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Psychology Coursework. In this piece of coursework I will be devising a test to see whether organisation can improve memory based on the work of Bower at al (1969). There are 3 mnemonics to help improve memory.

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Introduction Memory is the ability to store information and retrieve it later when it is needed. Without it we would be able to do everyday tasks we take for granted. Images we see enter our eyes as light waves and we hear through sound waves. To make sense of the information it has too undergo three stages. These include encoding, were the information is changes so that we can make sense of it. It then goes into storage in a place which we can retrieve it whenever it is needed. In this piece of coursework I will be devising a test to see whether organisation can improve memory based on the work of Bower at al (1969). There are 3 mnemonics to help improve memory. These are... Cues Cues are like clues; they are like little arrows in our mind that helps guide us to the information we are looking for. They are one of the things we can do to improve recall. Tulving and Pearlstone (1966) asked participants to read lists containing a mixture of words from particular categories. They were then tested in free recall; one group was given a blank piece of paper to write the words down and the other group were given a piece of paper with the category headings from the list. The group with the headings recalled more than the group with the blank piece of paper. This shows how the category headings served as cues improve recalls. ...read more.


Materials I will be using for my experiment.... A table 2 chairs 20 pieces of plain sheets of paper 10 female participants 10 male participants A pen Stopwatch 1 disorganised list 1 organised list Procedure I will firstly get consent from my participants and read out the standardised instructions. Then I will hand them my organised word list and wait for 60 seconds. After removing the list and handing them the plain piece of paper and pen, I will wait a further 60 seconds to let them recall as many words as they can. I will then debrief them by reading my debrief sheet and repeat this 9 more times. I will then do the same with 10 more participants but with the disorganised list. I will then analyse my results later. Ethics I will ask all my participants consent to take part in my experiment to ensure they don't feel indomitable or distressed. To ensure my results are reliable and that my participants don't show demand characteristics, I will not explain fully my experiment until after when I debrief them. Debriefing them is important so they don't feel used in anyway and understand fully what is going on. I will ensure this so that id don't break any ethics and so no participants feels distressed. I will also ask them not to tell anyone about the experiment encase I use them as future participants as it may affect my results. ...read more.


I also only used 20 participants which is a very small sample size. This also weakens my results as by having more participants I would have a larger range. If I repeated my experiment, these are the changes I would make to make my results more reliable and a more accurate outcome. Appendix Wordlists Organised Blue Banana Ruler Giraffe Pink Lemon Rubber Kangaroo Purple Apple Book Hippo Yellow Grape Pen Lion Green Strawberry Pencil Zebra Unorganised Banana Hippo Yellow Giraffe Ruler Lemon Rubber Pink Purple Pen Book Strawberry Grape Zebra Apple Lion Green Pencil Kangaroo Blue Instructions I am conducting an experiment for my psychology coursework on memory. If you are willing to part, you will be given a word list consisting of 20 words, a blank piece of paper and a pen. You will have one minute to look at the words so try and remember as many as you can. When the one minute is up, I will take the word list away from you and you will be given 1 minute to write down as many words as you can remember. If you don't want to take part in this experiment, you can leave; if you do then we will start now. Debrief Thank you your time is up. As you know the experiment was on memory, I was testing to see if an organised word list makes it easier to remember than an unorganised word list. You were given the unorganised/organised word list. Thank you once again for taking part, and could you please not tell anyone about this experiment encase I use them as future participants. ...read more.

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