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An examination of the mystic tradition in Islam and Buddhism

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An examination of the mystic tradition in Islam and Buddhism ? What is Mysticism? Mysticism means direct, immediate experience of ultimate reality for Muslims and Christians, it is union and communion with God, Buddhists, it is realization of enlightenment. "Mysticism, in its pure form, is the science of ultimates, the science of union with the absolute, and nothing else, and that the mystic is the person who attains to this union, not the person who talks about it. Not to know about, but to Be, is the mark of the real initiate." (Evelyn Underhill: The Mystic Heart p.20). Mysticism is concerned with the nature of reality, the individual's struggle to attain a clear vision of reality, and the transformation of consciousness that accompanies such vision. The beauty of the Unseen Form is beyond description -- borrow a thousand illuminated eyes, borrow! (The Sufi Path of Love: The Spiritual Teachings of Rumi, p. 263) The origin of the word mysticism came from the Mysteries of ancient Greece. ...read more.


Dionysius taught a negative way of mystical effort, wherein the mystic is plunged into, "Darkness of Unknowing," and is, "wholly absorbed in him who is beyond all". In Dionysius', "Mystical Theology" he writes of the mystic way ascending from the particular to the universal, "venturing beyond all the positive divine attributes, so that, without a veil, we may know that Unknowing which is shrouded under everything that is known or can be known, and that we may contemplate that super essential Darkness which is hidden by the light that is in existing things". Dionysius wrote of the "union", of the soul with God, and of the gradual, "divinisation", (theosis) of man. He says that, "by the exercise of mystical contemplation the mystic will rise by unknowing towards the union, as far as it is attainable, with he who, transcends all being and knowledge". All forms of Mysticism are inherently part of spirituality,. this is the inner commitment to live the search for the divine. ...read more.


Said Paul (1 Cor. 14.19). Monastic are, in a sense, "professionals", in spirituality, and monasticism has traditionally been the place where mysticism has flourished in the church. Yet monastic often fall far short of realizing their ideal mandate of mystical contemplation. The other definition of mysticism is mystical theism, a mysticism focused on God, this belief is present every where except in Buddhism and Jainism. This is the oneness with God. This is the belief of one God, the creator of all worlds. Believers say God created the universe therefore everyone is linked to Him, all thoughts are linked to Him. Believers would argue that with monism, they would say at least their own experiences are true, and perhaps that some others may have them, or at least that religion has a life of its own independently of the social or psychological environment. This is the path Islam and Christianity, and all religions that believe in the on God follow. They believe you couldn't have unity because God created the universe therefore we are "one", with Him. According to Parrinder, ("Mysticism in worlds religions") some people say mysticism is vague and unpractical. These are people ...read more.

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