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Abortion: Right or Wrong?

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Introduction

Abortion: Right or Wrong? The topic that I shall be discussing is one that is argued about a lot, by a variety of people and organizations. The abortion controversy has become one of the most divisive and irrationally contentious issues of our time, turned into a legal and political power struggle with no permanent resolution in sight. The main focus and most media attention have almost been based exclusively, on the differences between Pro-life, Religion, and Pro-choice forces. Abortions have been occurring since ancient times, when it was used as a method of birth control. In the eyes of religion abortion was always considered, "Sinful," and was criminalized in Britain and the United States in the nineteenth century. "Back-street" abortions became the most popular way to limit the size of families. Abortion was first made illegal in Britain in the early 1800s. 1861: in an effort to stem the number of deaths caused by, "Back street" abortions, the Offences against persons Act made it illegal to, "Procure a miscarriage." Anyone who supplied or used, "Poison or other noxious things or means," to induce abortion was guilty of a crime carrying a penalty of life imprisonment. In an article headed, "Key Dates on the Way to Legislation" written in the Independent Newspaper, on the 27th April 1993, it states that, "During this time business in illegal abortions were thriving." 1936: The Abortion Law Reform Association (ALRA) was formed. It aimed to lift restrictions on doctors so they could offer safe abortions. ...read more.

Middle

Thomas Winning. The Roman Catholic Church is the only major world religion, to rule that abortion is absolutely unacceptable, in all circumstances, including the probable death of the mother. From the earliest times the Church has condemned abortion. One of the earliest statements condemning abortion is in a document called the Didache, which was written in the 2nd century. It states, "You shall not kill the embryo by abortion and shall not cause the newborn to perish." The teaching has been repeated through the centuries and as early as the 4th century the Church made abortion a crime, with its own proper penalties. The penalty for having or causing an abortion meant that the guilty party would be excommunicated, (cut off from the church). The Roman Catholic Church teaches that human life begins at the moment of conception, and should be protected. From that moment, a unique life begins independent of the mother and father. In 1869 Pope Pius IX declared that, "ensoulment," (gaining a soul) happened at conception, and Catholics have been taught abortion is always morally evil. Similar moral arguments put forward by Churches, include the view of the Church of England, which holds the view that all human life is created by God, and should be nurtured, supported and protected. This principal applies to both the mother and the foetus. Therefore the Church recognises the need for a balance between compassion for the mother, and responsibility for the life of the foetus. In opposition to the Roman Catholic Church, in 1983 the General Synod (the church council) ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally in the view of Pro-choice many young girls would have their future, education, family relationships and their career, ruined by the birth of a child. Others are pregnant as a result of rape or incest and would have their suffering multiplied by carrying the unwanted child. The activists state that we cannot put the alleged "Rights," of a cluster of cells ahead of such concrete harm to a human being. In addition to the above, public opinion still overwhelmingly supports the Pro-choice argument. A Harris opinion poll revealed that 77% of British people said, "Yes" when asked the question, "Should a pregnant woman be able to decide for herself whether to have an abortion, in the first three months of pregnancy?" 1,762 British adults were interviewed face to face for this poll, and slightly more women than men agreed: 81% of women and 72% of men. In conclusion, after viewing very strong arguments from all sides, it is clear that certain unforeseen circumstances, affect the choice a mother feels she has to make. I feel it would be unfair of me to judge a woman's decision to have an abortion, because I have never been in that situation. Before I started researching this topic, I was of the opinion that every individual person with a justified reason, especially in the instance of rape, should have the right to choose. I am still of that opinion. Moreover, I also feel that babies are precious "Miracles" so why is murder accepted? My initial instinct tells me, that this is one argument that will never have a right or wrong answer; and I will continue to have mixed views about it. ...read more.

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