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Psychology - conformity

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Introduction

Independent Conformity. Jenness was the first person to study conformity, his experiment involved a glass bottle filled with beans. He asked people individually to estimate how many beans the bottle contained, then put the group in a room with the bottle, and asked them to provide a group estimate. He then interviewed the subjects individually again, and asked if they would like to change their original estimates, or stay with the group's estimate. Almost all changed their individual guesses to be closer to the group estimate. The aim of my study is to see if individual estimates are influenced by the estimates of others. The independent variable of this study is what estimates the participants see, either condition A or condition B (High estimates or Low estimates). The dependant variable of this study is whether or not the independent variable affects what the participants estimate. I predict that the independent variable will affect what the participants estimate in the following ways: * If the participants see the High estimates, their estimates will be higher. The High- fake estimate sheet will consist of 5 fake estimates: 700, 670, 800, 731, and 950. * If the participants see the Low estimates, their estimates will be lower. The Low- fake estimate sheet will consist of 5 fake estimates: 400, 470, 550, 342, and 535. I will also create 5 estimate sheets with no estimates on, to compare the above results too. ...read more.

Middle

fake estimates written on it. The study you just took place in was to discover if your estimate was affected by seeing other estimates. Your estimate will go towards a report for a piece of psychology coursework and compared with another 14 peoples estimates. * Would you still like to participate? * Thank you for your time. The participants in my study were treated ethically in the following ways: I asked them first politely if they would take part in my study. After they took part in my study I told them the whole truth about what I was experimenting and what would happen to their estimates and asked them once again if they would still like to participate after my debriefing. Once I collected all the raw data I put it into a table and that table into an appendix. In my appendix I have used this table full of raw data to calculate the data's Mean, Median and Range. This means that the participant estimates can be seen for all conditions and compared. Comparison: Mean Median Range Condition A 617.8 510 671 Condition B 529 650 649 Controlled 938.6 450 1957 The Bar chart on right shows the mean averages of the High, Low and Controlled estimate groups. I did not expect that the results from the "control" group would show the highest estimates and I cannot provide any possible logical explanations for this outline. ...read more.

Conclusion

Appendix 1: 5x High- fake estimate sheets 5x Low- fake estimate sheets 5x Controlled estimate sheets Appendix 2: Results: High- fake estimates Low- fake estimates Controlled 1000 650 450 420 350 1500 510 151 300 767 800 243 392 694 2200 Working out the Mean: (1000+420+510+767+392) � 5 = High- fake estimate average (650+350+151+800+694) � 5 = Low- fake estimate average (450+1500+300+243+2200) � 5 = Controlled average High- fake estimate average = 617.8 Low- fake estimate average = 529 Controlled average = 938.6 Working out the Median: High- fake estimates in order = 329, 420, 510, 767, 1000. Here there are 5 numbers, (5+1) �2 =3. 3rd number = 510. Median for High- fake estimates = 510. Low- fake estimates in order = 151, 350, 650, 694, 800. Here there are 5 numbers, (5+1) �2 =3. 3rd number = 650. Median for Low- fake estimates = 650. Controlled estimates in order = 243, 300, 450, 1500, 2200. Here there are 5 numbers, (5+1) �2 =3. 3rd number = 450. Median for Controlled estimates = 450. Working out the Range: High- fake estimate biggest and smallest integers: 1000, 329. Range = 1000 - 329. Range = 671. Low- fake estimate biggest and smallest integers: 800, 151. Range = 800 - 151. Range = 649. Controlled estimate biggest and smallest integers: 2200, 243. Range = 2200 - 243. Range = 1957. Independent Conformity: Estimation sheet. Participant 1:______________ Participant 2:______________ Participant 3:______________ Participant 4:______________ Participant 5:______________ Participant 6:______________ Participant 7:______________ Participant 8: ______________ Participant 9:______________ Participant 10:_____________ ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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