirectly influenced by psychoanalytical theory. From a perspective, parental care taking activities such as feeding a child, is essential for the survival of the child, this is a critical attachment formation. The Freudian theory postulate that the infant has an innate need to suck, which involves interaction and modified by actual feeding experiences. The need of oral gratification through sucking and other forms of stimulus of the mouth can result that the infant becoming more attached to the mother's breast, and ultimately to mother herself. Psychodynamic Perspective An introduction of the psychoanalytical theory. Sigmund Freud initiated a revolution about thinking about human motivation and personality. Freud emphasis the critical role of the pre-school year and development of personality on the role of instinctual of unconscious motivation was viewed as radical in the early decades of this centaury; this is when his theory was noticed. According to Freud, development was governed by unconscious drives and instincts. Freud had stressed the role of biological influences and how the biological influences and how did the biological based drives, E.G. sex, aggression and hunger were shaped by encounters of the environment, and mostly with other family members. Freud believed the structure of developing personality consisted the three interrelated parts the, Id, ego, and the superego.
Hence the name stage is intimacy versus isolation. This stage is followed by the stage of generatively versus stagnation, where the focus is on the bearing and rearing of children. This period, the provision of clear guidelines and assistance of the next generation is a central concern. Stagnation is out growth of failing of failing to achieve this goal. Ego integrity versus despair is the final stage in Erikson's eight ages of man. Reflection on one's past accomplishments and failures organises this last phase of life. Psychodynamics theories have helped shape many of the concerns of modern child psychology, including the impact of the early experiences on later behaviour, the role of the family is socialisation and particularly most through Erikson's work the impact of culture on children's development. Until recently few modern researchers were actively testing these theories and their importance was largely historical influence. Evaluation This topic on psychoanalysis, I found interesting, because it deals with hidden meanings, dreams, operates within the 'unconscious', importance of one's early experiences and symbolism. This is a definition of what psychoanalysis can be. We would also say that it is a definition of psychodynamic theory of motivation and personality development, as well as potential cure for mental illness. The mental illness can be expressed by the 'unconscious' are: * Headaches * Paralysis * Blindness * Other physical symptoms dreams * Slips of the tongue * Jokes * Hypnosis Freud studied the unconscious involving 'free association' and 'dream analysis'. From the psychoanalytical perspective we have studied: * The idea of psychoanalysis was developed by Freud, at the end of the last centaury.
Freud could have been also more involved with adults and their instincts, personality and their model of their mind. Freud's theory is in so much detail and complex it is very difficult to test the theory and at the same time to prove it. The theory can be a conspiracy but it is also difficult to say that and can be criticising and to be critical to the theory, you can only criticise, if you have been studying it for a long period of time. I can say clearly though that I have enjoyed studying the psychoanalytical perspective on Freud's theory, it has developed my mind intellectually and psychologically. I found it interesting and I think this is the most precise and interesting theory I came across so far. What the following definitions that have been mentioned but have not been told the meaning are: - * Dream analysis-"a dream is a (disguised fulfilment of a suppressed or repressed) wish"- " Royal road to the unconscious". Dreams have a manifest content -(helps to protect the unconscious ego from the significance of the dream). What we actually dream- using symbols. Latent content what the dream means -(what is going in unconscious mind. Dream to try and interrupt what they mean. * Defence mechanisms- tries to limit the damage that is done, which the demands maybe made by the instincts and the parts of the personality are too much. However at times conflict occurs. These are: - * Repression - push back into the unconscious. * Rationalisation- justifies our actions to ourselves. * Projection- put our feelings onto someone else. * Displacement-take it out on the inappropriate person. * Regression- going back- person distressed. * Sublimation- channel energies into something else.
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