• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Absolute and Relative Poverty

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Absolute and Relative Poverty In between the years 1978 and 1980 politics from all over the world came together to see if they could help the world's poverty. A man called Willy Brandt the groups chairman wrote an introduction saying: 'Our report is based on what appears to be the simplest common interest. Mankind wants to survive and, one might even add, has the moral obligations to survive. This not only raises the traditional questions of peace and war, but also how to over come world hunger, mass misery and alarming differences between the living conditions of rich and poor ... we want to emphasize our belief that the two decades ahead of us maybe fateful to mankind' (North-South: A Programme for Survival, 1980) The best way to show how the world divides into rich and poor is the North-South line. In the North part of the equator (including Australia) are the rich, or developed countries; these countries include North America, Europe, Russia, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. In the southern part of the equator indicates the poor, or Third World countries (also known as underdeveloped or developing countries). These countries are most of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Here are a few facts and figures about the differences in the two sectors: North * 25% of the world population, * Earns 80% of the world's income, * A person is ...read more.

Middle

Jemma Able Page 2 5/2/2007 An example of Absolute poverty is in the Southwest of Africa, here a country that is in constant war between two groups both waiting to take over the country, called Angola. Many years before the war the country was wealthy, but because of the war many people have come from the country into the city because the enemy has destroyed the farms. The overcrowding of the city has lead to poverty and it could not be stopped because the Government that owns the country are selling all the food and money on weapons, etc, for the war. The increase of population has had a bad effect on the country. All of the refuges have flooded the streets, cooking, sleeping, and bring up children on them. Some of them were able to escape the streets and went to empty buildings; one of these buildings was called 'Lagoon Tower'. Lagoon Tower was a building made buy the Portuguese, who fled before the war started. They were building Lagoon Tower and never completed it. There are 20 floors in the building, which has no clean water supply, no electricity, no wall on the outside of the building, and has no sewage system. Their is a life shaft going down the centre of the building were people dispose their waste, this waste all collects at the bottom. ...read more.

Conclusion

Disabled people also face additional costs resulting from spending on items such as transport, heating, laundry, wear and tear on furniture and clothing, special diets, caring services and prescriptions. Cuts in benefits for disabled people have also led to an increase of poverty. The overall failure is from the policies, which deal with both of the above. The impact of poverty is serious because it is not simple about doing without things; it is also about being denied the expectation of decent health, education, shelter, a social life, and a sense of self-esteem which the rest of society takes for granted. In 1994/5 Family Expenditure Survey showed that lone parents in the poorest fifth of the population spend �4.78 a week on leisure services compared to �31.20 in all house holds. The NCH Action for Children's poverty and Nutrition Survey found in1991 that 1 in 5 parents and 1 in 10 children had gone without food in the previous month because they had no money to buy it. The growth in homelessness over the 1980's and the 1990's has been dramatic. In 1994 there were 122,660 homeless households compared to 55,530 in 1979. According to the 1991 Census 2,674 people were sleeping rough, all though many rough sleepers are not easily visible. Overall poverty is the biggest killer that I have come across. Some of the facts here are really upsetting, and you never know what will happen in the future. Jemma Able Page 3 5/2/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Charities, Poverty and Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Charities, Poverty and Development essays

  1. Identify four causes of the increase in poverty and vagrancy in the Tudor period.

    These views can be seen as very un-sympathetic as they were in no way trying to relieve the real problems of Poverty and vagrancy only trying to exert more control over the Elizabethan subjects. However, by 1576 the poor law had changed, no longer just a relief of poverty or

  2. This essay outlines, contrasts and critically discusses two definitions of poverty, namely absolute and ...

    With this in mind, poverty and the issues surrounding it however defined within a society can be used emotively to raise awareness of plight or political standing. Poverty however well or poorly defined is a concept that is a socially constructed notion of unacceptable hardship.

  1. Why are child poverty levels in the UK so high?

    The childhood poverty rate is high, the number of lone parent families suffering from poverty is high, and the number of workless households is high, as is the number of people who suffer from low wages or have low benefits.

  2. Explain the terms 'Relative poverty', 'Absolute Poverty' and 'Culture of Poverty'.

    The lack of material possessions and facilities necessary for 'material well being' are not the only way to view those 'in poverty' because exclusion from the lifestyle of the community in which a person belongs is also a measure of poverty.

  1. Is world hunger the product of nature or politics

    (UK based Centre for Food Policy, Thames Valley University and UK Public Health Association, "Why Health is the Key for the Future of Farming and Food, 24 January 2002") So is world hunger all about lack of food and the countries inability to produce enough food for its people.

  2. The Relation Between Consumerism and Poverty

    that modern societies are built up around consumption rather than production and that this is a key problem. This shift from a culture of producers to one of consumers, Bauman maintains, has left the poor "without a useful function."

  1. RE poverty

    This is another example where poor diet and hunger can lead to disease and death. For many developing countries, debt is a major problem. Countries such as Zambia, Honduras and Haiti, all had to take out large loans from the IMF (International Monetary Fund) to support their economies and people.

  2. Singer's Practical Ethics: Poverty

    Singer mentions that "people are more aptly praised for above average generosity than blamed for giving less than they might" (228). One may consider it to be heroic if they donate $1000 to help the poor, but is it truly heroic if that person could easily afford to donate more?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work