• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Sigmund Freud 1856 - 1939.

Extracts from this document...


Jamie Thompson 12C 6th October 2003 Sigmund Freud 1856 - 1939 Sigmund Freud was born on May 6th, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia, which is now known as Pribor in the Czech Republic. Freud developed the techniques of "psycho-analysis" for treating psychological and emotional disorders. He graduated as a doctor of medicine from the Medical School of the University of Vienna in 1881. In the September of 1891, Freud moved to 19 Berggasse in Vienna where he lived and worked for the next 47 years. Freud first used the term "psycho-analysis" in his 1896 paper, "The Aetiology of Hysteria". Six years later in the October of 1902, a circle of physicians who followed Freud's work began weekly discussions on his theory of "psycho-analysis". As time went by, the group came up with more theories and more ideas to justify their claims. So in-depth did they become with their studies that they developed a group based on the studies themselves, called the "Vienna Psycho-Analytical Society" in 1908. In 1910, the "International Psycho-Analytical Association" was formed in Nuremberg under it's first President; a Swiss psychologist by the name of Carl Jung. ...read more.


Freud's account of the unconscious, and the psychoanalytic therapy associated with it, is best illustrated by his famous model of the structure of the mind created in 1923. It has many similarities with the account of the mind put forward by Plato over 2000 years earlier. The theory is called 'tripartite' because, again, like Plato, Freud distinguished three structural elements within the mind, which he called the 'id, ego, and super-ego'. The 'id' is that part of the mind in which sexual drives are situated that require satisfaction. The 'super-ego' is the part that contains the 'conscience'. The 'ego' is the conscious created by the tensions and interactions between the 'id' and the 'super-ego', which has the task of merging their conflictions. It is because of this notion that the mind is thought to be a dynamic "energy system". All streams of consciousness belong in the 'ego', the contents of the 'id' belong permanently to the unconscious mind, and the 'super-ego' is an unconscious 'screening mechanism' which attempts to limit the pleasure seeking drives of the 'id' by the employment of 'rules'. ...read more.


This shows that Freud's theory on the unconscious is well founded and as far as we know, correct. As I commented on in previous paragraphs, there is a constant 'battle' going on between the two sections of the unconscious mind: the ego and the id. The super-ego acts as a sort of rationalisation process between the two - almost like a referee. It is this mixture of biological, instinctual processes that makes the unconscious mind something puzzling, yet fascinating and thus exciting to concur. Despite these theories being formulated decades ago, it is obvious that they hold significant relevance today. The ego, said Freud, "represents reason and good sense". The super-ego is the last part of the personality to emerge and represents the internalisation of demands of society, parents and communities etc. It is the fulfilment of both these procedures that makes the unconscious mind what it is. It is for this reason that it is still relevant today: people are instinctually thrill seekers, and thrill seeking is what satisfies all parts of the mind - the ego, the id and the super-ego. Freud developed this concept years ago, yet it still applies unflinchingly to modern day psychology. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How do id, ego and superego, each contribute to Freud's concept of analytical psychology? ...

    This was known as the superego. While the ego may temporarily repress certain urges of the id in fear of punishment, eventually these external sources of punishment are internalised, and the child will not steal the chocolate, even unwatched, because he has taken punishment, right, and wrong into himself.

  2. Peer reviewed

    The psychoanalytic approach to psychology is based on the system of psychoanalysis, developed by ...

    5 star(s)

    It is a stage where there is little sexual activity and allows children to focus their energy on other aspects of life. Earlier sexual activities are repressed to the unconscious mind and this stage lasts until puberty when their sexuality is re-awakened.

  1. Describe and evaluate any one approach to the study of Human Behaviour. Sigmund Freud's ...

    Transference is an aspect of analysis that has both positive and negative effects, it occurs when patients view their analysts as parents, role models or significant others from their past. Transference causes patients to become concerned with pleasing their analyst and the rational aim of getting well is lost.

  2. A Critical Examination of the Sexual Life of Man In Sigmund Freud.

    Chapter two x-rays the view of some great minds on the subject. In chapter three, we shall discuss the profundity and fundamental thrust of Freud's sexual development. Chapter four will highlight and juxtapose variation in sexual expression; and chapter five will give an evaluative synthesis and synchronize the entire idea.

  1. Explore the work of Sigmund Freud

    It is classically indicated in the treatment of unresolved conflicts in early life, as might be found in non-psychotic and personality disorders, but to date there is a lack of convincing evidence concerning its superiority over other forms of treatment.

  2. Advertizment analysis

    It can give hope that if I buy this perfume, I am going to be princesses. The biggest role in this advert has the apple. That is because of the fact that: the perfume has the shape of an apple and there are apples which are falling through the door.

  1. Freud Sigmund - s.

    of many of his early theories. In that same year he learnt had had cancer of the mouth???. He continued his work, though the cancer made working increasingly difficult. He used to?? work over 18 hours a day. In 1938 the Nazis??? gained control of Austria. Under their rule, Jews???

  2. A study of the psychology of belief with reference to the influence of Freud. ...

    Both have a symbolic meaning to the follower and have a set ritual - failure to complete this ritual (however regular it may be) leads to guilty feelings of regret. Seeing this comparison Freud came to the conclusion that religion is another form of neurotic illness that stems from our unconscious.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work