• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

ABORTION, EUTHANASIA, AND THE VALUE OF HUMAN LIFE

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

SANCTITY Sanctity means sacred. Sanctity of life means that life is given by God and therefore cannot or should not be taken by people. It is up to God when people are born and when they die. If something is 'sanctified' it is considered holy or blessed by God. ABORTION, EUTHANASIA, AND THE VALUE OF HUMAN LIFE A number of ethical questions cluster around both ends of the human life span. Whether abortion is morally justifiable has popularly been seen as depending on our answer to the question "When does a human life begin?" Many philosophers believe this to be the wrong question to ask because it suggests that there might be a factual answer that we can somehow discover through advances in science. Instead, these philosophers think we need to ask what it is that makes killing a human being wrong and then consider whether these characteristics, whatever they might be, apply to the fetus in an abortion. There is no generally agreed upon answer, yet some philosophers have presented surprisingly strong arguments to the effect that not only the fetus but even the newborn infant has no right to life. This position has been defended by Jonathan Glover in Causing Death and Saving Lives (1977) and in more detail by Michael Tooley in Abortion and Infanticide (1984). Such views have been hotly contested, especially by those who claim that all human life, irrespective of its characteristics, must be regarded as sacrosanct. ...read more.

Middle

Most abortions in the United States are performed for this reason. A spontaneous abortion usually passes through several progressive stages. The first stage is a threatened abortion in which a woman, known to be less than 20 weeks pregnant, notices a small amount of bloody discharge from her vagina and, perhaps, a few cramping pains in her uterus. By pelvic examination it is determined that her cervix has not started to open or dilate. Either the symptoms subside or the matter progresses to an inevitable abortion, in which there is increased bleeding, the uterine cramps become more severe, and the cervix, or mouth of the uterus, opens for the expulsion of the uterine contents. An inevitable abortion terminates either as a complete or an incomplete abortion, depending on whether or not all the products of gestation are expelled. The process may start abruptly with pain and profuse bleeding and be over in a few hours, or it may go on for days with only a modest loss of blood. Spontaneous abortions early in pregnancy tend to be complete. When the pregnancy is further advanced, it is more likely to be incomplete. Usually the physician removes the retained tissue in the uterus surgically when there is an incomplete abortion. If the fetus dies and is retained in the uterus for eight weeks or longer, the condition is referred to as a missed abortion. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Surah 2:155-156)" No one has the right to decide when they will die: "When their time, arrives they cannot tarry for a single hour nor can they go ahead. (Surah 16:61)" The opinion that euthanasia is morally permissible goes back to Socrates, Plato, and the Stoics. It is rejected in traditional Christian belief, chiefly because it is thought to come within the prohibition of murder in the Ten Commandments. The organized movement for legalization commenced in England in 1935, when C. Killick Millard founded the Voluntary Euthanasia Legalisation Society (later called the Euthanasia Society). The society's bill was defeated in the House of Lords in 1936, and so also was a motion on the same subject in the House of Lords in 1950. In the United States, the Euthanasia Society of America was founded in 1938. The potential of modern medical practice to prolong life through technological means has provoked the question of what must be decided by the physician and the family in cases of extreme physical or emotional suffering, especially if the patient is incapable of choice. Passively doing nothing to prolong life or withdrawing life-support measures has resulted in criminal charges being brought against physicians; on the other hand, the families of comatose and apparently terminal patients have instituted legal action against the medical establishment to make them stop the use of extraordinary life support. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Abortion and other medical issues section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Abortion and other medical issues essays

  1. A study of Christian beliefs about abortion in comparison with the ethical consideration of ...

    the Church has expressed serious concerns about the large number of abortions carried out under the current legislation. Some members of the church would limit abortions only to life-threatening situations while others would permit them for emotional and socio-economic reasons.

  2. Religion courseowrk, sancity of human life, abortion and euthanasia

    The mercy of a human should never be what determines the life or death of a fellow Human. God gives us the sacred gift of life, and is the only one who can decide when it is to be taken away.

  1. There are many issues and arguments raised when the subject abortion is mentioned.

    If a friend in my class had fallen pregnant I would try to explain to her all the issues involved with abortion. I would say that the Roman Catholic Church teaches that human life is sacred and that every life has a right to live therefore they believe that abortion is wrong.

  2. Abortion and Euthanasia

    euthanasia is when there is a deliberate action to end the life. It is illegal in England and Wales, but some countries, such as the Netherlands and Switzerland, allow it. Some Christians are totally opposed to the idea of euthanasia.

  1. child development

    The bay has reflexes and it senses work Touch The baby likes to be cuddled and stroked Sight The baby can see, but is short sighted Smell The baby recognises the smell of its parents and its mum's milk, it turns away from bad smells Hearing The baby hears quite

  2. Is the Sanctity of Life to be regarded as a Moral Absolute? Discuss in ...

    that it is wrong to kill in the 10 commandments, and he also tells us "When men strive together, and hurt a woman with child, so that there is a miscarriage, and yet no harm follows, the one who hurt her shall be fined,"6 this lets us know that hurting the woman or child is a punishable action.

  1. The First thought on abortion.

    It includes the use of a specially designed syringe to apply suction. Vacuum Machine This is the second method of Vacuum aspiration and is the most common method used before the first seven to twelve weeks of pregnancy. This method involves the use of a hollow tube named a CANNULA which is attached to a bottle and a pump.

  2. Is The Sanctity of Life to be regarded as a Moral Absolute? Discuss in ...

    This mean that if the mother were to have an abortion then this would be tampering with God's creation and this would be wrong. And God tells that it is wrong to kill in the 10 commandments, and he also tells us "When men strive together, and hurt a woman

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work