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Abortion - Right or Wrong? - The No Difference Argument

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Introduction

Abortion - Right or Wrong? - The No Difference Argument I have considered three main hypotheses used by defenders of abortion to try to justify it: One, that there is a line to be drawn, before which there is no person or only a potential person, after which there is a person. Two, that no one knows when a person comes into being, the agnostic position. And three, the gradualist position; that what is in the womb starts out being a nonperson but gradually becomes a person, a smooth transition from the impersonal to the personal. Now, underlying all these is a simple fact. That there is a being in the womb, distinct from his mother, who grows and develops, and is then born: a newborn baby. Suppose we kill this newborn baby. For one thing, we cut short his life; we deprive him of his entire future. We deprive him of the most basic thing he has, which is presupposed for everything else: his life. Surely this is a great moral evil. Suppose we kill this being shortly before birth. We deprive him of his whole future. Suppose it is earlier, and then earlier still. ...read more.

Middle

They then argue that it is better to have a law that bans almost all abortions, and saves many lives, than the present situation (in the United States, and in much of the rest of the world) in which there is, in effect, abortion on demand. "Better to save most babies and allow a few to be killed, than to allow the number of abortions we have today." The motives of such people are noble. They want to save as many lives as possible. And surely it is better to save some than none at all. If a thousand innocent people are about to be exterminated by the Nazis, and we can rescue only some, we should, of course, do so: better to save some than none at all. But is an abortion prohibition with an exception clause parallel to this? In analyzing the question of exceptions, I will use the rape/incest case. A law is enacted that says, in effect: Abortion is wrong; it is prohibited, except if the woman is pregnant due to rape or incest. Then abortion is permitted. What it says is that it is wrong to kill almost all babies in the womb, but all right to kill a few. ...read more.

Conclusion

* The termination is necessary to prevent grave permanent injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman. * *The continuation of the pregnancy would involve risk, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated, of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman. * *The continuation of the pregnancy would involve risk, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated, of injury to the physical or mental health of any existing child(ren) of the family of the pregnant woman. * There is substantial risk that if the child were born It would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped. Or in an Emergency; * To save the life of the pregnant woman; or * To prevent grave permanent injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman. *Grounds with a star may take place up to 24 weeks. All other grounds are without time limits. Two doctors must give there assent to permit a doctor to carry out the abortion. A conscience clause permits a doctor to refuse to be involved with an abortion. This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database ...read more.

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