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A pilgrimage , or as it is called in Arabic ( Hajj ) is a special religious journey ,

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Introduction

pilgrimage , or as it is called in Arabic ( Hajj ) is a special religious journey , one that Muslims aim to make at least once in their lifetime . This includes visiting the Ka'bah and standing before God on Mount Arafat . Before entering Mecca the pilgrims must enter the state of ihram , which is the ' state of ritual purity '. During this period male pilgrims wear two sheets of plain white cloth - one wrapped round the waist , the other over the left shoulder .Women wear a plain white garment that covers them , leaving only their hands and faces bare . All pilgrims dress alike to symbolise that they are equal before God . The true Hajj is to be made on the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar , known as the Dhu-el-Hijja . To make this pilgrimage to Mecca ( the Hajj ) the pilgrims must be : * Muslim - non-Muslims are forbidden to enter the holy city ( Mecca ) ...read more.

Middle

Its importance lies in the fact that according to the Qur'an it was first built by Abraham and his son Ishmael , who received it from Gabriel . After a period of religious dispute , the Ka'bah came under the control of Muslims led by Muhammad . Since then the Ka'bah has been the focus of Muslim worship and devotion . Medina Medina is the second holiest city in Islam after Mecca . Its early history is closely linked to the prophet Muhammad , because it was to Medina that he made his Hijra ( flight ) in 622 and where he also built a mosque . Pilgrims may visit the city once they have completed their Hajj in Mecca . The flight to Medina is of such significance that the Islamic calendar was started from that day. Describe what can be seen there today Mecca In Mecca there are a number of attractions worth seeing . One of the most important buildings is the Ka'bah . ...read more.

Conclusion

The steps are as follows : Step 1 Enter the Prophet's Mosque from the As-Salam gate . Step 2 Pray to rak'at as a greeting to the mosque . Step 3 Go to the Prophet's grave quietly and respectfully . Step 4 Make Salam ( greeting ) to the Prophet then his two companions, Abu-Bakr and Umar . Leave the place and behave as if you are in other mosques . What is the importance of this place for believers today ? Mecca Mecca is important to Muslims because it was in Mecca that Abraham rebuilt the Ka'bah ( the Muslim house of worship ) on the site where Adam had originally built it . The stone is believed to be right under the throne of God in heaven . Mecca is also the birthplace of the prophet Muhammad . Medina Medina is important to Muslims since the prophet fled to Medina to escape religious persecution in Mecca . It was also from Medina that the prophet launched three wars against Mecca . Perhaps the most important reason is that Medina contains the second most important mosque the Quba . ...read more.

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