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A - Level sociology

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Introduction

Hypothesis: 'Is religion becoming less important amongst British Pakistanis?' I have two main aims there are as follows: * Ask 10 older and10 younger people about their religious practices and beliefs and to see if secularization is taking place. * Compare the results between the two sets of people. I think religion in society on the whole is on the decline however I think I will see that religion amongst British Pakistanis is still really high. The area of sociology I have chosen to research and study is religion becoming less important and is on the decline amongst British Pakistanis. This research stems from Wilson's study in 1966 and Hamilton study in 2001 'the secularization debate' where he points out, those who define religion in substantive terms are more likely to support the secularization thesis because they can show that religious belief has declined as people accept other more rational explanations of the world. However those who see religion in functional terms are more likely to reject the secularization thesis. The strongest evidence for secularization in Britain comes from church-attendance statistics. According to the 1851 Census, approximately 40 per cent of the population attended church. By 1950, this had dropped to 20 per cent, and attendance was less than 7.5 in 2000 (Brierley- found this out in her study 1999). Sunday school attendance is also in the decline. This table can be shown below: Church membership in the UK 1900 to 2000 Year Members (000s) Population (000s) Members as % of population % of population attending Sunday school 1900 8664 32237 27 55 1920 9803 44027 22 49 1940 10017 47769 ...read more.

Middle

Age does matter- I can't have all of the people at the same age and will need some under 20's and 10 over 40's as my aims is to ask 10 older and 10 younger people about their religious practices and beliefs and to compare the results amongst the too. 20 is not a huge amount of people, so therefore the results obtained will not be very representative. From my pilot study I will not be able to generalise ether as my sample is not big and to be able to generalise you need a large sample or the results can be representative. It does not really matter what gender I choose as I am not making any comparisons between the two genders so therefore it does not matter how many of each gender I choose. For ethnicity I must ensure all the people I give my questionnaire too are British Pakistani as my pilot study is based on British Pakistanis only. It does not matter if I don't have an assortment of ethnicity as the only one I am interested in for my pilot study is British Pakistanis. The way I found the 20 Pakistani people I sampled was really easy for me as my Parents are from Pakistani ethnic background so I know lots of Pakistanis that could fit in each age category I needed, so I simply emailed them or gave them my questionnaire to fill in. Research findings I found out the age group 20 onwards are less religious but especially the 40 +group and I found the group of people under 20 more religious. ...read more.

Conclusion

I only sampled 20 people so my research is not very representative so therefore I cannot make generalise from it. For my result to be more reliable and representative I should have sampled more then 20 people. It was not reliable as respondents were all from different class, all various ages, ethnic group was only Pakistanis, the gender was all female. Also all my respondents were all Muslims all these factors make my research very biased so therefore my results were not representative. A scientific sampling method like random sampling would get a proper representative sample, as you would get the same amount of people from the different classes, ages, genders and ethnic backgrounds. If this method is used then only could the results be generalised to the Pakistani British populations. Then I would also be able to generalise from my results. So to improve I would sample more people to obtain getter results. Also the people chosen to take part were chosen by opportunity sample which is not a good way of getting representative results to make the pilot study more representative the sample of people should have be chosen using cage (class, age .gender, ethnicity) al these factors should have been considered before I sampled and equal amounts of people who fit each category should be taken. No there not really issues of being fair-it was easy to choose 10 younger generation and 10 older generation. However fairness might have been more of an issue if I used class, age, gender and ethnicity to sample. I think my pilot study reached the two aims of my study effectively. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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