• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Abortion and Euthanasia

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By Michael Amaning Abortion and Euthanasia Abortion and euthanasia are topics that spark an endless debate within religious and philosophical groups. To therefore answer the question it is essential to break down and analyse the question. What is the definition of abortion and euthanasia? Abortion is defined as: The expulsion of the foetus before the seventh mouth of utero-gestation, or before it is viable. Again to understand this definition we must break it down to gain full access to its meaning, according to (Wilcockson) viability is defined as: When the foetus is considered able to sustain its own life given reasonable care. This definition is very close to U.K law addressing abortion, in which an abortion is allowed up to 24 weeks, which according to the law gives the protection from when it has developed to a stage physically in which it can survive out side the mother's womb. This objective definition often alienates many religious communities that almost in unison agree in the sanctity of a human being and its preservation. Let us take the Roman Catholic Church and analyse its position on abortion. The first disagreement is with the meta-ethics or definition of abortion related word and its laws, is the term foetus, is this word meant to simply describe a clump of cell which has potential to grow, or from the moment of conception the foetus is accepted as a full member of society with, according to the Catechism of the Catholic Church as having rights and being recognised by society as a person with these rights. ...read more.

Middle

The death of Jesus is used as an example of a painful death in which life was lived to the end. Again if we are to emulate Christ's life we should live it to its end, and experience part of his pain, which he undertook, for our sins. Euthanasia also challenges a person's faith, as we believe that god doesn't have the power to heal our illness and for that reason doesn't only affect ourselves but society because Christians are representative of their faith. As a result euthanasia is a public declaration of one's loss of faith in gods power. A protestant view is in agreement on the sanctity of life and its opposition to god's law. On the other hand they do take on board the quality of life of the patient as well. They believe that if a patient were to ask to stop medication thereby bringing death quicker, the church is more understanding of this and view. Hence this is less of an offence. In this situation they would again support and advise. However there are certain ethical theories that are used in both the protestant church and Roman Catholic Church. The protestant church do use the ethical theory Situation ethics by Joseph Fletcher. His ethical theory states that every situation is unique and the best decision is one showing the most love. So euthanasia can be justified because it is showing the patient love in preventing unnecessary pain, anguish to the family. ...read more.

Conclusion

Or keep her attached in the hope she might regain consciousness? Both religious churches will seek advice from both god and their religious text e.g'. love thy neighbour' or 'do not kill' and ethical principals especially personhood, what constitutes a person? Nonetheless they differ in their decision. A roman catholic would argue that if we take her of life support we are undermining god omnipotence and families faith, consequently would aid the family in keeping her on life support. on the other hand if natural law is of greater influence then a minority will suggest that she should be taken of life support because it is interfering with life natural course. A protestant will argue that as well as consulting both god and their religious text, her unique situation is also of great importance therefore they may opt to allow her to die because of the hardship emotionally, physically, and financially her family will is going through. Although if god they feel has told them to leave thing as they are it will be done because god is of supreme importance. A Kantian will dismiss all forms of ethical and religious influences, and out of duty form a maxim to act in the most moral way using rationality. The most rational maxims may be, don't kill or always kill. However, Kant said maxims should be made with three postulates of practical reason in mind 1) God 2) Freedom 3) And immorality Therefore the bad maxim will be dismissed and the mother will not be allowed to die. . ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Abortion and other medical issues section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Abortion and other medical issues essays

  1. Describe Kant's reasons for defending the need for the categorical imperative. How useful are ...

    Laws that become contradictory when they're universalised must be rejected as immoral. This is why we have to be selective when choosing our universal moral laws. We cannot take a forceful stance, as this would exclude certain people and have a decaying effect upon society.

  2. Abortion- Moral Issues

    There are 2 main organisations concerning abortion: * Pro-life which is against abortion * Pro-choice which is for a woman's choice to have an abortion. Pro-life individuals generally believe that human life should be valued from conception until natural death.

  1. With reference to abortion, examine and comment on the view that the sanctity of ...

    Both Glover and Warren would disregard sanctity of life as a moral absolute, as they condone abortion. It is very unlikely that they are religious, so therefore would not believe in sanctity of life. The issue of abortion transcends moral groups and philosophers, and was a very delicate subject within politics.

  2. Abortion and Euthanasia

    Another Christian argument against euthanasia is that Christians believe that life is sacred, that the Holy Spirit resides in all people. Anything, including euthanasia, that harms the body, harms the Holy Spirit, so is not what God wants.

  1. Is The Sanctity of Life to be regarded as a Moral Absolute? Discuss in ...

    a psychological concept, which can only be formed by contact with other humans. Yet personhood is different it is given to you by God and is granted to you from the moment of conception. An argument against Aquinas and Aristotle is that just because the foetus develops does not mean that the soul does.

  2. Abortion and Euthanasia - views from the Roman Catholic Church.

    We must see every life as having the value, which it has for God. The other issue haunting society is Euthanasia. Euthanasia is the Greek word for easy death. It is practically like suicide, which is against the Ten Commandments.

  1. What is meant by the word abortion?

    > The tendency of the Roman Catholic church is mainly conservative. > Some Christians believe that the foetus once aborted, will go straight to heaven and miss all the pain and suffering on earth. For example, from a forum on a Christian website (address available in the bibliography), 'don't all aborted foetuses automatically go to heaven?

  2. What is meant by abortion?

    before the baby could survive outside the womb (put at 28 weeks in 1967). * To continue the pregnancy would put the mother or other members of the family at greater risk. * It is necessary to avoid permanent injury, physical or psychological to the mother.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work