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Abortion, like any other controversial issue, is not a black and white matter.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TABLE ON CONTENTS ABORTION 2 WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE A PRO-LIFE? 4 A PRO-LIFES AIM 5 THE GEO-POLITICAL HISTORY OF ABORTION 6 METHODS OF ABORTION 7 SCIENTIFIC / BIOLOGICAL ISSUES: 9 MEDICAL PROBLEMS 10 PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES 12 RIGHTS OF THE MOTHER VERSUS RIGHTS OF THE 'Human' BABY 13 THE NEED FOR ETHICAL / MORAL BEHAVIOUR. 14 RAPE 16 CONCLUSION 18 BIBLIOGRAPHY 19 ABORTION " Termination of pregnancy and expulsion of an embryo or of a fetus Any of various procedures that result in such termination and expulsion. Also called induced abortion. The premature expulsion of a nonviable fetus from the uterus; a miscarriage. Cessation of normal growth, especially of an organ or other body part, prior to full development or maturation "1 Abortion, like any other controversial issue, is not a black and white matter. The two widely held stances' --chiefly in the NEWS, which rarely make any fine distinctions --are "pro-choice" and "pro-life." At first glance these would seem to be rather indicative 'options', but carefully coined words are very significant when trying to rally up support for your cause, more often than not, only to be abused by politics (where the need for 'appropriately' coined terms is of ultimate magnitude). The result? - Few people wish to be counted either as being against freedom of choice or as opposed to life. Opinions are polarized and minds are clogged. The extent of rivalry transforms into arrests, intense lobbying and many a legislative spectacle. This paper examines the nature of a 'Pro-Lifer', the issues they contest for, the rationale from a multi-faceted view; from an ethical and scientific perspective. This paper will also briefly cover a Pro-Lifer's ultimate aspirations and how they go about achieving them. Before we advance onwards, a clarification on the different manners of abortion: The term spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, is used to indicate delivery of a nonviable (incapable of living) ...read more.

Middle

Each needs the other to be 'unified'. Additionally, in every human there are 2 strands of DNA, without the presence of both the DNA 'life' won't initiate. As before, neither the egg nor the sperm contain both the strands. But this occurs only when the sperm couples with the egg, thus initiating 'life'.10 I have to stress here that, if this is NOT the initiation of human life then it would be equal to advocating that over a course of time (usually in context to age and size), that some-'blob' converts into some-'life' as it gets older and/or bigger. When really the only constant variable is nutrition to grow/develop in a suitable environment; Co-incidentally variables all 'life' require. Oddly enough, the blood groups (of the mother and 'blob') are also different, albeit a few months down the line. So how do people manage to pin-point when the two bodies are the same versus when they are separate? Many medical texts agree with Ashley Montagu, who has written: "The basic fact is simple: life begins not at birth, but at conception."vi MEDICAL PROBLEMS Direct Complications of abortion techniques11 Suction aspiration, Akin to other medical operation, Extensive care must be taken to prevent the uterus from being punctured. It can cause hemorrhage and will require further sugeryvii. On the other hand, if any placental tissue is left behind in the uterus, it can also be a cause for later complications. Dilatation (Dilation) and Curettage (D&C) Blood loss from D&C, is larger than for suction aspiration, as is the likelihood of uterine perforation and infection. viii RU 486/prostaglandin There are several serious well documented side effects associated with RU 486/prostaglandin abortions, including prolonged severe bleeding, vomiting, pain, and rarely death. ix There are a number of indications that RU 486 affects not only a woman's present pregnancy, but also her future pregnancies, once again inducing miscarriages or causing severe malformations in later children. ...read more.

Conclusion

Science too is coherent throughout the world. By focusing on Science and Ethics, this paper has proven that from the conception of the fetus, to abortion, methods of harmful abortion, and from a morally viable perspective established that in pretty much all the circumstances abortion is not ( almost never ) the proper-choice. Finally, in an attempt to once more establish a humane contact with the reader, this excerpt "Babies are cute, they cannot be mistaken for globs of cells, and there is a natural human instinct to protect them. Other cultures may not have treated them so tenderly, to be sure. But that could never happen here. We're nice people." 1 The American Heritage(r) Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition . 2 The primary focus of this paper 3 Legal Case: that held unduly restrictive state regulation of abortion to be unconstitutional. In a 7-2 vote the Supreme Court upheld the lower court's decision that a Texas statute criminalizing abortion in most instances violated a woman's constitutional right of privacy, which the court found implicit in the liberty guarantee of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment 4 the neck of the womb 5 Any of a group of potent hormone-like substances that are produced in various mammalian tissues, are derived from arachidonic acid, and mediate a wide range of physiological functions, such as control of blood pressure, contraction of smooth muscle, and modulation of inflammation. 6 Surgical incision of the uterus, as in a cesarean section. 7 Or incest 8 Economics should never be used to justify 'life' 9 Note: The inauguration of human life is not a religious, philosophical nor moral issue. 10 Note: Individually they do not constitute 'life'. 11 covered earlier 12 or uterine perforation 13 cited earlier 14 two-to three-fold increase and losses up to 28 weeks of gestation 15 "Ethics and Morality." Britannica Student Encyclopedia 2003 Encyclop´┐Żdia Britannica Online. 13 Apr, 2003 <http://www.search.eb.com/ebi/article?eu=296086>. 16 Note: often ethics has been 'polluted ' by customs and traditions of a society developed over generations 17 Selective readings from David C. ...read more.

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