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The effects of Day Care

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Introduction

A large proportion of preschool children now spend part of their week in day care, with many consequences for the child. Examine the truth of this statement. Emily Ashford Day care is often seen as a modern day norm so that parents can go back to work or so that they can have a rest for one or more days a week. Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis states that deprivation of attachment during a critical period of development would result in permanent damage. There are factors of day care which are important to development, stimulation, which affects cognitive development, attachments to substitute caregivers, affects cognitive, emotional and social development; also, interaction with other peers affects social development. ...read more.

Middle

The impact on emotional development is would be perhaps the most concerning to a parent so its encouraging the majority of studies on emotional development in day care suggest it has no ill affects. For example Anderson (1992) found that children who attended before the age of 1 did the best and Clarke-Stewart (1994) found that the amount of time spent in day care over the age of 15 months made no difference to a child, weather it be under 10 hours a week, or over 30. However, Belsky and Rovine (1988) found that there was an increased risk of an infant developing insecure attachments if they were in day for at least four months, especially if this was before the child's first birthday. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1997, 1000 infant and their mothers were studied when the child was 6 and 15 months. In general, there were no differences between children looked after at home or in day care, but the children whose mothers lacked responsiveness and who were in low quality day care were less secure. In 1995, Egeland and Heister studies around 70 children either at home or in day care. The children all came from poor backgrounds and were assessed at age 1 and at 3 and a half using the S.S.E. Day care appeared to have a negative effect for secure children but had a positive affect on the insecure children. In conclusion, quality not quantity of day care has a larger affect on children; previous attachment to primary caregiver, the child's circumstances and temperament also affect how they will respond to day care. ...read more.

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