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A place of Muslim Worship

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Introduction

R.S Coursework Option 1 A Place of Muslim Worship A mosque is mainly used as a Muslim house of prayer. In Arabic, a mosque is called a masjid. This literally means that it is a 'place of prostration' (where muslims lie with the face down) as an act of submission to Allah. Most mosques are usually more than just a place of worship. They are used as a centre of community for Muslims. Apart from prayer, a mosque is used as a Madrasa (mosque school) where Muslim children go to learn the basic principles of Islam, as well as how to carry out Muslim practices and recite the Qur'an. The main service in a mosque is on Friday. All males are expected to attend unless they are ill or travelling. Women should also try to attend if they can. They do not have to attend but if they do, they must pray separately from men. Describe the main features of a specific mosque I am going to discuss and describe the main features of the Sultan mosque in Istanbul, which is sometimes called the 'Blue mosque.' Here is a picture of the Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, and Hippodrome. The last great majestic mosque, The Blue Mosque, was founded by Sultan Ahmet I and built by the architect Mehmet Aga between 1609 and 1616. Sultan Ahmet wanted to beat Justin Ian and his Hagia Sophia mosque, and on the other hand, architect Mehmet Aga wanted to be better than his master Sinan with Hippodrome. (There is a picture of all three on the previous page). Sultan Ahmet was given little time to enjoy his beautiful mosque, because he died the year after the achievement, when he was only twenty-seven years of age, leaving the mosque and the throne to his two sons. The mosque has a blue colour theme, which is where it gets it name 'The Blue Mosque.' ...read more.

Middle

They echo over rooftops and linger in the air. The call to prayer is like an alarm clock reminding people that it is time to pray. (Mihrab & Quiblah: The Blue Mosque has a beautifully decorated blue mihrab. It is made of white Proconnesian marble and is an original example of the carved stonework of the 16th and 17th century. This is a niche, sort of alcove, which shows where the quiblah wall is, (the wall that shows the direction of the ka'bah in Makkah.) It is very grand, because it is made of finely carved and sculptured marble and the nearby wall is covered in ceramic tiles. The Ka'bah is said to be the world's oldest place of worship in the whole world. It was built by Adam and restored by Ibrahim, (peace be upon them). Even when praying at home, Muslims usually have an ayah from the Quran or a picture on the wall showing the direction of the Ka'bah so that they know which way to face when praying. Muslims also carry a compass on them when they are travelling. They do not just use this compass to find their way; they also use it to find the direction of Makkah when they need to pray. The mihrab was probably introduced in the 3rd century of Islam. They can be made of wood but are usually made of masonry and adorned with pillars. They often come highly ornamented. This is the inner courtyard of the Blue Mosque. (Minbar: In the blue mosque, the marble 'minbar', or pulpit, features the mother of pearl relief. The minbar is the stand or platform, in the praying area, from which the imam delivers his khutbah, speech, or sermon, at the Friday prayer, called, Salat-ul-Jumu'ah. In the Blue Mosque, the minbar is made of white Proconnesian marble and is a fine example of the carved stonework of the 16th and 17th century, (like the mihrab). ...read more.

Conclusion

All mosques are used for prayers. Muslims go to pray the five daily prayers, Jummuah every Friday, Eid prayers, and Janazah prayers. As well as these prayers, Muslims can go to pray any other prayers whenever they want to because most mosques are usually open all morning and night. A Mosque can also be used as a Madrasa. This is a mosque school, which is usually aimed at children so that they can learn how to read the Quran in Arabic. Most mosques usually teach the children Islamic studies as a bonus. Mosques can be used for many other things too. It is very helpful when people have problems because an imam or religious person with knowledge can usually help solve it so when people have problems with marriage or anything else, someone with knowledge can usually give some advice to help. A mosque is a good place for social meetings because there are usually a few rooms somewhere in the mosque so that people can go and socialise. This can be handy when its hard to go to some ones house because you can easily make arrangements to go to the mosque. Community leaders and people with high knowledge of Islam can meet in the mosque, discuss the Shariah Law, and solve problems in Law courts. Marriages and divorces can be sorted out Islamically and when a Muslim wants to learn about Islam, there is access to a library, which usually has heaps of books that can be very helpful when read. Sometimes, people may need information on a particular subject so they can use the library and find the answers to their questions. Overall, the mosque in a community is very helpful because of all the reasons mentioned above. Its also very helpful when people need a rest form the world and need time to think to sort out things so I think that a mosque is very important in the Muslim community and all areas should have one even if it is a simple converted house. Sonya Shannon Uddin ...read more.

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