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Research Methodology

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Research Methodology Paper Donna L. Stefanick Psych 535 February 7, 2011 Dr. Frances Kelley Research Methodology Paper Research methods are a variety of techniques that people use when studying a give phenomenon. Research methods are well thought out and planned, scientific based and value neutral. This means that in order to have good research methods, a researcher must design the research in a way that maximizes the accuracy of the results. Research methodology is the framework used to study and compare different approaches of individual methods. Multicultural research, or sometimes called cross-cultural research, focuses on uncovering an individual's behaviors that are impacted primarily by cultural influences. It is designed to examine human behavior and test hypotheses about the influences of behavior and culture. The ability to conduct multicultural research is becoming more of a challenge for researcher as the United States becomes more culturally diverse. For researchers to conduct competent research, they need to consider how culture may influence areas like definitions of concept and methodological issues. ...read more.


Another useful sampling method is probability sampling. This form of samplings involves creating a random sample from a list of all the potential individuals in the target population. Probability sampling is considered to be the most efficient way to create this sampling. Probability sampling creates a means to give every individual in the target population an equal chance of being a participant in the study. Observation is another research instrument that can be successful in multicultural research. It typically involves using descriptive studies of a culture using a methodology called ethnographic. Ethnographic methodology is a detailed study of a particular cultural group that describes the group's cultural patterns and world views. A typical way to perform observational research is to have the researcher become enmeshed in the culture in order to conduct the observation fieldwork in order to collect and analyze the data as it pertains to the culture context. Grounded theory is another form of observation method that allows researchers to observe participants in a social setting without requiring the researcher to be an active participant of the group. ...read more.


It can be very difficult for an outsider of the culture to be an effective participant in the culture to perform an observation study. If the researcher is only viewed as a researcher and not part of the culture, the observational study can be skewed by the participant's responses depending on how they feel about the researcher. Many times, a researcher will need to rely on recorded cultural norms or previous research to determine if the behavior being observed is skewed or typical cultural norms. Conclusion Human behavior can be studied in either a traditional or multicultural research study. Multicultural research studies often are a more valuable process because it can spotlight issues that are present in a particular culture that may have been missed by traditional research studies. For a researcher to have a well-rounded study, it is imperative that they include multicultural research. As with all research, there are some implementation issues that need to be addressed when conducting multicultural research studies; however, if the problems encountered by researchers are addressed during the data can provide great insight into cultural influences in human behavior. ...read more.

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This essay covers some aspects of multi-cultural research methodology in detail. However, it is unclear throughout the essay why the writer is focusing on multi-cultural research. The paper is about research methodology in general. The essay is disjointed and needs to be better structured with an introduction that explains what the writer is covering first of all. Then the writer can present the main content of the essay.

Making a plan before writing an essay would be helpful as well as reading around this subject matter so that the writer understands the basics of research methodology. This will improve the score since the essay is good in parts.

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Marked by teacher Linda Penn 08/05/2013

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