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A Defense of Abortion.

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A Defense of Abortion In her argument on abortion, Judith Thomson discusses some major points about abortion. She deals with extreme cases and those extreme cases help us to realize a single perspective of abortion. For example, she talks about the violinist attached to you. In that example, you keep everything constant and focus on a single point, violinist being dead if you unattached him. This way of thinking would provide partial answers. That is, in real life moral issues are combined of different extreme cases. This is where the flaw in her argument is. Her argument misses out the fact that such extreme cases do not occur alone. They occur in interconnection with other extreme cases. To analyze the question of "Is abortion moral?" one must not take different examples, but use a single example that includes most, if not all of the cases. The only exception, for the reasons I will state afterwards, is sexual harassment. ...read more.


Rather, the will should be relevant here. As Kant suggests, what determines an action's morality is the will behind it. In order to perform the right action, one must have a good will. The good will here would be giving birth. However, this is a coin with two sides. What about mother's life? She will die if she gives birth. Sacrificing the mother or the child? In this case the mother should act in accordance with good will and give birth to her child, even if it means risking her life. Therefore, even with the mother risking her life we are moving with a single conclusion; mother should give birth. Last but not least, she talks about fetus being a human being. Even though this seems to be most important part of her argument, this is actually the most vulnerable one. The fetus is human after the moment of conception. So what? Does it matter that much? ...read more.


Another reasons that makes rape an extreme case is emotional attachment. You would not have an emotional attachment with the baby that you did not want in the first place. This looks like the violinist example Thomson provides. Not having an emotional attachment and not wanting the baby in the first place gives you the option of abortion. Considering this as the single exception, all the cases that Thomson provides including the chocolate and the violinist example are irrelevant since they are using the wrong yardsticks for measurement of morality. All in all, Thomson's examples are too extreme and they cannot be applied to real life. Her examples are different cases by themselves and need to be applied together. When applied together, the result would be convincing enough. The reason why I came to different conclusions with Thomson is that I tried to break her examples and I used Kantian philosophy to back up my arguments. However, that does not mean that either of us are correct in any sense. Selim Cillov U62-01-2757 Ph150 A1 Paper3 TA: Shai ...read more.

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